consumer retail investment banking trends in kenya

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Consumer retail investment banking trends in kenya forexpros system review

Consumer retail investment banking trends in kenya

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The banking act has not yet been amended to allow Islamic products and so the CBK approves them on a case-by-case basis. So far the two banks have , clients, and while the appeal of sharia-compliant banking products extends well beyond religious boundaries, nonetheless with 4m Muslims in the country, the potential for growth in this segment is sizeable.

According to figures published by CBK, the banking sector is growing and profitable, although expenses are climbing faster than revenues and non-performing loans have also increased. The sector is ahead of minimum reserve requirements. The banks held a deposit base of KSh2. The core capital to total risk-weighted assets ratio increased from Total income reported during the year across the sector increased by However, annual return on assets fell to 3.

For the month ended June 30, , average liquid assets amounted to KSh January was the deadline for banks to increase the total capital to risk-weighted assets ratio to The ratio helps ensure lenders can absorb any market shocks such as bad loans. Banks have to boost cash reserves at the end of each month in terms of the new cash reserve ratio cycle, which results in a tightening of market liquidity.

CBK and the Kenya Bankers Association KBA continue to push for improvements, including transparency, so that customers will be able to learn more and have more choice, not just regarding rates but also based on customer service, speed and other qualities. It is determined based on the average central bank rate and the two-month moving average of the day Treasury bill rate. Banks can determine what margin to add and there is more information available for consumers so they can see who is charging competitive rates and who is not and understand why these rates move up and down.

A second initiative, introduced in May , is to introduce annual percentage rate APR pricing, which Olaka says will allow consumers to compare different bank loan costs in terms of total cost of credit, based on standardised parameters and a common computation model.

Bringing down interest rates also requires improved transparency from customers. Competitive pressure and performance targets for lending officers mean more marginal clients get approved and banks chase riskier business. The legal system can make it hard for banks to recover their loans — one bank told OBG it took them 10 years to recover a loan.

NPLs have increased in tourism due to falling tourist numbers and in construction due to late payments by governments. However, on the back of increased overall lending, as a ratio of gross NPLs to gross loans, the figure declined marginally to 4. The coverage ratio, measured as a percentage of specific provisions to total NPLs, increased from The quality of assets, measured as a proportion of net NPLs to gross loans, decreased marginally from 2. Credit reference bureaus CRBs can counter this trend by providing information about bad borrowers, and this in turn can reduce the costs of lending.

Olaka said that agency banking — whereby non-bank representatives, such as shopkeepers, are authorised to offer basic bank services and settle transactions outside branches — by large banks such as Kenya Commercial Bank KCB and Equity Bank had driven down the number of people excluded.

He said that second-tier banks still have much room to grow with the model. The CBK has earned a reputation as a solid and strict overseer for the banking industry, and has increasingly sought to bolster the soundness and stability of the sector alongside improving customer protections. Crucially for a sector that is seeking to entice the unbanked to join, it has in place deposit insurance. Indeed, to this end, regulation tightened in the second half of Evidence of insider trading, theft of customer funds, parallel banking and defaults had come to court in a wrongful dismissal case.

Shareholders of other small banks have already taken remedial action including capitalisation, according to reports. Banks are gearing up to expand to the new counties, although the northeast regions remain underserved, mostly due to security worries. In counties where there are not enough banks, microfinance provides access.

As a result, local banks are taking a bigger share in syndicates and also investing in infrastructure bonds. While Kenya has a wide and diverse array of retail lending tools, tailored to a sizeable cross-section of the population, mortgages have been slower to take off. Many prefer to build in stages as funds become available and to use financing from SACCOs, which offer more flexible terms. Another issue is affordability, with the average mortgage loan from commercial banks recorded at KSh7.

Banks are exploring new models, for instance communal mortgages. Bigger banks will control retail banking for the foreseeable future, while local big players will dominate growth. However, the strength and convenience of mobile banking may constrain the uptake of more traditional products. As the busy Kenyan market continues to grow and mature, and with clear sights towards the huge potential of the region and the rest of Africa, domestic banks should have a very busy period ahead of them.

Choose from the options below to purchase print or digital editions of our Reports. You can also purchase a website subscription giving you unlimited access to all of our Reports online for 12 months. If you have already purchased this Report or have a website subscription, please login to continue. Our investment banking professionals have in-depth consumer sector knowledge and have completed over consumer transactions in recent years. We focus on four main sectors: food, beverage and tobacco; household products and personal care; and consumer products and retail.

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Insurance cover. Some banks have introduced insurance cover for customers holding certain amounts of money in their accounts. Under this scheme, people get insurance cover for certain amounts, depending on the amount of money held in their accounts. Credit cards. These enable customers to obtain goods and services on credit. E- Banking. Customers are able to access their accounts through the use of desktop computers in the comfort of their home or office.

Package banking. Banks strive to offer more value- added services to their clients without necessarily asking for payment. Other modern technology include: ATMs and mobile banking. Over this time period, 3. Close examination of the trends in bank deposit accounts reveals another remarkable fact. While total mobile money accounts surpassed and seemed to be diverging quickly from bank deposit accounts in , by the end of , total bank deposit accounts caught up to and exceeded total mobile money accounts.

While the period from to saw remarkably strong growth, the sector shifted into higher gear with total bank deposit accounts nearly doubling from The drivers of growth in these two periods are different, but both represent a deliberate search for more cost-effective distribution channels. Prior to , commercial banks, such as the now globally recognized Equity Bank, expanded down-market, implementing transaction based revenue models and creating more appropriate products for lower income consumers.

In fact, between and , the average deposit size per account fell from Ksh , in to Ksh , in a reduction of 50 percent. Given the success of mobile money, commercial banks were not far behind in seeing the opportunity to use mobile phones as a channel to drive growth. Both the emergence of agency banking and the design of digital financial services built on the foundation of mobile money have enabled banks to offer services to additional users at lower cost and increasing competition will put further downward pressure on prices.

While there are now enough deposit and mobile money accounts in Kenya for every adult at or above the age of 18, multiple account holding, dormancy and unequal distribution does not guarantee universal access to financial services. Financial inclusion indicators constructed from each of these demand surveys provide a fairly consistent picture of broad trends.

In absolute terms, between and an estimated Challenges remain. Around 20 percent of the Kenyan population still does not own a mobile phone and around 18 percent are financially excluded. Further expansion of services to low-income clients will become more difficult as they are poorer and more isolated.

Table 1. Data represent state of sector in December Figure 1. Distribution channels by year, The network of over , agents that mobile money operators and increasingly banks have set-up to serve customers dwarves the number of brick and mortar branches, stand-alone ATMs, post offices and other access points, and this new approach has brought services closer to people.

Accounts by year, — The drivers of growth in these two periods are different, but both represent a deliberate search for more cost-effective distribution channels. Resources for delivering enterprise finance.