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All M. Figure 2. Effect of temperature on the pathogenicity of F. This experiment was conducted to determine the influence of temperature on the pathogenicity of Fusarium and Microdochium isolate collection under in vitro conditions.
The growth rates of F. Similar results were re-ported by some authors Pettit et al. In general, M. The pathogenicity test highlighted the variation among species and isolates in germination, root development and biomass growth retardation at different temperatures. The highest pathogenicity of tested species to seedling roots was recorded in. These results are in contrast with the results of Ponchet Ponchet , who reported that. Our results correspond with Brennan et al.
The analysis of presented results shows that the species and origin factors were the most important contribution to the vari-ation observed in both in vitro growth rates and seedling pathogenicity of M. This conclusion is in agreement with previously reported results showing that different Fusarium.
The test also showed the variation of F. The MRisolates grew significantly faster at lower temperatures and were significantly more pathogenic in germination and biomass growth retardation than the FR isolates. According to results it seems that the isolates probably formed ecotypes Pettit et al. Similar results were obtained by Brennan et al. He recognized that the isolates originating from some regions were not able to cause the same infection levels in different agr-oecological conditions, except possible adaptation and regaining the former pathogenicity.
Otherwise, the variability of species and isolates indicates that the pathogen-host interaction is highly complex Doohan et al. There is a consensus that the true host specificity does not exist in Fusarium. It follows from this analysis that the species and origin of isolates were the most significant factors affecting the pathogenicity of Fusarium and M.
There could be many relationships which might exist between the in vitro growth rate and pathogenicity of the species isolates. The present study highlighted the importance of isolate origin and incubation temperature as important factors for the growth and seedling pathogenicity of selected species. The results sug-gest that not only within Europe Brennan et al. Microdochium nivale.
This knowledge could be interesting for specialised breeding programmes in different agroecological conditions in the future. Bottalico A. European Journal of Plant Pathology, — Brennan J. Campbell K. Phytopathology, — Clear R.
Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 51— Conrath U. Trends in Plant Science, 7: — Di Menna M. Myco-pathologia, 81— Doohan F. Gerlach W. Paul Parey, Berlin. Gilbert J. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, — Cereal Research Communications, — International Journal of Food Microbiology, — Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, — Miedaner T.
European Journal of Plant Pathology, 63— Parry D. Plant Pathology, — Pettitt T. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, — Pitt J. Black-ie Academic and Professionals, Cambridge. Ponchet J. Annales des Epiphyties, 90— Sutton J. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 4: — Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, — Vigier B. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 60— Walker S.
Plant Diseases, 85 : — Wong L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, — Kamil Hudec, PhD. Using cross-section data for a number of countries or regions, the change in per capita income over a long period e. On the other hand, four Candidate Countries - Romania, the Slovak Republic, Poland and Cyprus - had a growth rate which was higher than the average for the Candidate Countries. Relative spear growth rate, spear production rate per plant and average basal spear diameter of mother fem plants were lower than for those under the normal harvest..
Average spears. Therefore, Chi- na-Africa capacity cooperation must consolidate the foundation of sustaina- ble development of China-Africa relations, and at the same time strengthen infrastructure. Following this empirical analysis, the study found a positive and statistically significant impact of FDI on economic growth in Ethiopia though the impact is weak in.
The growth response of the bacterial isolates from maize plants to NaCl and temperature is represented in Table The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether the real estate industry in Guangzhou will have a bubble phenomenon with the rapid rise in housing prices.
This issue has also become. In the study reported herein, the quantitative growth, colony size, and rate of growth of clinical anaerobic isolates were compared on different media to determine if one medium was. Assume now that the household of country j; is confronted with the sequence of prices, tax rates, per-capita pro…ts, other lump sum transfers, public consumption, and endowment of.
Aggregate patterns of manufacturing convergence and relative decline may be. Specifically, the trend growth rate in country B is several times as volatile as that in country A , while BC volatility standard deviation of the cyclical component in country A.
Show more. Download now 7 Page. Keywords: Fusarium ;wheat; seedlings; pathogenicity; in vitro growth ; ecotypes Fusarium diseases of wheat seedling blight, foot rot, scab and Fusarium head blight — FHB are caused by a number of species, mostly by F. Along with the reduced yield of kernels, economic losses arise from the accumulation of mycotoxins which can make infected kernels unfit for human and animal consumption and feeding. The influence of origin and climatic factors on Fusarium diseases is complicated by the fact that Fusarium species are able to cause the diseases individually or in complex.
The aim of this paper was the analysis of Fusarium spp. Twenty isolates of Fusarium culmorum , F. Pathogenicity of isolates to wheat seedlings The in vitro test was used to examine the effect of Fusarium and M. There were no significant differences in the pathogenicityof F. In order to minimize risk, you can utilize asset allocation in your portfolio. This refers to the apportionment of the capital assets in a way that balances the risks and rewards.
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