Also, in the long term, gold steadily increases in value. This is why gold is considered to be a safe-haven by many investors. Choosing the right option depends on your expectations, the time for which you want to invest and your risk tolerance.
For example, bonds can be risky. But they also offer higher amounts of returns in shorter periods of time. If you just want to prevent your savings from depreciating in value over time, investing in gold can be an option that you can consider. Long term investors usually aim for higher returns and consequently, the risk involved is also greater. These need proper planning and in-depth knowledge about the markets and financial institutions.
Stocks represent partial ownership of a company. Stocks can either grow in value or you can get periodic dividend payouts. Some investors invest for growth in value and some look for high dividends. Companies issuing growth stocks focus more on growing by re-investing their earnings to accelerate business expansion, than paying dividends to the investors. This is why growth stocks often have negligible dividend payouts. In this case, the company spends a significant proportion of its profits in paying dividends to its stockholders.
The dividend payouts are often greater in value than the payouts from fixed-income securities. Stocks can be invested from JSE licensed brokers. Bonds are a type of fixed-income securities. Long-term bonds have greater interest rates than short-term bonds. But the risk involved is greater too. One of the risks involved in long-term bonds is that interest rates on similar securities may rise during the term.
Or your investment might fail if the company or asset in which Bond is investing fails. Mutual funds and unit trusts are investments made in a wide variety of stocks that differ in the amount of risk involved and return potential. Both are managed by financial experts called fund managers. Because of their diversification, mutual funds and unit trusts can maintain a desired level of returns, while minimizing the amount of risk involved.
The only concern here is to find a good manager who has a good track record and whose goals align with yours. Despite the good track record, there is still a huge market risk and no guaranteed returns can be ensured in case of uncertain markets. They are traded through a JSE broker. All these may sound similar to mutual funds, but the difference lies in liquidity, costs involved and management styles. The most common way of investing in real estate is by buying a house. You can buy a house on a low down payment as a loan.
You can then rent it or use it for your own purpose. REITs work in the same way as stocks. You get partial ownership of a property and the value of your investment increases as the property increases in value. Like short-term investments, long-term investments also come with different levels of risks involved and capital appreciation. However, unlike short-term investments, it is better to diversify your portfolio when going for long-term investments. This will minimize the amount of risk involved while ensuring you get the desired level of returns.
Short term investments are mostly for people looking for savings with short term returns with low risk. These involve a very high level of risk and require a better understanding of the markets. You need to have clear understanding of these instruments and market. The returns on such investments is usually higher than other forms of investments, but so are the associated risks. Derivatives are contracts signed by two parties based on the value of an underlying asset.
The asset is then traded at a predetermined price on a later date. In such contracts, the benefit of one party due to fluctuations in the market comes at the loss of the other. The contracts can be based on assets such as shares, commodities, bonds and currencies. The basic types of derivatives are futures, forwards, options and swaps.
CFD is an agreement between an investor and a broker to exchange the difference in the value of an asset between the opening and closing of the trade. Volatility in forex enables traders to make profit. Forex trading is very risky and requires sound knowledge about how the different events will affect the value of a currency. It is a digital currency not backed by Government but in recent years it has increased in popularity and acceptance among investors, speculators and businesses.
So, remember to read and understand all terms before investing and always invest through a licensed broker or entity or investment advisor. Some are safe to an extent, some are less risky compared to others. Government bonds are backed by the government, so they are considered to be safe.
Unit trust funds and market funds are backed by big banks investing in diversified companies or sectors — yet, they are risky but not as risky as futures and options or shares and forex. Then, there is share and commodities trading which can be done at JSE through an approved broker. There are also ETF exchange-traded funds which allows you to invest in index-based prices, as well as derivative products like future and options which offer margin trading that can be very risky and, is usually used by traders to speculate on currency and commodities.
There are also high-risk speculative products like - CFDs and Forex Trading which is purely for speculation. Depending on your risk profile, investing education, and expectation for returns, investment options can vary. Various brokers and banks offer investing accounts and various investment products. JSE licensed brokers to allow you to trade shares and commodities, futures, options. There are also FSCA regulated entities that offer investment advice and facilitate investing for their clients.
Based on consideration of all investment options and their risk profiles and your investing goals, make a plan how you are going to invest, where you are going to invest, and for how long you are going to invest, when you are going to buy and sell - at what price you will enter or exit the position, etc. Which portfolio you are going to build like - for example, you may want to build your portfolio around tech stocks only and plan to hold all big tech stocks at some point in the future.
Based on that, repeat the process while you diversify, expand your portfolio, and follow this consistently. You may also diversify or spread investments across sectors or companies as Investment funds do. If you are investing in riskier investments like stocks, ETFs, derivatives, remember to calculate your risk to reward ratio. If you are risking R, to make R10,, you should avoid that investment.
Don't sell or be discouraged with short-term market volatility. Market movements are bound to happen. If you've made an informed decision based on market analysis, then you should stick to it. This article was written and supplied by Forex Brokers SA. Social media has had strong feelings about Styles's Vogue cover photo wearing a beautiful dress. The country music legend-of-legends donated more than R15 million towards the development of the effective Covid vaccine.
The broadcaster was responding to a message in which the listener claimed Donald Trump would be sworn in as president in January. While Donald Trump's claims of US electoral fraud are unverified, New Zealand has a clear case of vote rigging ruffling feathers. More people are being infected and hospitalised right now in the US than at any time since the pandemic began.
Global rating agencies Fitch and Moody's both downgraded South Africa's credit rating further into junk on Friday evening. Clyde Mervin of the Communication Workers Union explains what action will be undertaken today in the face of retrenchments.
Sarb Governor Lesetja Kganyago's announced that the repo rate stays at 3. The Zondo Commission needs to crack the whip after Jacob Zuma left without permission says public law expert Cathy Powell. The Western Cape government has appealed to both retailers and shoppers to play their part in stopping the spread of Covid during Black Friday. Some SABC board members have broken ranks to publicly oppose retrenchments at the public broadcaster.
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Read more. Investments Make your money grow with our diverse range of investment management solutions. Let us help you to Make the most of what you have. Sanlam Life Insurance is a licensed financial service provider. Invest in a diverse range of units trusts from Sanlam South Africa.
Investing for Growth. International Investments. Diversify your portfolio across global markets by investing offshore with Sanlam. Education Planning. Online Trading with Sanlam iTrade. Sanlam Tax-free Savings. It is never too late to start investing in your financial well-being. Here are some pointers on getting your money to start working for you:. This includes all debt, even if it is good debt. Your extra cash is better spent towards growing your net worth before anything else.
It may seem like a problem that is too big to tackle. The trick is to start by just clearing up your smaller debts and then work towards tackling the larger debt with the extra money that you have available. Take a moment and just do a quick calculation on what you pay monthly just on interest - imagine having those additional funds each month. As you pay off more debt, and then apply that money to the next debt, you begin to build momentum and you will be surprised how quickly you'll be debt-free.
Your budget is the best tool you have to give you control over your finances, this will allow you to make financial decisions at the beginning of the each month by telling your money where to go instead of later wondering where it went. Always pay yourself first - make sure putting a little away for the future is your number one objective.
Once you have mastered budgeting, you will be able to reach your financial goals more quickly and avoid debt. Now that you have a flowing stream of savings coming your way, you are ready to put it to work. The next step would be to choose a vehicle for growth that suits your lifestyle and your long- and short-term goals.
Consulting a financial planner can help you find the right fit. It is important to remember to diversify your portfolio - you should never want to have all of your money invested in a single spot, venture or business. The key to retirement is to start investing as soon as you can.
Your retirement savings are dependent as much on your ability to be patient and to leave your nest egg alone as it is on the contributions you make every month. Make sure you have a good financial planner to help you invest your money. A unit trust pools money from many investors, to invest in assets, namely shares, bonds or property. Instead of having to select individual investments yourself in hard to reach markets, a unit trust offers you exposure to a range of assets, which are selected and managed by investment professionals.
A unit trust is a smart way to save and beat inflation. As the cost of living increases, you need your money to increase with inflation, investing in a unit trust allows your money to do just that. Speak to a stockbroker about your investment goals. The JSE has a variety of products which can help you reach your desired goals.
One of these is a tax-free savings account TFSA. ETFs are ideal for first-time investors exploring the stock market. This is a book-based savings account made up of a group of individuals with similar goals, which allow them to save for a common purpose. Members contribute fixed sums of money to a central fund on a weekly, fortnightly or monthly basis with a better return on savings and interest rates. The group then decides on how that money is shared, whether it is a monthly pay-out, or invested and then shared at the end of the year.
Originally these were informal savings agreements, but it has evolved and banks are now offering savings products specifically designed for Stokvels. Individuals who are part of a stokvel can perform its activities outside of interference from the government. A share is one of the equal parts into which a company's capital is divided, entitling the holder to a proportion of the profits, if any are declared, in the form of dividends.
You don't need thousands of rands to start investing in shares. Buying shares is exactly what it says, you buy a share of the company. If the company goes broke, you are the last in line to be paid, so you may not get your money back. The value of your shares will go up and down from month to month and the dividend may vary. Another option to diversify your portfolio is to invest in something even more solid, such as Kruger Rands.
These gold coins tend to perform well in highly uncertain circumstances, and can provide protection against extreme market turmoil. Bitcoin is an online payment system. This system is peer-to-peer, and users can transact directly with each other all over the world almost instantly, without needing an intermediary such as a bank, Western Union , Moneygram, Paypal or any other company.
Bitcoin cash was created to give people a way to send and receive real money anytime, anywhere, without the intervention of banks and governments. Bitcoin cash has value because the holders of the Bitcoin core collectively agree that it has value. Such mutual agreement between thousands of buyers and sellers around the world enable Bitcoin cash to be used as medium of exchange in online transactions.
Subject to fluctuations in value that can be more sudden than government-backed currency. Investing in property is often seen as the safer and less volatile choice as it requires a long-term approach. There are various options to consider, namely buying a single home to live in as your investment, or investing beyond your home, in land to sell, commercial property or homes to rent out. Real estate is a favourable investment option because it does not only give you long-term growth, but it can be paid up completely and become your sole property whilst still generating an ongoing income if you choose to rent it out.
If your property increases in value, you will benefit from a capital gain when you sell. There may be times when you have to cover the costs yourself if you do not have a tenant or for repairs. A rise in interest rates will mean higher repayments and lower disposable income.
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