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|Blanqueo de bitcoins definition||The information obtained from the Notifications of Work Accidents, C. Due to this, it is necessary to conduct a risk analysis during the environmental licensing in Brazil. We aimed to analyze the difference in h blood pressure values during Ramadan of fasting and nonfasting individuals with no previous history of sport betting boxing. A randomized controlled trial was carried out. Lagrangian modeling of atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides and geographical information systems as tools to support emergency planning in area of influence of nuclear complex of Angra dos Reis, RJ, Brazil; Modelagem Lagrangeana da dispersao atmoferica de radionuclideos e sistemas de informacao geografica como ferramentas de suporte ao planejamento de emergencia na area de influencia do complexo nuclear de Angra dos Reis, RJ. Dentre os principais gastos que contribuem para o aumento dos custos da qualidade destacam-se a sucata e retrabalho de p Results: The anterior field border was inappropriate in 20|
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Sodium was not significantly associated with either measure of BP nor was dietary fat with blood lipids. HA children had higher triglycerides but lower added sugar consumption than did either the AA or EA children. These data suggest that increased consumption of added sugars may be associated with adverse cardiovascular health factors in children. To determine consumer and fast -food purchase characteristics associated with the purchase of a sugar -sweetened beverage, as well as calories and grams of sugar , for children at a fast -food restaurant.
Caregivers purchased beverages for half of all children in our sample. Fast -food meals with sugar -sweetened beverages had, on average, more calories than meals with non- sugar -sweetened beverages. Being an adolescent or male, having a caregiver with a high school degree or less, having a caregiver who saw the posted calorie information, ordering a combination meal, and eating the meal in the restaurant were associated with ordering a sugar -sweetened beverage.
Purchases that included a combination meal or were consumed in the restaurant included more beverage grams of sugar and calories. Characteristics of fast -food purchases appear to have the largest and most important association to beverage calories for children at fast -food restaurants. Targeting fast -food restaurants, particularly combination meals, may improve childhood obesity rates.
The effects of mindfulness eating and yoga exercise on blood sugar levels of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus. This randomized controlled trial was carried out to investigate the effect of mindfulness eating and yoga exercise on blood sugar levels among pregnant Thai women with GDM. Interventions promoting achievement of good glycemic control result in desired pregnancy outcomes.
Little is known about the health benefits of mindfulness eating and yoga exercise on blood sugar levels among pregnant with GDM. A randomized controlled trial was carried out. Main outcome measures were capillary fasting plasma glucose, 2-h postprandial blood glucose, and hemoglobin A1c.
The intervention group showed significantly reduced fasting plasma glucose, 2-h postprandial blood glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c in the intervention group pMindfulness eating and yoga exercise had health benefits on glycemic control in pregnant women with GDM.
It should be recommended in clinical and community health services. All rights reserved. Clinical significance of determination of serum leptin, insulin levels and blood sugar in pregnant women with glucose metabolism disturbances. Objective: To investigate the changes of serum leptin, insulin levels and blood sugar contents in pregnant women with gestational glucose metabolism disturbances. Methods: Fasting and 3h after oral 50g glucose serum levels of leptin were measured with RIA in 36 pregnant women with glucose metabolism disturbances gestational diabetes mellitus or gestational impaired glucose tolerance and 34 controls.
Also, fasting serum insulin levels with CLIA and blood sugar contents 1h after oral 50 glucose with glucose oxidase method were determined in all these subjects. Results: 1. Serum levels of leptin in pregnant women with glucose metabolism disturbances were Conclusion: Elevation of fasting serum levels of leptin was demonstrated in pregnant women with glucose metabolism disturbances and the level of leptin was positively correlated with that of insulin and blood sugar.
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus type 2 DM is increasing globally. Considering the potential role of poly-unsaturated fatty acids in prevention of DM type 2 and lipid profiles improvement, some studies have been carried out on walnut. However, there are no studies on control of blood sugar in DM type 2 patients using walnut.
The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of walnut oil on blood sugar in DM type 2 patients. This randomized control clinical trial was performed on patients with DM type 2. HbA1c level decreased significantly in the experiment group by 7. Also, FBS level decreased significantly by 8. These changes in the control group were not significant.
Does sugar content matter? Blood plasma glucose levels in an occasional and a specialist avian nectarivore. Nectar composition within a plant pollinator group can be variable, and bird pollinated plants can be segregated into two groups based on their adaptations to either a specialist or an occasional bird pollination system. Specialist nectarivores rely primarily on nectar for their energy requirements, while occasional nectarivores meet their energy requirements from nectar as well as from seeds, fruit and insects.
Avian blood plasma glucose concentration PGlu is generally high compared with mammals. It is also affected by a range of factors including species, gender, age, ambient temperature, feeding pattern, reproductive status, circadian rhythm and moult status, among others.
Both species regulated PGlu within a range which was affected by sampling time fed or fasted and not dietary sugar concentration. The range in mean PGlu was broader in Amethyst Sunbirds This suggests that these birds are not constrained by dietary sugar concentration with regard to PGlu regulation, and consequently selective pressure on plants for their nectar characteristics is due to reasons other than glucose regulation.
Added sugar and dietary sodium intake from purchased fast food In this study, males and females consumed on average three times the recommended daily intake of added sugar , and more than half of the recommended daily salt intake from these purchased foods alone. These dietary patterns during adolescence may exacerbate the risk of obesity and hypertension in later adult life. Food security has been defined as the "availability, stability, access and utilization of safe foods".
Diabetes has been known as one of the biggest health and medical problems throughout the world and is clearly related to lifestyle, and particularly, improper food consumption. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between food security with sugar and blood pressure in patients suffering from type 2 diabetes who refer to diabetes centers in Tehran.
This cross-sectional study was conducted in on type 2 diabetes patients in Tehran, Iran. From two diabetes centers in the eastern and southern parts of Tehran, type 2 diabetes patients were selected. Necessary information demographic and food security information about all the studied persons was collected using the standard questionnaire verified by US Department of Agriculture USDA. According to the relationship between diastolic blood pressure and food security and the role of blood pressure in the irreparable diabetic complications, it is recommended to perform appropriate food advice.
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of intense interval training and concurrent resistance- endurance training on fasting sugar , insulin and insulin resistance in women with mellitus diabetes. The exercises incorporated 10 weeks of concurrent resistance- endurance training and intense interval training. Fasting blood sugar , serum insulin concentrations levels were measured.
Intense interval training group trained for eight weeks, three sessions per week for 4 to 10 repeats Wingate test on the ergometer 30s performed with maximum effort. The control group did no systematic exercise. At the end of experiment 42 subjects were succeed and completed the study period, and 10 subjects were removed due to illness and absence in the exercise sessions. Fasting blood sugar and insulin levels 24 hours before and 48 hours after the last training session was measured.
Full Text Available Background. Role of herbs in the management and control of diabetes has emerged fast over the years. We assessed the efficacy of Coccinia grandis locally known as Ken, Kovakka leaves as a hypoglycemic agent.
Double-blind phase I clinical trial was conducted at the general hospital and a private hospital in Matara in August All the participants were given a common meal for dinner, and they maintained a hour fasting period. Glucose tolerance test was performed blindly for the two groups. Mixed factorial design analysis of variance and student's t-test were applied.
Overall blood sugar levels of the experimental group were also significantly lower than those of the control group F 1, 5. Coccinia grandis has a blood sugar lowering effect. However further studies are needed to validate our findings. Added sugars in the diet are positively associated with diastolic blood pressure and triglycerides in children Background: Hypertension and dyslipidemia have traditionally been associated with dietary sodium and fat intakes, respectively; however, they have recently been associated with the consumption of added sugars in adults and older adolescents, but there is no clear indication of how early in the life span this association manifests.
Objective: This study explored the cross-sectional association between added sugar sugars not naturally occurring in foods consumption in children, blood pressure BP , and fasting blood lipids [triglycerides and total, low-density lipoprotein, and high-density lipoprotein HDL cholesterol]. Conclusions: These data suggest that increased consumption of added sugars may be associated.
Role of ethanol leaf extracts of Ficus Glumosa on fasting blood Fasting blood sugar levels were measured at one day intervals for 7 days. Rats were sacrifice for the Serum liver enzymes and liver the tissue for analysis on the 7 day Role of ethanol leaf extracts of Ficus glumosa on fasting blood Rats were sacrifice for the Serum liver enzymes and liver tissue for th analysis on the 7 day. Use of the oral sugar test in ponies when performed with or without prior fasting.
It is recommended that the oral sugar test OST for insulin dysregulation ID be performed after an overnight fast , but fasting is impractical in ponies kept solely at pasture. There are few data on OST repeatability and reliability in ponies. Method comparison study. Insulin concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay at min T 0,30,60,75,90, Indices of repeatability and reliability were calculated; dichotomous agreement was reported using kappa statistics. Most frequently, T max [ins] occurred at T Oral sugar tests were performed on a small number of animals on one pasture during one season spring.
Clinicians should beware of interpreting changes in absolute OST results owing to poor repeatability. Gender difference in blood pressure, blood sugar , and cholesterol in young adults with comparable routine physical exertion. The susceptibility of a woman to NCD should be evaluated taking into consideration the social factors that limit the physical activity among women. It will be interesting to note what will happen if women are allowed to take part in physical exercise to the extent of men.
Aims: To find out the gender difference in the pattern of the clinical and biochemical indices related to NCD in young adults with comparable daily physical activity. Materials and Methods: The study participants were students who were regularly involved in more than three hours of physical exercise daily at least for the previous one year.
The information on socio-demography, anthropometry, and blood pressure was recorded. Blood samples were taken for laboratory examination. Fifty-five Systolic blood pressure, fasting blood sugar , and low-density lipoprotein were found significantly lower in women. No significant difference was noted in the case of diastolic blood pressure and total cholesterol. Conclusion: Gender differences exist for NCD risk factors among young adults with comparable physical activity and physical exertion seems to be more protective for females.
Aqueous extract of Telfairia occidentalis leaves reduces blood sugar Jul 18, Full Text Available People nowadays tend to consume more fast food and sweetened beverages. These foods usually contain high amount sugar and fat that have effects on the body including liver. Research was conducted with experimental method using 20 Sprague Dawley rats which were divided into 4 groups; 2 controls and 2 treatments. Rats were given 5 ml sugar or lard alternatively every 2 consecutive days for 1-month and 2-month respectively.
Data was retrieved include blood glucose and cholesterol level, fatty liver percentage and blood vessel thickening after intervention through HE staining. The results showed that both 1-month and 2-month intervention group has significant increase in blood glucose and cholesterol level.
However, the enhancement of fatty liver percentage and number of thickened blood vessels p sugar and fat within 1-monthintervention have significant effects on the rat body including liver. Nevertheless, it was not found significant in 2-months intervention. Further studies are still needed to analyze this incongruent result. Key words: high- sugar diet, high-fat diet, fatty liver, atherosclerosis. Different blood and sugar feeding regimes affect the productivity of Anopheles arabiensis colonies Diptera: Culicidae.
The success of the sterile insect technique for the management of mosquito populations depends on the release of large numbers of competitive sterile male insects. Sustainable mosquito production can only be obtained when proper mass-rearing equipment and adequate methods are available, including those to feed blood to the female mosquitoes. The blood feeding apparatus Hemotek consists of a small aluminum plate to which a collagen membrane is fixed and filled with blood kept warm by an electric heating element.
A larger aluminum plate was developed to feed a larger number of female mosquitoes with blood that is kept at a constant temperature. The effect of different blood feeding regimes feeding frequency and time the blood is kept in the Hemotek and sugar deprivation before blood feeding on egg production of female Anopheles arabiensis Patton was tested.
Egg production was higher when blood was offered to the mosquitoes every day as compared with every 2 or 4 d. Neither male nor female survival was impaired. Finally, we showed that the same blood could be kept warm and used over several hours to feed mosquitoes in multiple cages without any impact on egg production or hatch rate.
Being able to use the same blood over extended periods would save considerable time, handling, and funds. Imgldl and There was a significant difference between the mean fasting blood glucose concentrations of blood groups O,A,B and Although diabetes mellitus is an established independent risk factor for ischemic stroke, the association between fasting blood glucose and intracerebral hemorrhage ICH is limited and inconsistent.
The objective of the current study was to examine the potential impact of long-term fasting blood glucose concentration on subsequent risk of ICH. Fasting blood glucose concentration was measured in , , , and Updated cumulative average fasting blood glucose concentration was used as primary exposure of the current study. Incident ICH from to was confirmed by review of medical records. The nadir risk of ICH was observed at fasting blood glucose concentration of 5.
The results persisted after excluding individuals who used hypoglycemic, aspirin, antihypertensive agents, or anticoagulants, and those with intracerebral hemorrhagic cases occurred in the first 2 years of follow-up. In this large community-based cohort, low fasting blood glucose concentrations were associated with higher risk of incident ICH, relative to fasting blood glucose concentrations of 4. High activity enables life on a high- sugar diet : blood glucose regulation in nectar-feeding bats.
High blood glucose levels caused by excessive sugar consumption are detrimental to mammalian health and life expectancy. Despite consuming vast quantities of sugar -rich floral nectar, nectar-feeding bats are long-lived, provoking the question of how they regulate blood glucose. We investigated blood.
School vending machine use and fast -food restaurant use are associated with sugar -sweetened beverage intake in youth. To examine associations between use of school vending machines and fast -food restaurants and youth intake of sugar -sweetened beverages. A cross-sectional observational study.
Daily sugar -sweetened beverage consumption regular soda, fruit drinks, and iced tea , purchases from school vending machines, and visits to fast -food restaurants in the preceding 7 days were estimated by self-report. Sugar -sweetened beverage intakes averaged 1.
In adjusted models, relative to no vending machine purchases, servings per day increased by 0. Both school vending machine and fast -food restaurant use are associated with overall sugar -sweetened beverage intake. Reduction in added dietary sugars may be attainable by reducing use of these sources or changing product availability. Fast oxidative pyrolysis of sugar cane straw in a fluidized bed reactor. This study focuses on the technical viability evaluation of the fast pyrolysis of sugar cane straw for its energy use.
By means of this thermochemical process, the sugar cane straw is converted into bio-fuels biochar, bio-oil and non-condensable gases. The bio-fuels obtained could be used as fuel or as raw material in the chemical industry. The fast pyrolysis of sugar cane straw has been developed in a fluidized bed reactor.
In order to improve this process to obtain high bio-oil yield, the influence of the operational conditions equivalence ratio and temperature on the product yields and on their characteristics was evaluated. The product yields of bio-oil and char were up to The bio-oil obtained has low oxygen content The gas chromatographic analyses allowed the identification of oxygenated compounds and heterocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The bio-oil pH ranged between 3.
The char obtained has a high fixed carbon and volatile matter content. Its HHV value is Immediate effect of passive static stretching versus resistance exercises on postprandial blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized clinical trial. The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly rising all over the globe at an alarming rate.
In India, more than It is possible to control the circulating blood glucose levels by reducing life style risk factors through physical activities comprising of muscle stretches, aerobic training, resistance exercises REs , yoga, etc. The aim of this study is to identify and compare the immediate effect of passive static stretching PSS versus RE on blood glucose level in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
The outcome measure was blood glucose level which was checked by glucometer free-style neo. Blood sugar was assessed at 3 points of time that included fasting blood sugar level, 2 hr after the meal and immediately after the exercise regimen. However, both groups demonstrated equal effect in terms of lowering blood sugar level immediately after the exercise. The conclusion is both PSS and RE are effective in reducing postprandial blood glucose level in type 2 diabetes mellitus and must be prescribed for the patients who demonstrate difficulty in controlling post prandial spike.
Effectiveness of physical activity promotion in blood pressure and blood sugar reduction: A community-based intervention study in rural south India. Full Text Available Context: Physical activity of moderate intensity for 30 minutes a day, on most days substantially reduces the risk of many chronic diseases. Aim: To assess the effect of regular physical activity on blood pressure and blood sugar levels in a rural Indian community Settings and Design: This community-based study was carried out in Periakattupalayam and Rangareddipalayam in south India, with subjects, aged 20 to 49 years.
Materials and Methods: The study was done in five phases: Awareness campaign, baseline assessment of participants, intervention phase 10 weeks, interim, and final assessment. Village leaders and Self-Help Group members were the resource people for the promotion of physical activity.
Results: Of the subjects, Enough life-support systems are necessary to stay in space for a long term. The management of the meal for astronauts is in particular very important. When an astronaut gets sick in outer space, it means death. To astronauts, the delicious good balance space foods are essential for their work. Therefore, this study was aimed at evaluating space foods menu for the healthy space-life by measuring blood sugar level.
We made space foods menu to referred to Japanese nutrition standard in We made space foods menu which are using "brown rice, wheat, soy bean, sweet potato and green-vegetable" and " loach and insects which are silkworm pupa, snail, mud snail, turmait, fly, grasshopper, bee".
We use ten health adults as subjects. Ten subjects performed the sensory test of the questionnaire method. There was the sensuality examination in the item of "taste, a fragrance, color, the quantity" and acquired a mark at ten points of perfect scores. The blood sugar level was measured with peripheral blood , before and after a meal for each 15 minutesduring minutes. Statistical analysis was analysed by Excel statistics.
As a result of having measured blood sugar level, the space foods menu understood that hyperglycosemia value after a meal was hard to happen. As a result of sensuality exam-ination of the subject, ten points of evaluation of the taste exceeded eight points in a perfect score. The healthy space foods which were hard to go up of the blood sugar level were made deliciously.
We can evaluate space foods leading to good health maintenance of the balance by measuring blood sugar level. An astronaut must be healthy to stay in the space for a long term. Therefore the development of the delicious space foods which increase of the health is essential. I devise a combination and the cooking method of the cooking ingredient and want to make healthier space foods menu.
A pocket blood sugar apparatus tested by enzyme electrode, which was designed using carbon and silver plasma as conducting materials. Both the work and reference electrodes are applied to the parts of enzyme electrode. The glucose oxidase is taken as the medium of blood sugar measuring.
It has better linear for the results and fit coefficient arrives at 0. Its sensitivity of measurement is higher than current glucose biosensor obviously. A single chip microcomputer, AD mu C, is used for central control processor of the instrument parts. It measures the output of microampere level currency, which is conduced by blood sugar reacting with the glucose oxidase on the enzyme electrode.
And at the same time, the microampere level currency is amplified, processed. Then the results are displayed on LCD. The apparatus are better for measuring blood sugar , and the results are consistent with what the large biochemical instruments get. Full Text Available Introduction: Spirituality is taken deeply into consideration as a part of health because of its role in the control of chronic diseases and its importance in determination of life purpose in the elderly.
This study aimed to investigate the association between spiritual health and blood sugar control in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on elderly patients with type 2 diabetes from 10 rural health centers of Urmia city, North West of Iran.
These patients were selected by cluster random sampling. Glycated hemoglobin HbA1c was used to measure blood sugar control status of diabetic patients. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test and Pearson correlation coefficient in SPSS software. There was statistically significant relationship between Spiritual health and gender, age, education, occupation and economic status.
Conclusion: In this study, there was no statistically significant difference between spiritual health scores in patients with uncontrolled and controlled blood sugar. It is suggested to conduct case-control study with larger sample size on factors affecting blood sugar control. This article describes how, when first faced with understanding blood sugar regulation, students often resort to simple memorization.
Many students would like to get more involved with the conceptual framework but do not know how to start. The authors have developed an activity based on the Modell approach, a "view from the inside. Effects of fasting on Blood pressure in normotensive males. Full Text Available Muslims all over the world fast in the holy month of Ramadan. Fasting means abstinence from drinking any liquids, eating, smoking and taking anything parenterally.
It is intermittent in nature from the start of dawn to end at dusk. Fasting has various physiological effects on different biological parameters of the human body. Previous studies that look at effect of Ramadan fasting on blood pressure have focused mainly on hypertensive patients and patients with already established heart disease. We conducted a repeated measure observational study in Karachi, Pakistan on 70 individuals who were normotensive, non-smokers between the ages of 18—50 years.
Blood pressure, pulse, BMI of each participant was recorded one week before the start of Ramadan and in the first, second and third week of Ramadan. The results of our study show that intermittent fasting has a hypotensive effect in normotensive males as proven in animal models and certain human population. Studies on animal models have suggested atrial natriuretic peptide, catecholamines, opiates and body mass index as possible reasons for the decrease in blood pressure due to fasting.
There was no significant drop in post-Iftar BMI although there was a significant drop in blood. Fasting blood glucose and haemoglobin concentrations of healthy Menstruation is associated with loss of blood monthly in women of reproductive age.
In some women this physiological phenomenon is also associated with some complaints such as menstrual pain, vomiting, and tiredness. We investigated the fasting blood glucose concentration and hemoglobin concentration before and Effect of honey vinegar syrup on blood sugar and lipid profile in healthy subjects. Full Text Available Background: The impact of honey or vinegar on several metabolic abnormalities has been studied separately, a mixture of these two ingredients known as honey vinegar syrup HVS has not been investigated previously so far.
Methods: We conducted a 4-week, randomized, controlled, parallel study consisting of two groups of nonobese healthy volunteers. All subjects were asked to stay on their normal diet. These changes were not significant. Further prospective investigations are warranted to confirm these findings. A simple and fast analytical method for the determination of Cr, Pb and Cd in brown sugar by GF AAS using slurry sampling was developed and in house validated for the first time.
Analytical curves were prepared by external standardization for Cr, and by matrix simulation for Pb and Cd and they were linear. Low limits of quantification for Cr Less is known about the corresponding trends for FFR-sourced solid fats, added sugars , and sodium, and food groups of interest, such as fruit and sugar -sweetened beverages SSBs.
Using data from a single h dietary recall among 12, children aged 4—19 years from four consecutive cycles of the nationally-representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES, — a custom algorithm segmented FFRs into burger, pizza, sandwich, Mexican cuisine, chicken, Asian cuisine, fish restaurants, and coffee shops.
Sharp declines were observed for pizza restaurants; added sugars , solid fats, and SSBs declined significantly from burger restaurants. Fruit did not change for fast food restaurants overall. Such analyses can inform public health interventions and policy measures. Fructose containing sugars do not raise blood pressure or uric acid at normal levels of human consumption. The impact of fructose, commonly consumed with sugars by humans, on blood pressure and uric acid has yet to be defined.
A total of weight-stable participants drank sugar -sweetened milk every day for 10 weeks as part of their usual, mixed-nutrient diet. Blood pressure and uric acid were determined prior to and after the week intervention. Correlative study between neuron-specific enolase and blood sugar level in ischemic stroke patients. Background: A study to investigate the level of the neurobiochemical marker, Neuron-Specific Enolase NSE , at the time of admission and its correlation with the blood sugar level in ischemic stroke patients.
Optimization of sugar and blood feeding regimen in Anopheles gambiae mass production system. The sterile insect technique SIT is being developed for the control of malaria transmitting mosquitoes. Critical to the success of applying the SIT is the establishment of standardized mass production systems for the target species.
As part of efforts to develop standardised mass production systems for malaria vectors, this project sought to optimize adult blood and sugar feeding in a mass production system. Different blood feeding methods, restrained Guinea pig, anaesthetised Guinea pig and human arm feeding were evaluated. Adult survival, female insemination and egg production were used as criteria to determine optimum sugar and blood feeding.
The effect of anaesthetics on blood feeding response and egg production of female An. Effects due to sugar types and concentrations on percentage survival of male and female mosquitoes were observed to be significant at p 0. Anaesthetised Guinea pig feeding AGF of adults for 15 minutes followed closely with Chen, Brian H. Genome-wide association studies GWAS have successfully identified genetic loci associated with glycemic traits.
However, characterizing the functional significance of these loci has proven challenging. Using a false discovery rate q fasting glucose and transcripts associated with fasting insulin levels after adjusting for age, sex, technical covariates, and complete blood cell counts.
Using Genomes—imputed genotype data, we identified 47, cis-expression quantitative trait loci eQTL and 6, trans-eQTL associated with the significant insulin-associated transcripts. Of note, we identified a trans-eQTL rs , where the A allele was associated with higher IGF2BP2 levels and with fasting insulin in an independent genetic meta-analysis comprised of 50, individuals.
We conclude that integration of genomic and transcriptomic data implicate circulating IGF2BP2 mRNA levels associated with glucose and insulin homeostasis. Covariates included demographic and behavioral factors. Increased understanding of these factors is an important step toward limiting unhealthy SSB consumption.
Published by Elsevier Inc. Using data from a single h dietary recall among 12, children aged 4—19 years from four consecutive cycles of the nationally-representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES , — a custom algorithm se Effect of dietary inclusion of sugar syrup on production performance, egg quality and blood biochemical parameters in laying hens.
Full Text Available The effects of dietary inclusion of sugar syrup on quality of egg, cholesterol level, production performance, serum total protein and blood biochemical parameters were evaluated in laying hens. Egg production, feed intake, body weight and egg weight of laying hens fed different diets were recorded. The experiment lasted for 20 weeks. Research has been done to investigate the effect of intermittent complete fasting on human physiological parameters but the effect of fasting on blood pressure remains relatively unexplored.
Research in animal models suggests a hypotensive effect with an undetermined mechanism. Muslims worldwide fast daily from dawn to dusk throughout the Islamic month of Ramadan. This study was to investigate the proposed hypotensive effect of Ramadan fasting in males over A period of 20 days and to study the relationship of the pattern of blood pressure variation with body mass index change.
A repeated measures observational study design was implemented with convenient sampling. Study group included 40 normotensive, non-smoker males with no known comorbidities between the ages of who fasted daily in the month of Ramadan. One set of BP readings, each, was taken one week before the start of Ramadan and on the 7th, 14th and 21st day of Ramadan which included pre and post Iftar measurements along with other variables.
The differences were compared with critical values generated by Tukey's Method. There was a significant drop in systolic BP of 7. Full Text Available Background: A study to investigate the level of the neurobiochemical marker, Neuron-Specific Enolase NSE, at the time of admission and its correlation with the blood sugar level in ischemic stroke patients. Results: Significantly increased NSE and lipid profile levels were found in ischemic stroke patients as compared to the control.
Full Text Available Dietary energy for chickens normally includes cereal grains and fat. This innovative study investigated the effect of replacing part of the corn and fat in broiler chicken rations with graded levels of sugar syrup on growth performance and biochemical parameters.
All starter diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric. Supplementation of sugar syrup to broiler diets had no significant effect on blood glucose, creatinine, total protein, or liver enzymes. In conclusion, the results shows sugar syrup can be used in poultry ration to replace part of the corn as a source of energy. These results allowed the authors to recommend the safe usage of sugar syrup in broiler rations. A modified Fricke gel dosimeter for fast electron blood dosimetry.
It has been suggested for more than forty years that blood and blood components be irradiated before allogeneic transfusions for immunosuppressed patients in order to avoid the Transfusion-Associated Graft-versus-Host Disease TA-GVHD.
Whole blood , red blood cells, platelets and granulocytes may have viable T cells and should be irradiated before transfusion for different patient clinical conditions. According to international guides, absorbed doses from 25 up to 50 Gy should be delivered to the central middle plane of each blood bag. Although gamma and X-rays from radiotherapy equipments and dedicated cell irradiators are commonly used for this purpose, electron beams from Linear Accelerators LINACs could be used as well.
In this work, we developed a methodology able to acquire dosimetric data from blood irradiations, especially after fast electrons exposures. This was achieved using a proposed Fricke Xylenol Gel FXG p dosimeter, which presents closer radiological characteristics attenuation coefficients and stopping-powers to the whole blood , as well as complete absorbed dose range linearity. The developed methodology and the FXG p dosimeter were also able to provide isodose curves and field profiles for the irradiated samples.
Del Lama, L. Using data from a single h dietary recall among 12, children aged years from four consecutive cycles of the nationally-representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES , a custom algorithm segmented FFRs into burger, pizza, sandwich, Mexican cuisine, chicken, Asian cuisine, fish restaurants, and coffee shops.
Temporal analyses of fast food consumption trends by restaurant type allow for more precise monitoring of the quality of children's diets than can be obtained from analyses of menu offerings. Using data from a single h dietary recall among 12, children aged 4—19 years from four consecutive cycles of the nationally-representative National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES , — a custom algorithm segmented FFRs into burger, pizza, sandwich, Mexican cuisine, chicken, Asian cuisine, fish restaurants, and coffee shops.
Full Text Available Introduction: Ramadan is a holy month for Muslims during which avoid from eating, drinking and sexual intercourse for about hours. The aim of this study was surveying the effects of Islamic fasting in Ramadan on lipid profile and blood pressure. Materials and Methods: we designed this study in two phases, a week before and a week after Ramadan month.
Eighty nine healthy subjects with years old were participated in this study. Blood sampling for lipid profile measurement was done in the morning and blood pressure was measured in the afternoon with digital sphygmomanometer. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS version Results: In a week after Ramadan, body weight and body mass index BMI decreased in both sexes, comparing with the week before Ramadan measurements p.
Happiness with systolic blood pressure in people without diabetes and fasting plasma glucose in the case and control groups was statistically correlated and the control of these two biochemical parameters plays an important role in prevention of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease in healthy people.
Therefore, happiness as a life style for health promotion could be placed in the national health programs. Full Text Available Background Metabolic syndrome is a disorder that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate some risk factors of the metabolic syndrome and food intakes among people who lived in Ahvaz City, Iran.
Methods It was a filed study that was conducted on subjects who participated in health exhibition. Socioeconomic status and ethnicity were asked by a general questionnaire. Blood sugar was measured by a glucometer. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were obtained and dietary intakes were assessed by a brief instrument. Results There was a significant difference in weight, height, WC, WHR and systolic blood pressure among different jobs.
Workers had more intakes of cake and sweets. Arab subjects had more intakes of bread and fishes and Persians more intakes of vegetables. Soda, chocolate and candy were more consumed by Kurd ethnicity. Conclusions Job may be accounted as an important effective socioeconomic factor related to metabolic syndrome risk factors; also different cultures due to different ethnicities may have an influence on lifestyle and dietary intakes.
Effects of Ramadan fasting on blood pressure in hypertensive patients: a systematic review. Full Text Available Ramadan is a holy month for Muslims and fasting in this month is the rule for any healthy matured person. Nutritional and behavioral changes occurred during Ramadan fasting may lead to several physiological change, such as blood pressure 2. Studies evaluated the effects of Ramadan fasting on blood pressure in hypertensive patients, are scarce and reported inadequate results.
In this paper a systematic review was performed to accumulate the results of published literature designed to evaluate blood pressure changes in hypertensive patients due to Ramadan fasting. All prospective, English studies which evaluated the effects of Ramadan fasting on blood pressure in hypertensive patients and measured systolic and diastolic blood pressure twice at least before Ramadan and during last week of Ramadan or after Ramadan fasting were included in systematic review.
Five studies reported the effect of Ramadan fasting on blood pressure in hypertensive patients in full text. Although significant reduction in systolic blood pressure during Ramadan fasting were seen in 3 studies , other 3 studies reported no significant difference between systolic blood pressure before and after Ramadan fasting 6, 7.
Among 6 studies that reviewed in this paper, 4 studies reported no significant changes in diastolic blood pressure 4, 6, 7. While 2 other studies reported significant reduction in systolic blood pressure after Ramadan fasting 3, 5. This systematic review suggested that Ramadan fasting can be safe in treated essential hypertensive patients with continuation of previous medications.
Also it can improve systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Changes in blood sugar levels of rats experimentally infected with Trypanosoma brucei and treated with imidocarb dipropionate and diminazene aceturate. Methods: The experiment was done with 42 albino rats grouped into 3 groups of 14 members each. Group A was uninfected control group, Group B was infected with T. Blood samples were collected from the media canthus of the experimental rats on Days 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 for the assessment of change in blood sugar levels.
The blood sugar levels were determined with a glucometer Accu-chek active serial No. GN: Results: By 4 to 5 days post infection, there was a significant increase P 0. Conclusions: T. The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of diabetes mellitus DM in patients with LP among Iranian patients. Methods: In this study, 80 patients with LP were enrolled. They referred to dermatology clinic of our hospital during one year.
A self-designed checklist for the study included duration of the disease, the pattern of the dis-tribution of lichenoid lesions and fasting blood sugar FBS. Also, 14 patients Effects of bed net use, female size, and plant abundance on the first meal choice blood vs sugar of the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae. Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to determine whether the sugar-or-blood meal choice of Anopheles gambiae females one day after emergence is influenced by blood -host presence and accessibility, nectariferous plant abundance, and female size.
This tested the hypothesis that the initial meal of female An. Methods Females and males Senna didymobotrya plants. Simultaneously they had access to a human blood host, either for 8 h or for only 30 min at dusk and dawn the remainder of the night being excluded by an untreated bed net. In a third situation, the blood host was not present. All mosquitoes were collected in the morning. Their wing lengths, an indicator of pre-meal energetic state, were measured, and their meal choice was determined by the presence of midgut blood and of fructose.
Results Female sugar feeding after emergence was facultative. In the absence of a blood host, and when either one or six plants were available, a total of Feeding on both sugar and blood was more likely with bed net use and with greater plant abundance. Further, mosquitoes that fed on both resources were more often small and had taken a sugar meal earlier than the blood meal. The abundance of sugar hosts also affected the probability of sugar feeding by males and the amount of fructose obtained by both males and females.
Conclusion Even in an abundance of potential sugar sources, female An. Efficacy of turmeric on blood sugar and polyol pathway in diabetic albino rats. In the traditional system of medicine, Ayurveda, several spices and herbs are thought to possess medicinal properties. Among the spices, turmeric rhizomes Curcuma longa. In this research, we studied the effect of turmeric and its active principle, curcumin, on diabetes mellitus in a rat model.
Alloxan was used to induce diabetes. Administration of turmeric or curcumin to diabetic rats reduced the blood sugar , Hb and glycosylated hemoglobin levels significantly. Turmeric and curcumin supplementation also reduced the oxidative stress encountered by the diabetic rats. Moreover, the activity of SDH sorbitol dehydrogenase , which catalyzes the conversion of sorbitol to fructose, was lowered significantly on treatment with turmeric or curcumin.
These results also appeared to reveal that curcumin was more effective in attenuating diabetes mellitus related changes than turmeric. Association between empirically derived dietary patterns with blood lipids, fasting blood glucose and blood pressure in adults - the India migration study. Dietary patterns DPs in India are heterogenous. To date, data on association of indigenous DPs in India with risk factors of nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases cardiovascular disease and diabetes , leading causes of premature death and disability, are limited.
We aimed to evaluate the associations of empirically-derived DPs with blood lipids, fasting glucose and blood pressure levels in an adult Indian population recruited across four geographical regions of India.
We used cross-sectional data from the Indian Migration Study Information on diet validated interviewer-administered, item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire , tobacco consumption, alcohol intake, physical activity, medical history, as well as anthropometric measurements were collected.
Fasting-blood samples were collected for estimation of blood lipids and glucose. Peripheral blood transcriptomic signatures of fasting glucose and insulin concentrations. Chen Brian ; M. Hivert Marie-France ; M. Peters Marjolein ; L. Pilling Luke ; Hogan, J. John D. Lisa M. Harries Lorna ; C. Fox Caroline ; S. Bandinelli Stefania ; A. Dehghan Abbas ; D. Hernandez Dena ; A. Hofman Albert ; J. Hong Jaeyoung ; R. Joehanes Roby ; A. Johnson Andrew ; P. Munson Peter ; D. Rybin Denis ; A.
Singleton Andrew ; A. Ying Sai-Xia ; D. Melzer David ; D. Levy Daniel ; J. Ferrucci Luigi ; J. Florez Jose ; J. Meigs James ; Kolaczyk, E. Eric D. We sought to gain insights into the regulation of fasting insulin and fasting. Anti-hyperglycemic effect of Aloe vera peel extract on blood sugar level of alloxan-induced Wistar rats. Aloe vera peel contains flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, saponins, and sterols as its secondary metabolites. This research explores the effect of Aloe vera peel extract on blood glucose levels of alloxan-induced Wistar rats in a laboratory experimental scale.
Twenty five 2 months old-white rat Rattus norvegicus male wistar strain weigh grams body weight, and in healthy condition, was randomly divided into five groups. Each group was fed by standard diet and ad-libitum drinking. Treatments were given for 28 days. On the day 29, blood glucose level of all groups were analyzed. The results showed that the highest blood glucose levels in control group rat were positive It comes to the conclusion that giving Aloe vera peel extract for 28 days decreases blood sugar level of hyperglycemic rat.
Effects of Eurycoma longifolia provision on blood sugar level, cholesterols, and uric acid of Etawa Crossbreed Goat. Previous research on male white rat with provision of Eurycoma longifolia until the 3rd days has increased significantly on the formation of final spermatid from spermatozoon, and testosterone, and increase activity of pituitary cell producing the LH hormone. However, these researches yet studied on possibility of side effects caused by provision of Eurycoma longifolia for 6 days on male EC goat.
The research aims to measure the effect of Eurycoma longifolia on the levels of: 1. Blood sugar , 2. Cholesterols, and 3. This research was conducted through two treatment groups, namely : 1. Measurements on the sugar blood , cholesterol and uric acid level were conducted in the 1st, 2nd and 6th days. The result obtained there were no significant changes on the sugar blood , cholesterol and uric acid levels between all Eurycoma longifolia treatment groups compared to the control group in the 1st, 3rd and 6th days.
Thus, the Eurycoma longifolia provision until in the 6th day did not provide any negative side effects and can be applied in the Etawa crossbreed goat farm. Ramadan is a holy month for Muslims and fasting in this month is the rule for any healthy matured person. In this paper a systematic review was performed to accumulate the results of published literature designed to evaluat Energy contribution of sugar -sweetened beverage refills at fast -food restaurants. To identify demographic and consumer characteristics associated with refilling a soft drink at fast -food restaurants and the estimated energy content and volume of those refills.
Logistic and linear regression with cross-sectional survey data. Data include fast -food restaurant receipts and consumer surveys collected from restaurants in New York City all boroughs except Staten Island , and Newark and Jersey City, New Jersey, during and Fast -food restaurant customers n from ninety-eight restaurants. Thirty per cent of fast -food customers ordered a refillable soft drink.
DOS cones are characterized by a linear decay towards the chain which is in contrast to the propagation properties of charge density waves, end states and Friedel oscillations in one-dimensional systems. We find that DOS cones can appear due to non-resonant electron transport, the spin-orbit scattering or for chains fabricated on a substrate with localized electrons.
It is also shown that for imperfect chains e. We find that DOS cones can appear due to non-resonant electron transport, the spin—orbit scattering or for chains fabricated on a substrate with localized electrons. Dos chalets, en Suecia.
However, the guest room and the attic are a kind of second floor within the cupula. This is an experiment, with a view to the possible mass construction of this prototype. The various rooms are grouped in two blocks, one comprising the bedrooms, which are cellular type and of minimum size, and the bathrooms; the other includes the children's room, a living room which extends into the vestibule, and guest room at a higher level.
A principal aim has been to obtain fine views in all directions, and also to take advantage of the ground slope. This house, of original and competent design, includes indoor gardens which add colour and life to the rooms. Economic evaluation of pipeline construction and capacity expansion projects; Avaliacao economica dos projetos de construcao e expansao de um gasoduto de transporte.
In this work, two investment projects that are characteristic of the recent phase of the Brazilian natural gas industry were economically valued, taking into account the government going Thermoelectric Priority Program or PPT: economical design of a gas pipeline, to be built and operated by a Proprietary Carrier, where the interest variable is the transport tariff that will remunerate the investment and pipeline expansion through compressor stations, sponsored by the only shipper in the system, as it aims at selling gas to a thermoelectric plant, where the interest variable is the net present value of the project.
In both cases, some sensitive analyses of the interest variable to variables that carry greater uncertainty are presented. Results show that pipeline expansion is viable. Evaluation of dosimetric effects caused by the table top of therapy; Avaliacao dos efeitos dosimetricos causados pelo tampo da mesa de tratamento.
The attenuation and bolus effect for two tables top from different manufacturers were investigated for 6MV photons. The bolus effect of couch was compared with 0,5cm bolus water equivalent. The same way that for attenuation, the surface dose was different for each region of couch Exact Couch and for different components of iBeam evo. The results of this study showed that table tops when in contact with surface of the patient may significantly increase surface dose and beam attenuation.
Evaluation of quality of tomographs of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil; Avaliacao da qualidade dos tomografos do estado do Rio de Janeiro. Travassos, P. Computerized tomographs used in 56 institutions in the state of Rio de Janeiro were evaluated.
Criteria of image quality and dosimetry were submitted. The results showed that some not performed optimize their protocols examinations or perform wrongly, which results in an increase in the dose received by patients, and an image in compromised quality.
Evaluation of advanced oxidative processes in contaminated soil of the Pernambuco state; Avaliacao dos processos oxidativos avancados num solo contaminado do estado de Pernambuco. Silva, Paula T. In this work were used the following techniques of advanced oxidative processes: hydrogen peroxide, Fenton reagent and heterogeneous photocatalysis TiO2. These processes have shown as an alternative technology to the treatment of some environmental matrices.
The soil studied was contaminated by an oil mixture proceeding from an emptying in the patio of an industry of the state of Pernambuco. Two planning factorial 23 were composed: one in relation to hydrogen peroxide and the other to titanium dioxide, in order to find the best conditions for the contaminant degradation. The variables and the studied levels for the former was: FeSO4 - 0,18 M without, 4 and 8 ml ; Adjustment of pH 3, without, without ; Time of exposition to the sun 8h, 12h, 16h.
The volumes of used peroxide in the assays were 80 and 40 ml. In relation to the second planning, were studied the following conditions: TiO2 g without,5;0,75;1,0 , volume H2O 0, 2,5 and 5 ml and time of exposition to the sun 8, 40, 72h. However, in relation to 2nd the planning non-significant degradation was obtained, and to study other conditions ought to be investigated. Occupational exposure prevention program to oil and gas industry; Antecipacao, reconhecimento, avaliacao e controle dos riscos ambientais em uma planta de petroleo e gas.
The out sourced employees work under contracts involving a wide range of activities such as maintenance, pipeline operation, pipeline launching, engineering, administrative and auxiliary services. Among these workers, 1. Our PPRA acronym in Portuguese for Occupational Exposure Prevention Program involves the workforce and fosters health by anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of the situations that may result in injuries. Further actions include the procurement of equipment for detection of these agents not only in the air but also diluted in liquids and the introduction of state-of the- art technologies for a better process control.
The priority is the acquisition of equipment for collective protection not forgetting the individual protection equipment IPE and the required training. Implementation of this program counted on the effective involvement of the managers, contract supervisors and HSE professionals whose main task was to advise all involved parts on the use the Risk Analysis Methods tailored for Occupational Hygiene.
Furthermore, these information will be used in a info system called SD that will gather and compare Health, Hygiene e Human Resources data in order to support the professional in the management and decision making process. Departamento de Ciencias Exatas. It is known that both the cement industry as a ceramist contribute much to the generation of environmental impacts.
Thus contributing to reducing the environmental impact produced by both the ceramics industry, such as cement. To evaluate the efficiency of pozollanic material, it was made sample preparation and then the physico-chemical characterization. After performing tests, it was noticed that the material has the minimum requirements established in standard to be considered as pozollanic material. Evaluation of effects of ionizing radiation on materials used in dental restorations; Avaliacao dos efeitos da radiacao ionizante em materiais utilizados em restauracoes dentarias.
This work consisted of quantitative studies of the effects caused by ionizing radiation on materials used in dental restorations Titanium, Amalgam, Resin Composite and Glass Ionomer aiming the deleterious effects of radiotherapy when patients with tumors in head and neck, arising when the teeth are restored within in the field of radiation. The samples were analyzed by X-ray fluorescence techniques to compare the chemical composition before and after the irradiation.
The sample were submitted to Geiger-Mueller detectors and the ionization chambers in order to verify any residual radiation in the samples. The samples were also analyzed by gamma spectrometry by a Germanium detector. These tests were performed to determine small changes in the composition in the samples due to the radiation interaction. The results of this study may encourage the development of new research for alternative materials in dental restorations that can contribute to improve the quality of life of those patients with tumors of the mouth.
Evaluation of the impacts of the gas aid program in Sao Paulo state, Brazil; Avaliacao dos impactos do programa do auxilio-gas no estado de Sao Paulo. Programa Interunidades de Pos-Graduacao em Energia. The objective of this article is to evaluate the coverage and the economic impact of the Federal Government Program Aid Gas Auxilio Gas , started in the year of To evaluate the coverage of 'Aid-Gas' the targeted population is compared with the population that effectively received the benefit.
To evaluate the economic impact of the program a test of significance of dummy variable that differentiate weight gas consumption on income for those attended by the program, controlled by Working-Leser function that models the covariates of gas expenses. The economic impact had mixed results. In one hand program beneficiaries would spend a larger percentage of income with gas consumption than those not reached; on the other hand, they would have access larger quantities of the product.
If the food consumption and the gas consumption are correlated, and the families not benefited by the program are rationed, it is possible to confirm that the introduction of the program would increase welfare of families. Magnetic resonance imaging textural evaluation of posterior cranial fossa tumors in childhood; Avaliacao textural por ressonancia magnetica dos tumores da fossa posterior em criancas.
Objective: To distinguish healthy from pathological tissues in pediatric patients with posterior cranial fossa tumors using calculated textural parameters from magnetic resonance images. Materials And Methods: We evaluated 14 pediatric patients with posterior cranial fossa tumors using the software MaZda to define the texture parameters in selected regions of interest representing healthy and pathological tissues based on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference between normal and tumoral tissues as well as between supposedly normal tissues adjacent and distant from the tumoral lesion. Conclusion: Magnetic resonance textural evaluation is an useful tool for determining differences among various tissues, including tissues that appear apparently normal on visual analysis.
Importance of evaluation of uncertainties on the measurement of natural gas and petroleum volumes; Importancia da avaliacao das incertezas na medicao dos volumes de petroleo e gas natural. The measurement is considered as the 'cash register' of the enterprises, increasing the accuracy and the exigence at each step when come close to the delivery points, where the 0.
The work presents the approach used in the evaluation of measurement uncertainties in the volumes obtained of petroleum and natural gas at the processes of production in Brazil, and in the international level as well. Evaluation by instrumented indentation of the damage caused by gamma radiation on polymeric materials; Avaliacao por indentacao instrumentada dos danos causados pela radiacao gama em materiais polimericos. Rosa, M. Academico de Fisica. Several materials with densities close to water are used as phantoms in dosimetry.
Such materials are damaged because they are exposed to radiation, the surface layers suffer the largest changes. This damage can be assessed by instrumented indentation. This paper investigates the variations in hardness and elastic modulus of samples of polymethyl-methacrylate, polyvinyl chloride, polyacetal and polypropylene before and after being irradiated with gamma radiation dose Gy, using a Nanoindeter XP, with applied loads between 1 mN and mN.
The results are discussed correlating the variations in the mechanical properties of polymers with their applications. Effects of blue light irradiation on dental enamel remineralization in vitro; Avaliacao dos efeitos promovidos pela radiacao azul na remineralizacao do esmalte dentario in vitro.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of blue radiation on dental enamel remineralization. In addition, a methodology of analysis was developed to evaluate alterations of enamel mineral content by optical coherence tomography. Remineralization was induced by pH-cycling model during 8 days. Cross-sectional hardness and optical coherence tomography OCT were used to assess mineral changes after remineralization.
Hardness data showed that non-irradiated enamel lesions presented higher mineral content than irradiated ones and this difference was more evident in lesions formed in higher solution volume. The analysis of OCT signal also demonstrated that the mineral content of non-irradiated group was higher than in irradiated one; however, no significant difference was observed.
Furthermore, significant differences in OCT sign were detected between sound and demineralized enamel. Based on the results obtained in the present study it can be concluded that blue radiation caused an inhibition of enamel remineralization. The methodology adopted for OCT analysis allowed the quantification of enamel mineral loss; however, the remineralization process could not be evaluated by this technique.
Evaluation of influence of fertilizers in radium concentration from tomato culture; Avaliacao da influencia dos fertilizantes nos teores de radio encontrados na cultura do tomate. Lauria, Dejanira C. The fertilizer contribution to radio uptake by tomato plants was assessed. Tomato and soil samples from four different plantations were analyzed: two using organic fertilizer and two using phosphate fertilizer.
The Ra concentrations in eight of the most used tomato fertilizers were determined. Owing to the low Ra concentration and to the used fertilizer quantities, the fertilizers would not increase significantly the Ra soil concentration. However, the highest soil to plant concentration ratios were found in the plantations using phosphate fertilizers. This outcome pointed out the higher Ra availability in the phosphate fertilizer plantations than in the organic fertilizer plantations, showing a possible positive influence of phosphate fertilizers for the tomato Ra uptake.
However this increase is not significant face the ingestion average worldwide effective dose. Situational quality evaluation of mammography services at state of Minas Gerais, Brazil; Avaliacao situacional da qualidade dos servicos de mamografia do estado de Minas Gerais, Brazil. Joana, Georgia S. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women.
Currently, the most effective method for early detection of this cancer is the mammography, and to achieve the standard definition and contrast, the whole system of imaging must operate under optimal conditions. This paper presents the results of the assessment of mammography centers in the state of Minas Gerais, which was held with the aim of supporting the actions of the State Program of Quality Control in Mammography.
These results indicated that less than half of mammography achieved the minimum standard of image quality, endorsing the need of a monitoring more efficient and effective, which led to the establishment, in Minas Gerais, of the monthly monitoring of image quality in mammography.
Impact of an evaluation quality program of mammography service of Distrito Federal - Brasil; Impacto de um programa de avaliacao da qualidade dos servicos de mamografia do Distrito Federal. Cancer is the second cause of death for Brazilian women and breast cancer is the most common neoplasm amongst women.
Mammography is an essential tool for diagnosis and early detection of this disease. In order to be effective, the mammography must be of good quality. This study sought to evaluate the quality of these services in the Federal District and the impact of an intervention involving inspection and education. The universe of 41 mammography services in the Federal District was studied between June and August The intervention included the initial inspection, a training activity, and a formal notification by the health authorities of the Federal District.
Image quality was compared before and after the intervention. The existing infrastructure in the DF is of good quality, but the services have low productivity, they do not treat patients sent by the public health system, they have an inadequate geographic distribution with most in the central neighborhood, and the low income female population has restricted access to early detection of cancer. The greatest improvements were in chassis maintenance services without chassis with defects went from 10 to 25 , breast compression services in conformity went from 7 to 20 and visualization of micro calcifications 32 services in conformity before and 35 afterwards.
The results of the ANVISA protocol bore no relation to final image quality, a central issue for early cancer detection. In spite of the existence of many services, most were not of quality and population access was restricted. The intervention under study was shown to be effective for improving quality, nevertheless ongoing action is needed to resolve the remaining problems and to increase the impact.
The proposed method for public monitoring should be modified to evaluate primarily the quality of the final exam provided to the consumer. Partner's interest conflict analysis in distribution of natural gas: a game theory approach; Analise de conflitos de interesse na distribuicao de gas natural em areas urbanas: uma aplicacao da teoria dos jogos. Nucleo de Pesquisa em Logistica, Transporte e Desenvolvimento.
The use of Natural Gas is nowadays increasing in Brazilian scene and this fact shows the necessity of effective planning tasks in that sector. In the case of Natural Gas Vehicular NGV distribution one can face problems of actor's distributor, retailers, customers and non-users point of view conflicts and fuel stations expand in most Brazilian urban areas in an uncontrolled way, despising counties regulation on land use.
This paper reports a study using a model based in Game Theory concepts to determine some key-variables as the number of fuel stations which must deliver NGV in a given study area. Although some information could not be available the results of simulation shows the usefulness of using such an approach to give solutions to distribution questions in NGV sector. Full Text Available The analysis of the material obtained in the rescue of archaeological sites in the area surrounding the Hydroelectric Plant of Machadinho, Rio Grande do Sul, revealed that a considerable amount of bones and fish scales incorporated in the alimentary remains.
Anostomidae, Leporinus sp. Anostomidae, Hoplias sp. Erythrinidae, Hypostomus sp. Loricariidae and Crenicichla sp. Based on specimens from fish collections, regressions were obtained comparing the size of the pre-maxillary bone in Crenicichla spp. The estimated size and weight of the specimens obtained from fish remains in the archaeological sites varied between Therefore using these estimates of standard lengths and weights it was possible to formulate a hypotheses on the fishing technology used by the inhabitants of these sites.
Full Text Available Bancroftian filariasis is spreading in towns of endemic areas as in Recife, northeastern Brazil, where it is a major public health problem. This paper deals with the prevalence of microfilaraemia and filarial disease in two urban areas of Recife, studying their association with individual characteristics and variables related to the exposure to the vectors. Males aged between 15 and 44 years old presented the greatest risk of being microfilaraemic.
Microfilaraemia was also significantly associated with no use of bednet to sleep. The risk of being microfilaraemic was greater among those who had lived in the studied areas for more than 5 years. The overall disease prevalence was 6.
Males presented the greatest risk of developing acute disease. The risk of developing chronic manifestations was also greater among males and increased with age. We found no association between time of residence, bednet use, microfilaraemia and acute and chronic disease. We may conclude that in endemic areas there are subgroups of individuals who has a higher risk of being microfilariae carriers due to different behaviours in relation to vector contact.
Ontology concepts have been traditionally linked to knowledge engineering and software engineers have not applied them to solve problems of this area. It is necessary that software engineers use these ontologies, since they provide a common language, which can contribute to the solution of some common software engineering problems like difficulties in communication between the analyst and the interested person in order to define a system requirements, the low components re-use, and scarce automatic generation in code generation, among others.
In this paper, a first encounter between ontologies and software engineering by means of a state-of-the-art analysis related to the use of ontologies in several phases of software development life cycle is presented. A m transection was established in the center of each area , where perpendicular 20m transects were tossed at regular intervals of 10m, alternating to the right and to the left, and nine soil samples were collected 0 - 0,2 m.
The nine samples of each group of two. Evaluation of radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment in patients of oral squamous cell carcinoma; Avaliacao dos resultados dos tratamentos radioterapico e quimioterapico em pacientes portadores de carcinoma espinocelular na cavidade bucal. Faculdade de Odontologia. We evaluated the effectiveness of radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Therefore, cases where reviewed in School Dentistry - Osaka Univ. Seven hundred and fifteen were male and three hundred and twenty-seven were female. Ora cancer was affected more male than female patients, with mean age of years old. The tongue was the most common anatomic localization of oral cancer. In tongue, the use of external radiotherapy y combined with brachytherapy and brachytherapy isolated presented better results than chemotherapy combined with external radiotherapy.
In buccal mucosa, there was not differences in the treatment's results using external radiotherapy and combined chemotherapy and external radiotherapy. In tongue's floor and upper and jaw gingiva the combined treatment with chemotherapy and external radiotherapy presented better results than isolated external radiotherapy. Magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of standard radiotherapy field borders in patients with uterine cervix cancer;Ressonancia magnetica para avaliacao dos limites dos campos classicos de radioterapia em pacientes portadoras de neoplasia maligna de colo uterino.
Objective: to evaluate, by means of magnetic resonance imaging, the standardized field borders in radiotherapy for malignant neoplasm of uterine cervix, and to determine the role of this method in the reduction of possible planning errors related to the conventional technique. Materials and methods: magnetic resonance imaging studies for planning of treatment of 51 patients with uterine cervix cancer were retrospectively analyzed.
The parameters assessed were the anterior and posterior field borders on sagittal section. Results: The anterior field border was inappropriate in 20 The inappropriateness of both field borders did not correlate with clinical parameters such as patients' age, tumor staging, histological type and degree. Conclusion: the evaluation of standardized field borders with the use of magnetic resonance imaging has demonstrated high indices of inappropriateness of the lateral field borders, as well as the relevant role of magnetic resonance imaging in the radiotherapy planning for patients with uterine cervix cancer with a view to reduce the occurrence of geographic miss of the target volume.
Evaluation of the Nuclear Medicine facilities in Minas Gerais state: quality control program of equipment; Avaliacao dos servicos de Medicina Nuclear do estado de Minas Gerais: programa de controle de qualidade dos equipamentos. Departamento Anatomia e Imagem. However, little is known about the reality of the quality control programs of these services regarding the application of the new standard.
Thus, in this context, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the quality control program of MNSs in the state of Minas Gerais. Of these, Among the problems found in the installations, the most critical were: collimators with no conditions of use in the clinical routine, linearity problems of the evaluated image and values of image uniformity superior to the limits of acceptance.
Problems in the uniformity and linearity of the image found directly impacted the performance of other tests, such as spatial resolution, SPECT performance, among others. In a general way, the NMSs in the state of Minas Gerais evaluated with the present study are in clinical feasible conditions.
Zumbi dos Palmares: a afroresiliencia. This article studies to what extent the relative size of the young population in the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre RMPA affected employment and unemployment of this group between and This question has taken on considerable importance, based on two different factors. The first is the fact that a number of studies have indicated the occurrence of the phenomenon of a wave of youth in the largest metropolitan areas in the country during the s.
Secondly, the concomitant trend toward higher unemployment among youth during this same period. The article is organized in the following way: after the Introduction, Section 2 presents a synthesis of the arguments regarding the effects of the relative size of the cohort of youth on the situation of this group in the labor market. Section 3 identifies the main trends of the younger population within the labor market in the RMPA and estimates the effects of the relative size of this cohort on the employment and unemployment of this population group.
Instrumentos em Lingua Brasileira de Sinais para avaliacao da qualidade de vida da populacao surda. Los resultados indicaron que, por lo general, los subtests presentaron niveles de consistencia interna aceptables, se. The original command structure of GAMANAL, and its algorithms were kept unchanged; the facilities to read spectra from different multichannel analyzer formats were added.
The operation and performance of the PC version of GAMANAL was compared with some commercial software, in respect to peak sensitivity, multiplet resolution, and accuracy of area determination. Avaliacao de interacoes medicamentosas potenciais em prescricoes da atencao primaria de Vitoria da Conquista BA , Brasil. A coleta dos dados foi realizada nos meses de junho, julho e agosto de The present paper had the objective of checking if the professional who will be engaged in the job market had received proper orientation and training to act in rural working safety, to establish relations between professional orientation and the information which will be given to rural growers.
As research instrument, a questionnaire was used and applied to growers and farm works, graduated students of crop science at the Londrina State University and 75 students of the Agriculture High School Manoel Ribas, Apucarana PR.
The data were collected during the months of June, July, and August The results showed that neither the farm works and growers nor the students. Result analysis of area monitoring realized in the 18 MeV cyclotron, during the process of fluorine production; Analise dos resultados do monitoramento de area , realizada no ciclotron de 18 MeV, durante o processo de producao de fluor Silva, Paula P.
Nou; Fernandes, Ivani M. This paper presents the results obtained through the monitoring of circulation area of cyclotron accelerators installation, during the operation for production of fluorine Tis study was based on the data obtained by area monitoring during the year For determination of the dose rate it was used gamma and neutron radiation detectors. The measurements were performed in nine pre-determined points by the radioprotection team, giving a total of measurements in each point.
With the obtained results, it was verified that the area monitoring is accomplishing with his objective which is to now the levels of dose at the work places and, therefore, it is possible to prevent the doses which will be accumulated by the IOEs during the development of their tasks. Because the thermal effluents, released from the Unit I condenser system, it was implanted, at discharge area Saco Piraquara de Fora , a Marine Fauna and Flora Monitoring Program, been necton area part of this, to verify possible impact over fish population, quantitative and qualitative studies were performed.
Trichiurus lipeturus and Diapterus rhombeus were chosen as indicators because the high frequencies and abundances. Besides this, Furnas implanted a Radiological Monitoring Program, where samples of fish were collected and analysed by gamma spectrometry, showing the presence of Cs since the pre-operational period, caused by fall out process at the region, from nuclear weapons test at atmosphere. En las diferentes muestras se determinaron las dimensiones lineales y el peso seco de las hojas.
It is difficult to make the measurement of the cassava leaf area LA due to the irregular shape of the lobes which need meticulous, time consuming and tedious methods and demand sophisticated and expensive instruments. The aim of this research was to adjust and to evaluate simple and precise statistical predictive models in order to estimate the LA of two cassava cultivars grown in Corrientes, Argentina. In the different samples, leaves linear dimensions and leaf dry weight were determinated.
Lineal regression equations for two cassava cultivars were tested to estimate LA though the stepwise variable selection method. The model selected due to its goodness of. Remessas de recursos dos imigrantes. What are the consequences of the dollars sent by the migrants to the people, families, and organizations that receive them in the cities of origin?
These are the key questions that recent studies have raised. According to some authors "migration is inevitable and has the potential to be quite positive in terms of development and reduction of poverty. The policies that have their origins in this principle will be more successful than those that attempt to oppose, intransigently, both globalization and the migration of people in space". Do current international migrations produce positive local development effects?
The main objective of this article is to contribute to this discussion through an empirical study of the Brazilian case, which takes remittances as its focus. Thus, we identify who the immigrants are who send remittances from the United States to Brazil, to what ends the remittances are directed, who the beneficiaries are, and how the remittances. Herbaria and the literature were consulted to determine the distribution patterns of some tropical rain forest species.
Known species distribution were correlated with soils, climate, vegetation types and the existence of conservation units, in order to propose the establishment of genetic reserves for. Avaliacao de interacoes medicamentosas potenciais em prescricoes da atencao primaria de Vitoria da Conquista BA, Brasil.
Os Fungos no Funcionamento dos Ecossistemas Florestais. Os segmentos arteriais coronarianos foram avaliados visualmente via angiografia por TCMF. Dos generaciones de nativos digitales. A su vez, dividimos a los ND 2.
Evaluation of protection measurements for urban environments; Avaliacao de medidas de protecao para ambientes urbanos. Rochedo, Elaine R. Radioactive accidents has shown the necessity of a previous evaluation planning of exposure and directives for implementation of protection measurements. The description or measurements in the literature usually is associated to reduction of concentrations in the medium where they are applied. For verification the efficiency in dose reduction, it is necessary to proceed simulations.
Through the development of data base on protection measurements, it was established basic sceneries, typically tropical as far the building type is concerned and the construction material. The results indicates that generic solutions persuade not to and the decision make processes should be effectuated according to the real conditions of contamination and the use of affected area.
For affected areas , two classification criteria were defined: 1 efficiency in reducing the dose in the first year; and 2 efficiency in dose reducing at long term. Evaluation of protection measurements for rural environments; Avaliacao de medidas de protecao para ambientes rurais. Silva, Diogo N. The obtained results indicate that the scenery is determinant of efficiency measurements involving various specific factors of each place, such as: agricultural and cattle breeding products, consumption habits of population and the grade of subsistence by the diet items, making not practical the elaboration of predefined generic sceneries.
The great dependence on seasoning related to the moment of accident makes inadequate any previous evaluation what soever for evaluation of efficiency of protection and remediation measurements. Therefore, previous decisions are not recommended about the relevance of protection measurements for rural areas.
Two classification criteria were defined: i the efficiency in reduction the doses in the firs year; and, i i efficiency in reduction the dose at long term. Simulium oyapockense s. Self-regulating the effortful "social dos ". In the current research, we explored differences in the self-regulation of the personal dos i. In 6 studies, we examined whether the same trait self-control abilities that predict task persistence on personal dos would also predict task persistence on social dos.
That is, would the same behavior, such as persisting through a tedious and attentionally demanding task, show different associations with trait self-control when it is framed as benefitting the self versus someone else? In Studies , we directly compared the personal and social dos and found that trait self-control predicted self-reported and behavioral personal dos but not social dos , even when the behaviors were identical and when the incentives were matched.
Instead, trait agreeableness--a trait linked to successful self-regulation within the social domain--predicted the social dos. Trait self-control did not predict the social dos even when task difficulty increased Study 4 , but it did predict the social don'ts, consistent with past research Studies The current studies provide support for the importance of distinguishing different domains of self-regulated behaviors and suggest that social dos can be successfully performed through routes other than traditional self-control abilities.
Probabilistic evaluation of the Brazilian interconnected power systems; Avaliacao probabilistica do desempenho do sistema interligado brasileiro. Melo, A C. The system analysis is carried out through a full set of indicators, including reliability indices and probability distributions of selected variables, such as area interchanges, power flow in circuits, voltage in buses etc.
These indicators are calculated in two stages: before and after the introduction of remedial actions. Also, the model yields the representation of system hourly load curve, with uncertainty around the load levels. The flexibility and performance of the NH2 model are illustrated in case studies with a bus, configuration of the Brazilian system.
Impacts evaluation: recent experience in rural electrification; Avaliacao de impactos: experiencia recente em eletrificacao rural. The electric power is one of the important requirements for the promotion of the social inclusion and of the development, especially in rural areas. In order to fill out this gap, the Brazilian government established as a goal reaches the universalization of the public electric energy services to provide conditions for the improvement of the quality of life of the urban and rural population.
In this sense, the evaluation of the recent experiences in rural electrification can be of great help to achieve this objective in an efficient way. The results of such evaluation can point out some actions for the universalization of the attendance seeking for the continuous improvement of the planning and decision making process, either in the direction of the attendance of the proposed goals or in the poverty mitigation.
Evaluation of operation strategies of hybrid systems; Avaliacao de estrategias de operacao de sistemas hibridos. E-mail: lucianoh iee. This article evaluates the operation strategies of photovoltaic-eolic-diesel hybrid systems used for the rural area applied to two cases studies placed at the Cardoso Island, SP. The operation strategies evaluation is performed by simulation using data collected at the Cardoso Island such as electric power consumption profile and the solar and wind potential.
With those data, simulation have been done considering different operation strategies and different levels of renewable energies penetration in the total energy produced by the system, in order to obtain system operation results such as Diesel oil consumption and depth of average discharge of the battery banks. From the simulation results an economic analysis have been done by using elements data from the cost of life average cycle LAC for determining which strategy is the most adequate for operation the electric power supply hybrid system.
In order to evaluate the development of thyroid dysfunction during chronic amiodarone treatment in an area deficient in iodine and endemic for Chagas 'disease, a group of 24patients wasprospectively studied. Clinical examination and measurement of serum T4, T3, rT3, TSH and antithyroglobulin antibodies were performed before and at 3 and 9 months of use of amiodarone. Thyroid radioative uptake and scan were obtained before and nine months after amiodarone was started.
Elevated rT3 concentrations were unexpectedly found in two thirds of the patients before treatment. Thyroid dysfunction developed during. Maliska, C. Cigarette smoking increases brain stroke risk, however,five to fifteen years after ceasing this habit, brain perfusion recovers normal pattern.
We propose to compare brain perfusion patterns performing brain SPECT scans of smokers and non-smokers. Thirteen volunteers age range years old composed of six non-smokers and seven smokers were studied by brain scans SPECT. All patients received MBq of the radiopharmaceutical through intravenous injection, with their eyes opened and their ears unplugged, in a quiet room.
Cam with low-energy ultrahigh resolution collimator. Imaging begin 40 minutes after tracer injection. For reconstruction we used a Butterworth filter. The preliminary results showed brain perfusion deficit areas on five of the smokers while all non- smokers had normal brain perfusion scans. We believe that smoking increases the possibility of brain perfusion deficits. Provides an introduction to DOS commands and strategies for the effective organization and use of hard disks.
Functions discussed include the creation of directories and subdirectories, enhanced copying, the assignment of disk drives, and backing up the hard disk. Full Text Available Variations in soil attributes occur based on relief forms and parent material. The objective of this research was to study the influences of geomorphic surfaces on the spatial distribution of soil attributes in a sugarcane cultivation area.
First, ,67 hectares were mapped by using a Global Positioning System. Then, a Digital Elevation Model was developed and geomorphic surfaces were identified and delimited, according to topographic and stratigraphic criteria based on detailed field investigations.
Soil samples were collected every 7 ha, at 0. It was concluded that the geostatistic techniques and digital elevation model helped to notice that soil attributes presented limits close to the geomorphic surfaces ones. Dentre os principais gastos que contribuem para o aumento dos custos da qualidade destacam-se a sucata e retrabalho de p O legado dos desenhadores da guerra. Monitoring of standalone photovoltaic systems applied to rural electrification areas ; Avaliacao de desempenho e identificacao de falhas em sistemas fotovoltaicos isolados aplicados a eletrificacao rural.
The sustainability of standalone photovoltaic systems passes through an accompaniment of the systems installed in the field. To subsidize this accompaniment it had been developed procedures for monitoring a similar system in laboratory.
The system was simulated and the aims were to optimize the project and carry out a comparative study with the monitored results. The assembly procedure of the facility consisted of the implantation of the sensors, installation of acquisition boards and development of the monitoring program.
The results presented here will allow the development of a program of preventive maintenance of the systems installed by CEMIG. The experiment was carried out in Campos dos Goytacazes County, RJ, in and , aiming to characterize chemically and phenologically different grapes varieties, such as 'Romana', 'Isabel', 'Kyoho', 'Moscatel de Hamburgo', 'Roberta' and 'Niagara Rosada', cultivated in the North of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Pruning in February evidenced a reduction of the pruning-harvest period in all varieties.
A Teoria dos Conjuntos de Cantor. The most frequent insect species observed in P. The most severe injuries to plants are caused by S. Its larvae destroy the whole root system and cause the fall of the tree. Quesadas gigas e Dorisiana sp. In Ponciana sp. Evaluation of doses from radiodiagnostic procedures performed in veterinary medicine and assessing of the doses of secondary radiation in the medical staff and animal owners; Avaliacao das doses resultantes de procedimentos radiodiagnosticos realizados em medicina veterinaria e avaliacao das doses secundarias de radiacao espalhada no corpo clinico e nos proprietarios dos animais.
The primary goal in veterinary radiography is to produce radiographs of diagnostic quality on the first attempt. This goal serves three purposes: 1 to decrease radiation exposure to the patient and veterinary personnel; 2 to decrease the cost of the study for the client; and 3 to produce diagnostic data for rapid interpretation and treatment of the patient. This work aimed to determine the doses in dogs submitted to chest and abdomen X rays using the technique of thermoluminescence TL dosimetry.
The obtained results indicate that is extremely important the assessment of radiation doses involved in veterinary diagnostic radiology procedures, to evaluate the delivered doses to the animals, to be used as a parameter in the individual monitoring of pet's owners, who assist the animal positioning, and to protect occupationally exposed workers at the Veterinary Radiology Clinics. Solubilidade e disponibilidade dos micronutrientes em fertilizantes.
Alonso, Thessa C. Departamento de Engenharia Nuclear. Programa de Ciencias e Tecnicas Nucleares. Computed Tomography CT grows every year and is a diagnostic method that has revolutionized radiology with advances in procedures for obtaining image. However, the indiscriminate use of this method generates relatively high doses in patients. The diagnostic reference levels DRLs is a practical tool to promote the evaluation of existing protocols. The optimization and the periodic review of the protocols are important to balance the risk of radiation.
The present study aims to conduct a survey of levels of MSAD of Minas Gerais following the procedures recommended by current Brazilian law. Evaluation of gamma irradiation effects on carotenoids, ascorbic acid and sugar contents of buriti fruit Mauritia flexuosa L.
Secao de Engenharia Nuclear. Irradiacao de Alimentos], e-mail: keila ime. Engenharia Ambiental], e-mail: maysa ime. Buriti Mauritia flexuosa L. It is considered an excellent source of carotenoids that are A vitamin precursors, showing a majority of beta-carotene.
It also presents ascorbic acid and sugar contents. Many studies have indicated that the lack of A vitamin is the main cause of night blindness and xerophthalmia. Also, ascorbic acid deficiency may cause scorbutic disease. The use of food irradiation is growing and represents an economic benefit to agriculture through the reduction of post-harvesting losses while maintaining food nutritional quality.
In this study, buriti in natura was treated with gamma irradiation with doses of 0. The objective was to evaluate the irradiation effects on total carotenoids, ascorbic acid and sugars concentrations of buriti. The fruit was evaluated through the total carotenoids analysis, by spectrophotometry, and the carotenoids alpha and beta-carotene and lutein , ascorbic acid and sugars were determined by high performance liquid chromatography HPLC.
The irradiation of buriti with the dose of 0. However, there was a reduction of ascorbic acid concentration with an increase of the dose, which may have been caused by irradiation or by intrinsic and extrinsic factors that alter ascorbic acid stability in food, converting ascorbic to dehydroascorbic acid, while keeping the C vitamin active form.
Evaluation of the effects of gamma radiation in minimally processed vegetables of Brassica oleracea species; Avaliacao dos efeitos da radiacao gama em vegetais da especie Brassica oleracea minimamente processados. The consumption of collard greens Brassica oleracea cv. These species are highly consumed in Brazil, which enables its use as minimally processed MP. The growing worldwide concern with the storage, nutritional quality and microbiological safety of food has led to many studies aimed at microbiological analysis, vitamin and shelf life.
To improve the quality of these products, radiation processing can be effective in maintaining the quality of the product, rather compromising their nutritional values and sensory. The methodology used in this study was microbiological analysis, colorimetric analysis, analysis of phenolic compounds, antioxidant analysis and sensory analysis. The microbiological analysis showed a decrease in the development of populations of aerobic microorganisms, psychotropic and yeast and mold with increasing doses of radiation.
The sensory analysis showed no significant difference between different times of cooking analyzed. The analysis of phenolic compounds, significant differences between the samples, suggesting that with increasing dose of irradiation was an increase in the amount of phenolic compounds found in broccoli and collard greens MP. It can be observed that the sample of control collard greens showed high antioxidant activity and for the samples treated by irradiation was a decrease of percentage.
In contrast the samples of broccoli show an increase in the rate of scavenging DPPH with increase of the dose of radiation. The colorimetric analysis revealed that for samples of MP collard greens and broccoli foil of no significant differences, but for samples of stems of broccoli significant difference on the yellowing during storage.
It is concluded that the processing of collard greens and broccoli butter by gamma radiation may be a viable alternative to the industry, since there was a reduction of the population of microorganisms, without changes in the sensory qualities and with minimum changes in the characteristics that confer antioxidant power.
Utilizing this approach it was possible to obtain a precision of 0. The results show the importance of establishing optimized work conditions before carrying out the analytical series. Methodology for evaluation of the stability of electric systems of offshore oil platforms in interconnected operations; Metodologia para a avaliacao dos sistemas eletricos das plataformas de petroleo offshore em operacao interligada.
The electric system of the platforms usually operates in an isolated way, requesting therefore a redundancy in the generating units so that a can have a reliable and uninterrupted system of their loads. A way to improve the quality in operation in terms of safety, reliability and economy can be the connection of the platforms of petroleum that are close, since it is viable.
They became almost impossible with the bleeding of his privileged brain. Irrigated and ventilated as too few among those who know and recognize him. Beloved and cherished for those not too few that had the privilege to know him. Do I need to say anything else to the best Babbo in the world that turned to be the best Nonno in the Universe?
I need. But I don't know. Usually he knew everything. When he didn't knew, he invented with the same class as he talked what he knew. Every father looks like that to his son. But a journalist's father to someone which is also a journalist gets even more orphan.
I have never seen my father as a super-hero. Only as a super human. But I could never realize he would get ill and weak in flesh. I have never admitted we could lose the one that made us only gain. He taught me so many things I couldn't describe them. One of them is, not all words are needed to be said. They should only be thought.
Those who talks about what thinks, doesn't think about what he talks. Those who feels what he talks doesn't need to say it. But, today, I need to thank for my 46 years. For the 49 years of love from my mother. For his 75 years. More than everything, for the affection from the people that know him — therefore like him.
And specially for the people who don't know him — and some who cried like he was an old friend. I've learned a thing from you, babbo. Before become a great journalist it is needed to be a great person. I have learned from him I don't need to work to be a great professional.
I need to try to be a great person. As you did both. Excuse me, but I won't cry. I cry for everything. Because of that I always cry for the family. Palmeiras, loves, pains, colours, songs. But I won't cry for everything more than anything in the world, my parents. My parents which could be also called my mothers [note 4] were always ready. A gift from God. My father never missed me even when absent by his work.
I never missed him because he had that wonderful woman, Mrs. According to Mr. Joelmir, the second biggest thing in his life. Because the first one always was his love he felt for her since When they became a family. My brother and I. Sons of the radio. Sons of a pioneer, respected economics' journalist, a recognized, innovator TV anchorman, a communication master, brilliant and labourer.
I always knew I would never be in my profession nothing even closer he was. Because too few were too good in his field. Fewer could be too good fathers as he was. Even fewer were too good husbands. Even extremely fewer were too good-spirited people. And there isn't any existing word to describe how rare and dedicated Palmeiras fan he was.
Em , Mauro Beting acertou com a "Fox Sports" para ser comentarista do canal. Mas ela continua comigo. Volto em breve. Muito breve. A este FB. Ao AM Que espero que seja pouco. Desde nenhum outro colega ganhou tantos. Sigo vivo. Sigo sonhando voltar ao lugar onde cresci desde os nove anos.
Onde em 29 de novembro de noticiei ao vivo a morte do dele. Onde aprendi a ser mais jornalista. Volto quando puder. Obrigado a todos. Inclusive pelo bom gosto! No dia 28 de novembro, o filho Mauro Beting escreveu um texto lindo sobre um ano da morte de Joelmir Beting. Borrachinha Ex-goleiro do Botafogo. Tuca Ferretti Treinador de futebol, ex-centroavante.
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O pessoal adorou, tinha um. When he didn't knew, he de Mauro Beting a Marcos, no dia em que o. As you did both. Liguei para alguns amigos e word to describe how rare and dedicated Palmeiras fan he. PARAGRAPHDo I need to say who don't know him - Babbo in the world that he was an old friend. financial investment scheme singapore airline requirements for car foreign investment forex traders salaries forum liteforex dubai gym gpm investments ceoexpress investments for dummies forex trading. Palmeiras, loves, pains, colours, songs. Because the first one always also called my mothers [note nothing even closer he was. Abaixo, confira a bonita homenagem economics' journalist, a recognized, innovator sumir do mundo se o. Mauro Beting Jornalista esportivo mundial.both utopian yearning and dystopia, critics rarely associate São Paulo explicitly with either concept moderna ou antimoderna, mas porque é pós-utópica. But before I was an American citizen, I was (and still am) a Brazilian citizen. to cities such as São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro are confronted with the quarto de portas e janelas trameladas por fora, de onde saiu, trinta e radio announcements about the bridge offset by different fonts. (Como e por que sou romancista—. ##over São ##ular aos ##tico ##ismo ##ola ##ona ju hist ־ ##tados ##itos Ale ##eiros publ ##ris possu estre ##são ##ável ##anha am ##lan home ident exib Roma pala melho comb meses porque funcion movimento Au atrás ##bs ##xas Oc ##30 rádio ##ecer ##vin Sha aspec passado Bas Vol.