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An investmentfonds wikipedia free fund also index tracker is a mutual fund or exchange-traded fund ETF designed to follow certain preset rules so that the fund can track a specified basket johann pfeiffer iforex underlying investments. Index funds may also have rules that screen for social and sustainable criteria. An index fund's rules of construction clearly identify the type of companies suitable for the fund. Additional index funds within these geographic markets may include indexes of companies that include rules based on company characteristics or factors, such as companies that are small, mid-sized, large, small value, large value, small growth, large growth, the level of gross profitability or investment capital, real estate, or indexes based on commodities and fixed-income. Companies are purchased and held within the index fund when they meet the specific index rules or parameters and are sold when they move outside of those rules or parameters. Think of an index fund as an investment utilizing rules-based investing.

Siemens vorstand ederer investment edward jones investments login page

Siemens vorstand ederer investment

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Financial Services. Real Estate. Other Services. Industrial Goods. Basic Resources. Other Industrials. Diplomatic Missions. Latest News. Coronavirus in Austria. UK in Vienna. UN Vienna. The closing date for the submission of applications for the second mobile licence is 20 January , and the closing date for the second fixed line licence is 27 January The Saudi government planned to issue one or more fixed-line and mobile licences by the year-end, to help break STC's monopoly in fixed-line services, adding at least one more mobile operator to the market the existing mobile players are STC and Etisalat-owned Mobily.

However, in August , the regulator said that it needed to delay the licensing process until at least end According to Reuters , the reason behind the delay is that some frequencies that would be allocated to the new operator s as part of a licence are already used by "some government institutions"; the regulator therefore has to recover these frequencies before any licences can be issued.

Thus, the launch of the tender process for both the fixed and mobile licences implies that the frequency issue has now been resolved. The market currently has two mobile players, the fixed-line incumbent STC and the Etisalat-owned Mobily, which launched commercial services in May last year.

Competition for the mobile licence is expected to be fierce, owing to the regionally high GDP-per-capita rates in Saudi Arabia and the still-lagging penetration rate by Gulf standards. European, Gulf, and Asian operators are expected to dominate the auction. Go to overview of operators per country including ownership. Country Info - ICT. In a recent interview with Mmegi, Noorjehan Khan, managing director of Properties and Homes said that her company was the first to bring the system into the country.

Khan explained that the sharp security spikes deter intruders from climbing over walls or fences and a fibre optic cable running through the system detects any attempted intrusions. She said that Star Walls Perimeter Security Systems can be linked to a normal domestic or industrial alarm and is "live" 24 hours a day.

Noorjehan added that Star Walls Security Systems are ideal for airports, factories, warehouses, golf estates, game farms, private homes, police stations, retirement villages, animal sanctuaries and townhouse complexes. Some of the features that make the new system a competent deterrent, she disclosed, are that it has rotating spikes, which make it virtually impossible to climb over boundary walls.

The Star Walls R2 Disturbance Detection unit is ideal for palisade and mesh fences, gates, gun safes and shipping containers. Unlike electric fencing, it is maintenance free. No huge electricity bills and a low false alarm rate. They have nylon-toughened rotating spikes which cannot rust and carry a year warranty. Rotating spikes are neat and unobtrusive, yet highly effective.

The investment required is negligible when compared to the safety and security of your family and possessions," she said. She further added that the rotating spikes make it impossible for one to grab onto them and they cannot be cut like razor wire or flattened like the old metal spikes, she said. They look neat and tidy and enhance the appearance of walls, yet intimidating to would-be intruders. They are quick and easy to install, requiring no special tools," she said.

Khan said that this former is a revolutionary intelligent intrusion device that senses the kinematic behaviour of structure. Kinematical behaviour of structures is processed by onboard algorithms to distinguish between deliberate intrusion attempts of a structure and unwanted effects like environment interaction. This sensor will detect physical disturbance on the structures, but will also monitor movement or tilt of valuable assets.

Insense will therefore guard against physical intrusion attempts or the moving of valuable assets. A strong feature of the Insense sensor is that the alarm processing software will reject environmental conditions such as changes in temperatures and disturbances caused by wind and rain. Detection parameters can be set to achieve the best balance between probability of detection and nuisance alarms," she explained. Speaking about the Moduteq fibre unit she said that it is a high-tech perimeter security solution that enables you to know about an intruder before he or she gets to you.

The detection technology, she disclosed, uses fibre optic cable as the medium for detection. The control unit will report any deflection by the cable. Alarms reported by other detection systems are often caused by the environment and regarded as false alarms. The Moduteq Fibre Unit also has a unique feature, which carries out automatic analysis of the environment.

After analysis of the environment and typical alarm conditions, the unit will automatically determine detection parameters," she said. In a bid to aggressively fight crime, the security industry has a new gadget to protect property. Go to original source cipaco. The people needed phones. They wanted to be able to reach each other and be part of the modern world. Fortunately, a revamped operator, the Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC, passed the test of giving Nigerians phones in more numbers than we could ever think about.

Then the unanticipated happened. Nigerians were used to living in the dark, at least about 80 per cent of the Nigerian people had learnt to live without power. Outages mean an existence and a possibility that power could come. But nothing compared to what would come at the advent of a robust telecom sector, beginning from the year , mostly signposted by the coming of global system for mobile communications, GSM.

If the country's power sector was anaemic, the GSM technology came with glaring details that the energy sector had been most backward and remained the number enemy to development in the country. Unlike other technologies in the communications sector, the GSM technology is mostly powered by base stations if signals must travel far.

But the base stations themselves have to be powered by constant supply of energy, otherwise any outage would mean that signals would not be available in that particular location. This is where Nigeria failed the test.

A country that couldn't supply power for domestic use couldn't go close to providing for industries. If power generators had ever been bought before, now demand went up at least ten fold. Looking at the situation as it was then and as it has continued to be, one expert who plugged in to provided succour in the sector has said that a major industry exists in the energy sector and called on government to take appropriate actions that would encourage investment in the sector.

Speaking to Hi Tech in Lagos last week, Engr Emmanuel Nwaoshai, boss of Power Systems Limited, remarked that a lot of potentials exist in the power sector and called for full liberation of the sector. In his words: "Government should privatise the energy sector as planned.

They should encourage private initiative in the sector. The government should not only issue licenses but also provide suitable policy framework for operation and commitment for their workability. There should be regular stakeholders feedback and participation in the review of the policies from time to time. If necessary the government must accept some form of rebate to support the initiative as well as provide the necessary legal backings. This is no empty talk.

Having operated in the industry for years especially as related to telecoms, Nwaoshai knows the road map very well and what is left to be done. He saw a gap and rose very quickly and early too to fill it. His company, Power Systems, provides clean and stable power to most of the telecom operators and some other blue chip companies which dread to contemplate a power bust up. By deploying high quality products from France and the United Kingdom, highly trained and skilled personnel and large spare parts stock, we contribute to the need of the telecoms sector to have steady power.

This also ensures their preservation and enhances their performance," he told us. Nwaoshai, like so many others, holds the opinion that the more the power sector stabilises the more the telecom industry could grow and be in a position to give job to more people. Besides, he also reasoned that because the ICT sectors use equipment that carry out millions or even billions of operations per second, any little fluctuation or break in power could result in malfunction, damage or even loss of data.

There is therefore the overriding need for special protection which his company provides but a more enduring protection from the state that should come through stabilization of the energy process. When this happens, the sector will simply open up. There is a very large and untapped market that we can add value to their operations by providing healthy power, he pointed out. The Telecoms sector has a great future as more Nigerians need to talk and more data from one destination to the other.

So instead of people sticking to their small dens of operations, more competition should be encouraged and support given to government and other private initiatives that can encourage growth in the sector, he advised.

Asked to suggest ways to help meet the energy demands for the industry, he declared almost immediately: Through the Federal Government's current drive to increase capacity by encouraging private sector initiative, using independent power generation synchronised to the national grid.

Research on alternative and cheaper source of fuel such as the biofuel technology presently deployed in some parts of the country. Finally, availability of skilled and technical and management personnel to support power sector. Professional companies also must be involved, he suggested. He however, noted that no matter the level of development, local expertise will always be needed to clean up the power for the use of the various industries.

In yet another new cooperation programme signed by the Governments of Rwanda and Belgium, the latter has announced plans to provide Euros m about Frwb in terms of direct financial aid. Crediting the efforts of the 6th session of the Rwanda-Belgium Joint Permanent Commission JPC that was concluded on October 23, in Kigali, he said the package from the ICP will be distributed over the priority sectors cited in the forum.

He disclosed that the aid allocation has given key priority to the improvement of the countryside. Furthermore, he said that they have also agreed with Rwanda on several new conventions for co-operation interventions in the framework of the ongoing ICP to disburse a total amount of Euros The New Times has learnt that this new specific agreement replaces the agreement of , which created a Study Fund and will benefit, in its first period, of the residual financial balance of the latter Fund for an amount of Euros But the Belgian government has created an air of optimism that future financial contributions to this programme will be agreed upon by the two parties.

The initiative would improve services in the main Kigali Hospital CHUK through reinforced training missions, subsequently scaling up quality of its healthcare in the framework of a better-coordinated network. Analysing Rwanda's contribution towards restoration of peace in the region, De Decker was appreciative, pledging that his country would move out to support her efforts.

He expressed optimism that the organisation, which comprises institutions shared by DR Congo, Rwanda and Burundi, would foster peace and security in the Great lakes Region. The development comes immediately after Belgium, through the JPC announced the increase of her contributions to Rwanda's national budget annually from Euros 25m Frw The European state has also extended the duration of the Cooperation Programme from three to four years.

South Africa - Infraco to lay submarine cable. Government-owned Infraco will lay a submarine cable from SA to Europe that will compete with Telkom's SAT-3 cable, high-level government sources have revealed. This follows an announcement by public enterprises minister Alec Erwin that government would use the telecoms infrastructure company to drive down the cost of broadband in the country. Yesterday, deputy president Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka summoned the departments of communications and public enterprises to brief her on the proposed submarine cable plan, the government sources say.

Senior officials from both departments have confirmed that a Cape Town meeting was scheduled for late yesterday afternoon with communications minister Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri, Erwin and the deputy president. Also present were directors-general of the two departments and representatives of Indian conglomerate Tata.

A key issue of the meeting, according to officials, was to iron out a Department of Public Enterprises DPE plan that would make Infraco a public-private partnership using Eskom's fibre optic network and lay a submarine cable between SA and Europe to bring down the cost of international bandwidth. Around Cape Point The proposed submarine cable would land at the Mtunzini landing site, the same place as for the East African Submarine Cable System, and then transverse southwards around Cape Point and onto the Azores islands to meet up with other international systems.

Yesterday's meeting occurred one day after Erwin issued his reply to questions from opposition MP Dene Smuts, of the Democratic Alliance, on the Infraco issue. Another issue is that of departmental boundaries, as the Department of Communications feels the DPE is treading on its turf, the sources say. The departments are part of the economic cluster of departments and, according to government's programme of action, have a joint responsibility for bringing down the cost of telecommunications.

Going mad Deputy president Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka was informed of government's plans yesterday, say government sources. South Africa - SA telecoms: Standardisation the next battleground. The contentious South African telecommunications environment is driven by costs. Because the cost of fixed-line communication is high compared with other countries, it is an environment ripe for innovation and the introduction of new technologies and services.

However, a multiplicity of services demands interoperability and a single standard for the success of each. That's according to Andy Brauer, chief technical officer at Business Connexion. However, with the convergence of fixed and wireless networks, the necessity for standardisation is pressing. Brauer makes the point that regardless of the transport mechanism, people use networks for the services they deliver.

Migration to interoperable and harmonised network architectures is required because of the demand for global roaming and seamless mobility by users of different access technologies applied by different operators. Brauer believes this will be one of the key South African telecommunications battlegrounds. And while Telkom traditionally had a monopoly over voice, the cellular operators have eroded part of this business, he continues. Addressing the need for standardisation, Brauer says a new standard approved by the International Telecommunications Union provides interworking between the two dominant technologies in the NGN environment - Ethernet and MPLS multiprotocol label switching - which are critical components of the evolving broadband architecture.

It will allow users to specify exactly how much bandwidth they want between the 10Mbps and 1Gbps range currently offered. Further, the standards provide reduced operation complexity and improved scalability for carriers," he explains. British Telecom faced this problem, says Brauer - with the major issue being the necessity of a large investment risk in infrastructure.

While the issue may be challenging for operators, he says, it will not pose an issue for consumers: "The bottom line is that the end-user will be the winner. Lower cost connectivity and always-available services will become a reality. Africa: No cheap call for cellular network acquisitions. Yet there are still operators on the continent, providing plenty of fuel for the acquisition frenzy.

But the price tag for acquisitions is reaching a point where even the richest Africans may have to bow out and let the oil rich Arabs muscle in instead. Of million new users expected to join networks around the world this year, million would be in Africa, said Devine Kofiloto, a principal analyst for Informa Telecoms.

The payback for acquisitions is also taking longer, as the average revenue per user is plunging as cellphones reach the poorer echelons of society. Nigeria, with million people, is the one country where growth appears almost limitless. Nigeria will surpass SA as Africa's largest cellular market by next year with million users, compared with an expected million in SA. We need at least that much investment to catch up," he said. Nigeria has million subscribers and Pieters believes that will rapidly touch million.

I think customers will at least double in the next three to five years. Middle Eastern players may be the only ones with the money to continue the merger splurge, Pieters said. Not only did they have the cash, they also took a longer view on the return on investment, unlike European or African investors that sought a payback in a handful of years.

Vodacom beat MTN to that conclusion months ago, saying the price of new licences or takeovers was increasingly unrealistic. However, its freedom may be too late, given the inflated prices. Opportunities are bubbling up in Ghana, which may offer a new cellular licence and privatise the state-owned operator. Senegal is issuing a third licence and Angola is also expected to open up to new players. Meanwhile, delegates to the telecoms conference debated how operators can make more money in poverty-struck markets.

Although watching TV and accessing the internet on a cellphone will gradually become more popular, income from those services will merely offset the declining profits from voice calls. It will merely offset declining revenue," Kofiloto said. He believes most Africans will get their first taste of the internet through mobile handsets. The operators agreed African governments were doing little to help the industry or their people.

Rolling out services to remote areas needed government participation and regulatory approval to use a mixture of wireless, terrestrial technologies and satellites. Africa's cellular networks cover million people who cannot afford to use them, and that would only change when governments removed tax and sales duties on handsets and mobile services, Olunga said. By , calls from one African country to another could be routed directly and not via Europe - as they are now under a legacy of colonial telecoms systems.

Africa: Africa Calling. The growth potential for the telecommunications industry in Africa is massive and, as James Wood explains, this booming sector presents huge opportunities for both African and international operators. Africa is a surprising source of not only growth in telecommunications but also of corporate activity and, as a result, opportunities for lawyers. When compared to Europe, the penetration levels of telecoms in Africa are far lower.

According to the International Telecommunication Union ITU , 41 per inhabitants in Europe had a fixed line telephone compared with slightly over three per in Africa. The level of income per household is also lower; however, such statistics hide what many consider to be real prospects of growth for telecoms companies in Africa.

Mobile growth Although the infrastructure for fixed-line telecommunications is scarce in Africa, in many countries, fixed-line technology is being leapfrogged as operators and consumers adopt mobile technologies.

There are predictions that in some African countries, cellular mobile technologies themselves will be leapfrogged by wireless broadband and voice-over internet protocol. Alongside such statistics, anecdotal evidence suggests that throughout Africa a mobile telephone is becoming, even for those with very low incomes, an essential item.

Given the potentially large audience and the low penetration to date, Africa is therefore a source of potential growth for mobile operators. These seemingly rosy prospects for revenue growth need to be balanced against the risks of doing business in many parts of Africa. The infrastructure necessary to build a telecommunications network - such as roads, electricity supply and backbone networks to which calls can be terminated - is often non-existent or unreliable.

Political instability is still present in many countries, making the legal regimes unpredictable. Corruption, red tape and heavy local taxes can also add to the costs of doing business in the region. Much of the population lives in extreme poverty. However, the level of corporate activity in the region shows that, in spite of the risks, the opportunities afforded by telecoms in Africa are attractive to many parties.

For operators within Africa, expansion of their existing 'footprint' represents an opportunity to achieve economies of scale. By driving down the prices obtained from suppliers, operators set cheaper prices for the handsets and services offered, making them more affordable to a larger proportion of the population within range of their masts. Expansion also diversifies some of the risks of investment in Africa across countries with different political and economic drivers.

Targeting Africa Operators outside Africa may see the continent as a potential source of revenue growth that is more difficult to obtain in their home markets. Vodafone, for example, has exposure to African mobile telecommunications through its joint venture with Telkom, the incumbent telecoms operator in South Africa.

Initially, corporate activity took the form of bidding for licences offered by individual countries. In many cases, a requirement of such bids was that the consortium included local partners. Further corporate activity has been generated by the changes in these consortia over time, including, in some cases, such local partners being bought out by the lead investor or operator.

In recent years, some countries have offered additional licences to increase competition in the local market and minority stakes have also been offered in a number of incumbent operators such as Tunisie Telecom in Tunisia and Mobile Telecommunications in Namibia.

For an operator seeking to build a larger footprint, such opportunities are limited and the auctions are often hotly contested. As a result, other corporate activity has arisen. This corporate activity has most commonly taken the form of the acquisition of individual local operators. Alongside participation in the licence auctions and privatisation processes, this activity has been a focus for pan-African players such as Celtel, Investcom, Millicom and MTN of South Africa.

The end of saw the initial public offering of Investcom - which had been built by its principal shareholders in these ways - on the Dubai and London stock exchanges. Local consolidation In the past 18 months, the market has also seen the first moves in an expected larger-scale process of consolidation. These transactions have also demonstrated that real value is now being attributed to the growth opportunities available to telecoms operators in Africa.

Millicom also announced earlier this year that it was conducting a strategic review and was in discussions in relation to a possible sale of the company, but those talks ended without a transaction being announced. Further activity is still rumoured in the sector, with suggestions that European mobile operators - with more restricted growth prospects in their home markets - and other Middle East operators may be seeking potential growth opportunities in Africa.

Speculation even includes the possibility of large acquisitions of the companies that have led consolidation to date - which could provide a new entrant to Africa with considerable local scale and geographical diversity. Technological advances As individual markets mature, the adoption of new technologies seems likely to create new corporate opportunities and activity.

Virtual mobile network operator arrangements could arise if the capacity of installed infrastructure exceeds demand and subscribers become more discerning about the services they are receiving. The adoption of further technologies, such as 3G and wireless broad-band, also open up the possibility of further rounds of licence offerings by governments and collaborations between traditional telecoms operators and media broadcasters or content providers.

Although the corporate activity in African telecoms often involves laws unfamiliar to lawyers based in Europe, the fundamental principles of negotiating and concluding successful transactions remain the same. In addition, many local laws are based on European counterparts and local legislators and telecoms regulators can look to the European Union and its members states when benchmarking best practice.

In my experience, transaction values may factor in some discount for the risks faced by an African telecoms business and, indeed, it is difficult to protect against many of those risks in legal documents. However, a purchaser may still wish to seek higher levels of protection than would be commonplace in equivalent European transactions.

The African telecommunications market will continue to experience significant growth as new subscribers sign up and mobile operators introduce new services. Even as promising growth opportunities emerge, SIM suppliers will need to find ways of making their products more cost effective to register substantial growth in the subscribers markets. Moreover, they will need to work on developing reliable, high quality SIM cards. The need for effective communication has pushed the African mobile telecommunications sector into high growth rates.

A lack of fixed line infrastructure means that mobile telephony is the only alternative and the issuance of low denomination prepaid vouchers has made the service more affordable while also supporting wider accessibility. Two pervasive problems across Africa - poverty and continuing conflict -- are having a profoundly negative effect on overall economic growth in the region. These dual trends are affecting the telecommunications sector as well. African mobile operators have needs that are unique to the market in which they operate.

For instance, there is an increased emphasis on the production of low cost handsets. In a nutshell, Africa needs to be concerned about developing Internet usage first, rather than dwelling on who governs the Internet and how. An article by Vincent Waiswa Bagiire.

The Internet Government Forum IGF convenes in Athens at the end of October next week to chart a way forward for making the running of the Internet more inclusive, and more democratic. Several key issues of concern for various governments and members of the Internet community worldwide were amply articulated in the run-up to the World Summits on the Information Society WSIS - a process that has continued ahead of the IGF.

Simply put, these issues revolve around enabling control of the 'Internet' and its technical arms to be decentralised from ICANN and its few chosen agents, increasing security of the Internet, having international oversight over the Internet, among others. Africa stands to be a great beneficiary of the Internet, in areas ranging from communication to education, health to trade, and governance to knowledge creation. The case of how Africa embraced the mobile phone when conditions were created for more players to come in, and when technology allowed connecting thousands of people at lower costs, could be a learning example.

Africa has got the highest growth rate of mobile phone connections in the world, and the mobile phone has become the centre of the continent's connectivity successes. But Africa has also been registering high bandwidth consumption rates. This high growth rate comes against the background of very high bandwidth prices in Africa - which are several times higher than in Europe, America, and even Asia - and the acute shortage of Internet infrastructure in most of Africa.

As far as Internet usage is concerned, Africa is doing pretty badly. This compares miserably with the Americas In the broadband sector, Africa's show is even gloomier, as it has just 0. The continent is not doing any superbly in terms of ownership of personal computers, the main medium on which the Internet is run.

Clearly, too few Africans are using the Internet at the moment, and this needs to be addressed for the continent to harvest benefits from the Internet. The question to ask then is, why are so few Africans using the Internet? And the answer to this question should provide the pointer to what needs to be done for more Africans to be brought into cyberspace. Are issues related to Internet Governance the main hindrance to African's usage of the Internet?

The answer is a plain no. Africans are not using the Internet because the technology deployed tends to be expensive, often the licensing procedures for Internet Service provision are expensive and cumbersome, ISPs charge exorbitantly for their services, monopoly providers do not give little attention to improving affordability, the content on the Internet is often irrelevant or not in a language many Africans understand, governments are rarely acting proactively and smartly to enable the poor and remote parts of their countries to have connectivity.

Now those are the issues that need to be at the top of the agenda for those promoting Internet usage in Africa. As it is, African countries have been working towards developing a common position on the issues they will be addressing at the IGF in Athens. Among these are the need for security of the Internet, freedom of expression, multilingualism and local content on the Internet, Internet infrastructure, and Intellectual Property Rights.

Reining in SPAM or unsolicited mail mainly used for commercial promotion, social or political activism, the need for cyber laws, and need for "international" management of the internet are the other issues African delegates will be passionately addressing themselves to.

They say management of the Internet should be "multilateral, transparent and democratic, with the full involvement of governments, the private sector, civil society and international organisations. It should ensure an equitable distribution of resources, facilitate access for all and ensure a stable and secure functioning of the Internet. Who controls the Internet has not hindered vast number of Asians and Europeans from using the Internet. And it has not been the key hinderance to Africa' use of the Internet.

At Athens, African delegates are likely to strongly express their concern about Internet naming and addressing. In this light, they are likely to talk about the need for a dotAfrica as the continental Top-Level Domain name. AfNOG argues that it is important to have a dotAfrica to help Africa get its recognition as an entity with a high stake in Internet Governance. This proposed dotAfrica would target , organisations under the name. Africa or nom. Africa for Francophone Africa. Many proponents of dotAfrica tend to justify its need by arguing that since regions like Asia and the European Union have adopted the idea of having dotAsia and dotEU, it would also be good for Africa to adopt dotAfrica.

They also point out that dotAfrica would help Africa to market itself in the area of innovation. But some critics feel the clamour for dotAfrica appears to merely be a matter of emulating what the Asians and Europeans are doing, or engendering 'African pride', and will not translate into cheaper connectivity and accessibility of the Internet on the continent.

The Athens IGF, which is providing the basis for Africans to define their priorities as far as the Internet is concerned, was a blueprint for global Internet governance. It can hence be argued that the core spirit of the IGF is therefore not necessarily about making more people use this medium, because this is not exactly at the top of the list of priorities for concerned parties in Europe and much of Asia, who in any case have had a louder and more enlightened voice in Internet governance discourse.

It called for realisation of multilingualism on the Internet, development of software that is easy to localise and enables users to choose appropriate solutions from different software models including open-source, free and proprietary software. Those are some of the great pronouncements made at Tunis, which could help develop Internet usage in Africa, but which few Africans are articulating.

Africa has its humongous work to do in the area of content, since content drives access to new technologies and vice versa. But the development of content cannot be achieved without empowering people and organisations in Africa, and enabling them to develop and disseminate their content, and to use globally available information resources for their day-to-day challenges.

The majority of the African population lives in rural areas and depends on local content. Specific attention should therefore be paid to the advancement of indigenous content including its sharing and localisation. A good example of how to go about this is provided by Knysna municipality in South Africa, which is touted as "the first completely Wi-Fi covered town in Africa".

The municipality awarded a tender to build a wireless local-loop access and transit infrastructure to cover its entire jurisdiction. Outdoor hotspots are installed throughout the region, including in informal settlements, and the municipality uses the network to provide free basic Internet and voice services to the community. And while UniNet, which built the network, provides sustainable low-cost commercial internet, VOIP and data services to the community, other service providers in the region can utilise the network for delivery of services to their clients - effectively creating the first open access network in South Africa.

To the users, there are high quality low-cost fixed line telephony and internet, access to low cost VOIP and data services, free local calls on-net , free basic internet services in libraries and on all hotspots. If such innovative policies and actions as informed the Knysna connectivity project are replicated across municipalities and nations in Africa, the continent could potentially witness an Internet boom in a couple of years.

Africa needs low cost equipment, affordable services and applications, a better quality and greater numbers of ICT graduates, accessibility of the Internet on mobile phones, cheaper bandwidth including through fibre optics, eradication of monopolies and duopolies in Internet service provision. Blycroft's Mobile Network Statistics for Western Sahara cover 18 countries and 69,, subscribers. Go to report. The programme has been set up with nine components, each with its particular advocacy aim, in countries as diverse as Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Senegal.

CATIA has shown that one of the most effective ways to have an impact on the ICT policy landscape in Africa is by collaborating in multi-stakeholder processes, where experiences, perspectives and resources can be shared, and a common agenda shaped. Equally important, however, is how advocates engage policy-makers and regulators.

Some of the key findings of the article are: The distinction between policy-makers and regulators is not clearly felt in some countries in Africa. Reasons include a lack of 'checks and balances' or political instability, amongst them. Even in liberalised environments, such as Kenya or South Africa, the independence of a regulator can be challenged by the state; Policy-makers and regulators are key to any ICT policy advocacy process.

However, having a policy influence may mean targeting influential officials in government who may not be policy-makers or regulators themselves; The direct involvement of policy-makers and regulators in activities is an important way of ensuring the sustainability of advocacy initiatives.

Advocates need to provide policy and regulatory officials with a sense of buy-in and confidence in their work. Advocates need to demonstrate that they are serious; Developing informal relationships are often more effective than formal engagements; Advocates need to nurture a culture of 'honest brokerage' so that their work can be trusted in a policy development environment where there are many competing interests. The list of the largest single nation operators is almost the same as it was this time last year.

Because the Indian mobile market is still fragmented, no one operator has managed to enter the top ten as the market as a whole did in the league table of markets. Thus it comes as no surprise to see that the two Chinese giants top the list. The Japanese leader has dropped just one place though. Mexico's Telcel Radiomovil is ninth, as it was last year, but there is a new tenth. Last year, this spot was occupied by Brasicel - Vivo Participacoes - but its problems with inactives have lead to it dropping five places, to 15th, to be replaced in the top ten by T-Mobile Deutschland which just keeps Vodafone Germany out of the list.

The chart below shows the current world order, with the market being absolutely dominated by the two Chinese companies. This time last year, the two were larger than the remaining eight companies put together and so they are again? For the non-Chinese operators, that probably counts as some kind of progress? This statistic of course implies that China Mobile and China Unicom will also top the list of fastest growing businesses and indeed, they do.

China Mobile added This is more than the next three companies put together. China Unicom added The rest of the table is rather different though. MTS of Russia comes third, with just under 14m adds, while its rival Vimpelcom is fourth, with 13m.

It too lost share to the market leader during this year. The Indian subcontinent dominates the bottom half of the table. Bharti, the company in which both Singapore Telecom and Vodafone have significant minority stakes, came fifth with Pakistan Mobile's total of 9. These two added 8. The first Western operator on the list is Verizon Wireless in 13th, just ahead of Sprint Nextel, these two having added 7. The first European operator is in 16th - Kyivstar of the Ukraine - which had marginally the better of its battle for market share with Ukrainian Mobile 6.

The first Western European operator is in 28th place and is TIM of Italy, the business which may or may not be for sale. This added 4. In total, five companies grew by 10m or more, a further 16 by between 5m and 10m and another 40 or so, by between 2. So far, we have looked exclusively at single market operators for the purposes of this review. However, if we include multinationals a very different picture emerges.

There are several ways that one can measure size with businesses such as these and we have chosen on this occasion to shows three separate league tables. The first shows each company's "total reach" - the entire combined base of all the businesses in which it has an investment. For ease of comparison, we have shown all the tables on a proforma basis; that is to say, the figures shown assume that the entities were always constituted in the same way they are today. The first company on the list provides the most marked example of this in practice - Vodafone Group.

If all of its investments are included, it has very nearly m customers. That half of these are attributable to China Mobile, a company in which it only has a 3. The largest of these, America Movil, also features on this same list, at number five with a further hundred million customers.

Vodafone's Chinese partner is second on the list in its own right, while its national competitor, China Unicom, is third. Telefonica's acquisition of the O2 Group has pushed it into fourth place ahead of America Movil, its great Latin American rival, and also ahead of its European counterparts, Deutsche Telekom and France Telecom.

Telenor has been quietly expanding into markets which were until recently quite unfashionable and this strategy has paid off spectacularly. It is one of only two companies to have achieved a double digit quarterly compound growth rate and has, since the end of the quarter joined the m club. Neither of the next two in the table is that far behind. Singapore Telecom is ninth, largely as a result of its policy of regional expansion.

It has significant investments in India and Indonesia and these are the principal driving forces behind its growth. Finally, we have Orascom. This, admittedly, is a rather loose definition and perhaps a better name would be the Sawiris family, the controlling shareholders of Orascom. Suffice to say that this total includes all of Orascom Telecom's customers, all of WIND's in Italy and all of the customers of the various Hutchison businesses, in which Orascom now has an equity interest.

Although these companies are, at the moment, only rather loosely bound together, that could change and if it does, a new superpower would emerge. The second of these tables compares the leading consolidated customer bases. Nine of the names are the same, though the order differs. What we show here are the customers of the businesses that would normally be included in a formal financial consolidation. Thus, for instance, Vodafone loses both its Chinese and Indian numbers and as a consequence, drops to number two on the list.

Equally, Telefonica loses the subscribers it had through its association with Portugal Telecom - not just in Portugal, but also in PT's international markets in Africa and the Asia Pacific region. Deutsche Telekom, France Telecom, America Movil, Telenor and Singapore Telecom are unaffected, but the Orascom federation falls away, to be replaced by TeliaSonera, which has manly relied on its Turkcell and MegaFon associates to get into tenth place.

The final table again contains many of the same organisations, as one might expect, but this time, the measure is controlled customers. This is really the gold standard of the industry, as undoubtedly alliances can be dissolved and investments sold. From our perspective, this is the most interesting of the three tables as it shows us something that perhaps we might not have expected.

That is, although Vodafone has been heavily criticised this year by the financial community for not being invested in growth markets or not managing to take market share in its mature markets, it has, in fact, considerably outperformed its European peers, including, by some measures, Telefonica. One year ago, Vodafone had 54m more controlled customers than Telefonica and Deutsche Telekom. It had 68m more than France Telecom.

Today, its lead over Telefonica is 61m, while the gap between it and Deutsche Telekom has widened by a further 12m customers to 66m. The Mobile World takes the view that the mobile market is still far from mature and that there is significant growth to be enjoyed, even in Western Europe. But there will come a time when the market is mature. At this stage, the managers of these companies will have to ask themselves, whether it is better to have a portfolio of businesses in rich, low growth markets, or a similar portfolio in poor, low growth countries.

The answer would seem obvious? Not many of the businesses on this list have managed this as well as they might. Those amongst our readers who are curious to know how these tables develop, below the top ten, are recommended to subscribe to The Mobile World Database, where this information and much else besides can be found. However, being of a generous nature, we will share with our non-subscribing readers the knowledge that at 30th June , there were another three companies on this list with more than 50m controlled customers - Telecom Italia, Sprint Nextel and Vimpelcom.

Africa: China defends soaring trade with Africa. But resentment has been building, with complaints that the flood of cheap manufactured goods that China exports is damaging local industry and with unrest over labour standards at Chinese-invested companies. China has been criticised for ignoring human rights and environmental standards and failing to attach demands for transparency and accountability to offers of aid, loans and investment to Africa - particularly to oil producers Sudan and Angola.

World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz was quoted this week as saying China and its banks were ignoring human rights and environmental standards when lending to developing countries in Africa. Angola overtook Saudi Arabia this year to become China's largest supplier of crude oil, and Chinese energy major Sinopec has offered lavish signature bonuses for oil exploration and production contracts there.

China has also come under fire for investing in oil-rich Sudan, whose president, Omar Hassan al-Bashir, was expected to be among the leaders attending the November China-Africa ministerial summit in Beijing. Assistant Foreign Minister Zhai Jun said Bashir and Chinese leaders would discuss the situation in Darfur, where more than three years of fighting has killed more than and forced 2,5-million from their homes. But he also reaffirmed China's view that it was wrong to link investment and aid with political conditions, saying: "It is never our view that a country should interfere in another country's internal affairs and human rights.

The use of official vehicles in Beijing will be limited for the period of the forum and elementary and middle school students will finish classes early to lighten the city's notorious traffic burden, the Beijing News reported. Beijing will also clear beggars from the streets, and hotel restaurants where delegates dine must report to police to ensure security, the report said.

Go to original source engineeringnews. Africa: Prize offered to Africa's leaders. The people who are doing badly and are killing their own people or stealing state resources are going to carry on doing that. Africa has one of the world's richest concentrations of minerals precious metals, yet million of its residents live on less than a dollar a day. Go to original source bbc.

Read more on guardian. The vital role played by communication in development will be highlighted at a three-day conference, which opened at FAO headquarters today. Attended by delegates including policy-makers, academics and media professionals, the meeting is jointly organized by FAO, the World Bank and The Communication Initiative partnership, and is hosted by the Government of Italy.

Effective communication is a two-way process, he continued. It implies all participants having a voice. The rapid advance of Information Communication Technologies ICTs was speeding economic growth across the world and creating a global marketplace, Dr Diouf said. But, he noted, the very pace at which the new frontiers were advancing risked widening the gap between those with access to cell phones and the internet and the one billion of the world's population without.

Together with the new frontier of ICTs, more traditional media such as radio, video, film, music and theatre were also important in spreading knowledge and promoting development, Dr Diouf said. Effective communications had the potential to change the lives of millions by "planting the seeds of knowledge, and hope, among the world's poor," he concluded. The conference will examine the role of communication in speeding progress in the specific fields of poverty reduction, food security, health, governance and sustainable development.

It will illustrate the wealth of innovative and creative communications work now taking place and urge that a communications component be included in all new development projects. The Congress is due to end on Friday, 27 October, after approving a set of concrete recommendations for policy-makers, development practitioners, donor and NGO representatives and communication professionals.

Read more on cipaco. Presidential candidates in the Democratic Republic of Congo must act to reduce tensions and restrain their supporters from inciting violence ahead of the run-off election on October 29, Human Rights Watch said today.

Hostile campaigning by rival candidates President Joseph Kabila and Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba has underscored ethnic divisions and increased violence in the run-up to the polls. This followed calls by HAM on October 15 not to broadcast campaign songs that it estimated "called for hatred and violence. Local observers warn that a televised presidential debate scheduled for October 26 may be a potential flashpoint for violence if candidates resort to ethnic slurs during the debate.

Congo will hold a presidential run-off election since the first round on July 30 failed to secure a majority for any single candidate. Voters will also elect provincial assembly members. The announcement of the first-round results on August 20 led to three days of street battles in the capital Kinshasa between forces loyal to Bemba and Kabila, leaving dozens dead. On October 17, seven people were injured when fighting broke out between supporters of rival presidential candidates in Lodja, in central province of Kasai Oriental.

On the same day in Mbandaka, in the western province of Equateur, Kabila supporters beat at least five women during a campaign rally when children taunted their campaign convoy by shouting the name of rival candidate Bemba. Election violence has also spread beyond Congo, even into Europe.

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Siemens vorstand ederer investment Familie Henkel. But while Nortel may have been early to the game, siemens vorstand ederer investment competitors such as Tropos and Strix Systems Inc. Finally, availability of skilled and technical and management personnel to support power sector. In der Absicht Ihre [ Ulrike Manz. Addressing the need for standardisation, Brauer says a new standard approved by the International Telecommunications Union provides interworking between the two dominant technologies in the NGN environment - Ethernet and MPLS multiprotocol label switching - which are critical components of the evolving broadband architecture. Huawei annually invests 10 per cent of its income in scientific-research work, which allows it to keep leading positions among telecommunication equipment supplies.
Siemens vorstand ederer investment Bayerische Motoren Werke AG. Longview Partners LLP. Oz will retain his position in NICE until his successor is appointed. Orders in the first quarter included multiple new requirements for Falcon II radios from the U. Not everyone agrees.
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Forex factory currency strength indicator for mt4 Production capacity will then be expanded to 10 million tons, and finally to 22 million tons in the final stage. Read more on lightreading. In his words: "Government should privatise the energy sector as planned. Those amongst our readers who are curious to know how these tables develop, below the top ten, are recommended to subscribe to The Mobile World Database, where this information and much else besides can be found. The purpose behind multi-sensors is to leverage the benefits of versatile detection sensors in order to look at an unknown substance from a number of.

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Damit hat Cromme die entscheidende Mehrheit. Immerhin durfte er seinen Posten als Stiftungsratschef der mit knapp einer halben Milliarde Euro dotierten Siemens-Stiftung behalten. Offenbar forderten sie Ederers Kopf. Betriebsratssprecher Peter Kropp dementiert dies. Es sei denn, das Unternehmen beantragt eine Ausnahmegenehmigung.

Ederer gab ein Gutachten in Auftrag. Adler will aber weitermachen. Die Prinzipien, die er anderen vorschrieb, lebte er selbst oft nicht vor. Cromme hatte ihr noch, quasi als Trostpflaster, eine um die Personalagenden abgeschlankte Vorstandsposition angeboten. Eine deutliche Degradierung. Ederer lehnte dankend ab. Insider monieren, dass ihm jegliche Erfahrung im Personalmanagement fehle.

How to enable JavaScript. Pressemitteilung Wolfgang Hesoun 50 wird zum 1. Hesoun wird Nachfolger von Brigitte Ederer 54 , die ab 1. Juli Personalvorstand der Siemens AG wird. Zu dieser Meldung. Ende September hatte das Unternehmen weltweit rund Weitere Informationen finden Sie im Internet unter www. Solche vorausschauenden Aussagen beruhen auf den heutigen Erwartungen des Siemens Vorstands und bestimmten Annahmen.

Sie bergen daher eine Reihe von Risiken und Ungewissheiten.

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2020 Is a Year of Optimization for Siemens, Says CEO

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of directors into two-tiers: a Management Board (called “Vorstand”) which is solely responsible of the Dr. Michael Suess. Brigitte Ederer Other activities. Despite all these sectors, Siemens has also invested in shares in BSH Bosch and. zur Gewinnverwendung. 33 ZIFFER 32 – Vergütung des Vorstands und des Aufsichtsrats Betrag sie in Siemens-Aktien investieren wollen (Investment-. Aktien). Die Aktien Brigitte Ederer. (bis September ). Meeting of Siemens AG on January 25, Vorstand: Ernst Koether, Birgit Grube, Franz Weigert; Schatzmeister: Jürgen Schulz; c) EUR 40, to the Chairman of the Finance and Investment Committee and EUR Wolfgang Dehen, Brigitte Ederer, Joe Kaeser, Barbara Kux, Hermann Requardt.