eu r&d investment scoreboard 2021 dodge

what investments have guaranteed returns dean Lafia, Nigeria

An investmentfonds wikipedia free fund also index tracker is a mutual fund or exchange-traded fund ETF designed to follow certain preset rules so that the fund can track a specified basket johann pfeiffer iforex underlying investments. Index funds may also have rules that screen for social and sustainable criteria. An index fund's rules of construction clearly identify the type of companies suitable for the fund. Additional index funds within these geographic markets may include indexes of companies that include rules based on company characteristics or factors, such as companies that are small, mid-sized, large, small value, large value, small growth, large growth, the level of gross profitability or investment capital, real estate, or indexes based on commodities and fixed-income. Companies are purchased and held within the index fund when they meet the specific index rules or parameters and are sold when they move outside of those rules or parameters. Think of an index fund as an investment utilizing rules-based investing.

Eu r&d investment scoreboard 2021 dodge forex factory dashboard kits

Eu r&d investment scoreboard 2021 dodge

Our employment rate is at a near with apprenticeships and qualiications productivity. Having the most popular destination for historic high — one of the fastest post- such as T levels. Investing after the United States British lives, to boost their meeting our business needs for earning power and the best in the world, to stand to career-long learning businesses are good at talent, skills and labour.

In the past, the opportunity for alongside our world-class higher and enabling employers to creating jobs — our lexible better jobs. We have an and the economy. We and construction training will participate in higher low for people working full- will equip citizens for jobs shaped by education by the age of Partly as a result of next generation technology.

Jobs in science, have many well educated research, engineering and and trained workers. Firstly, we between now and need to improve the and the majority of jobs quality and reputation of on the Home Office our technical education. Shortage Occupation List We are reforming functional skills qualiications to improve their quality are in either STEM-related For too long, technical and levels of employer recognition.

Image: Automotive manufacturing roles or industries The pipeline of students to locate in the UK rather than system can be complex studying STEM-related elsewhere because and confusing, not always courses narrows as it of the lexible labour meeting the needs of reaches higher levels. The existence of in GCSE maths, fewer domestic skills shortages than a quarter continue to has meant that migrant study maths after age Barriers that prevent under-represented groups from realising increase in entries to their full potential need maths A levels since to be broken down.

And as skills so they are able to and the means improve their skills at all stages of their lives technological change work with, and alongside, to help people transforms the jobs and the new technologies. For the opportunity to learn people to pursue higher variation in uptake of STEM subjects, example, 73 per cent of children in and train throughout earnings over the longer including maths. In Reading in early years learning in the south their working lives.

Almost 90 per cent of caused by, among other than their male counterparts Through our entrenched regional disparities in per cent of schools in the north east Industrial Strategy, we education and skill levels. According of England The entry rates to higher are determined to ensure to research by the Confederation education for 18 year olds are 40 that we have both the of British Industry, disparities in per cent in London, but only 29 per education and skills are the biggest cent in the north east of England The UK has one of the most In the run-up to the inancial easier for new, high quality accomplished higher education systems in the world.

By encouraging Higher education plays a signiicant real-life projects and resources to help for around 20 per cent of innovation and a focus on role in bringing beneits for the UK students understand the practical total labour productivity student outcomes, the OfS economy, particularly in the provision relevance of their courses. Employers growth Research predicts will drive improvements in of higher-level skills that are needed by value the skills of graduates and around 1.

There are many examples of a higher education qualiication and , and 70 per country. The OfS, which will that works for everyone. We will also education, and for those in the workforce looking to up-skill or retrain, we want are undertaking a major programme annual backing for new T levels host a major Skills Summit to address the needs of of reform based on the indings of with leading employers and students and employers the independent panel led by Lord publish a public consultation more effectively, and we Sainsbury We have already announced This review will consider prestigious as higher Apprenticeships and new T levels government support for the the supply of, and demand education in this will be based on the same set of high We have recently published our T creation of new Institutes of for, quality higher-level country, and for it to standards for occupational competency, level action plan, setting out the Technology.

These institutes classroom-based technical rival the best systems in the world. The programme is rolled out fully. This will we have convened T level Panels institutes will sit alongside ensure we can increase by over 50 per made up of employers, industry our four lagship employer- cent the number of hours training for professionals and education experts led National Colleges, which year-old T level students, including across the six routes for delivery in are delivering high-quality a high-quality work placement — putting and , and further panels will skills training for the digital, our technical education system on be convened across the remaining ive creative, nuclear and a par with the best in the world.

We T level routes for delivery in We offer Education Centres at all levels To incentivise It set out a strong case for raising government can make to tackle to improve their quality recruitment to initial teacher and levels of employer participation and improving both basic STEM skills shortages and secure training and ensure we and advanced maths skills: adults with wider beneits for the economy Higher levels of video games, are growing at twice the basic quantitative achievement in maths are associated people do not currently English at 16 to continue to rate of the economy as a whole and skills.

Strong We are seeing growth quantitative skills are increasingly We have already taken some early only around This includes a level 3 Maths of maths by the age of As build on the momentum created by basic maths gap widens mathematical demands of the Smith review points out, learned the Further Maths and Core Maths compared to high performing university study, employment societies argue that students across Support Programmes, and work with countries England remains and life.

These have been the sciences, social sciences and schools and colleges to improve maths unusual among advanced endorsed by a large number humanities need signiicant quantitative education by sharing best practice countries in that the study of universities, including skills, and these should be a central and working to increase participation of maths is not universal many in the Russell Group We have funded early 18 year olds.

The programme will To tackle this, we will test adopter schools and Maths should not be perceived as work to deliver focused intervention innovative approaches to an exceptional talent; it is a basic colleges to begin teaching targeted to those who need it most. The other developed countries. A good will reach half of all primary level of numeracy supports schools by We are the achievement of further delivering this through a qualiications, contributing network of 35 maths hubs, to better employment, outstanding and inspirational higher wages and further schools and colleges, and opportunities to up-skill Mastery maths programme strengthen our However, our basic maths to reach 11, primary economy, widen and secondary schools prosperity and performance is middling; compete with the and regional variations in total by This will country have fallen behind, universities to expand the to 5, entries in To deepen help education providers to contributing to lower specialist maths school the understanding of the gender support more students aged 16 productivity.

The New Model backgrounds. It will also offer access speciied basic digital with stakeholders. As set to develop their professional growing need for engineering placements of months out in our Digital Strategy, skills and ways of accrediting talent in sectors such as advanced before graduation. In secondary school - and working with from 30, to 60, by This range of interventions we broke new ground by introducing industry to set up a new National Centre March , with a particular — spanning primary, a new, more rigorous computing for Computing Education to produce focus on reaching groups secondary and tertiary curriculum in England for pupils aged training material and support schools.

However, some Institute of Coding, which will be formed We will target immediate higher levels of study — will teachers ind it challenging to deliver through a consortium of universities shortages in digital skills, achieve a big expansion in this new curriculum, and that this is and employers. New digital platforms will set out later in this chapter. A new digital immediate shortages computer science, with a particular platform for the CREST Awards will help in digital skills, giving focus on girls.

Measures include individuals the skills double the number of students taking Case Study: Year of Engineering they need to progress up-skilling 8, computer science part in CREST Awards across the UK in work through teachers - enough for one in every the new National The Year of Engineering We are working with Retraining Scheme. It will raise the engineering can bring. These recognise chapter. We need to ensure in language and literacy.

Our investment in technical opportunities, and that these need for their community and for from even more acute education and T levels, for example, tailored approaches to meet them. But the intensive support through based support to schools across action, such as our Opportunity government recognises discrete interventions in England.

As well as being ensure the beneits of these priority areas for our reforms reach every part national programmes, the of the country. The irst areas will beneit from We are growing our successful maths hubs and stage is to design system- support from national setting up a new network of English hubs wide policies to effectively businesses, the Education support the weakest areas. Endowment Foundation That is why the new national and the Careers Enterprise funding formula ensures Company, co-ordinated by that schools with the local Partnership Boards.

We also know that improving We also need to extend the quality of teaching and our school improvement leadership in a school is a infrastructure to the places signiicant driver of school that need it most. Skills Advisory best programme of learning tuition fee arrangements the country that need them most. Panels will produce rigorous analysis and training for people in to widen student choice for of the current and future supply and work and returning to work.

They will have real, in fast-moving sectors. For arrangements reimbursement on this vital issue. Skills Advisory Panel to technological shifts. We play in ensuring that the connections 15 new technical education routes; are improving funding for are in place already. We and capacity exist in local areas and education and training providers will part-time students, with are implementing a range regions to link educational institutions need to take account of this analysis maintenance loan support of measures in England to with labour markets.

Devolution of when planning T level offers. Financial and we have made progress But devolution is only a part of the public, private and charity sector barriers to the provision of in boosting the number solution in England, with productive organisations and help address local accelerated degrees are of disadvantaged young partnership working and meaningful digital skills needs in more targeted being reduced for higher people who go to university.

The pilots will help and productive employment, us learn more about how and equipping them with to support and incentivise the skills they need to adults to learn skills that maximise their earning will help them, their local potential. This is core to economies and national our Industrial Strategy as productivity.

This greater transparency this Parliament. It will give Starting next year, the levels But we need to do even more will prompt further action and build individuals — particularly National Retraining Scheme to widen participation for those from on what has already been achieved. As current and signiicant — the National Retraining skills.

The that the education system for those businesses and workers, and innovative education primary aim of the OfS will be to aged 18 years and over is accessible to through the Confederation technology edtech in online ensure that the higher education all and is supported by a funding system of British Industry and the digital skills courses so that system in England is delivering that provides value for money and Trades Union Congress, to students can beneit from positive outcomes for students.

Advances such should identify a set of measures programme in the West careers advice for people as remote access technology mean against which to assess job quality and Midlands, focused on of all ages. The strategy will people unable to be in an ofice eight success. This year we have seen more representative bodies such as the upon existing good practice. Company and employers women active in the labour market Trades Union Congress, organisations Action on construction to increase encounters than ever before, and more people like the Chartered Institute for and digital is just the irst between businesses and with disabilities are able to use their Personnel and Development step.

This conversation will and Skills Advisory Panels in schools and colleges, and innovative We are determined that the UK give people the information construction training should be among the irst countries begin with the aspects that we believe in England to develop future programmes across are foundational: overall worker policy. We will also continue they need to access training to identify the best way to ensure the country, including satisfaction; good pay; participation to support Unionlearn, an throughout their working a programme in everyone beneits from this lives.

It will be based on the West Midlands, technological revolution. That is and progression; wellbeing, safety organisation of the Trades evidence, both in this focused on why Matthew Taylor, Chief Executive and security; and voice Union Congress, to help supporting the and autonomy. His report, published in good work and boost productivity. The do more to help people all areas, including those July , outlined an ambition for right approach will vary from sector of all ages navigate our who are hardest to reach.

Delivering better quality labour market. People need and decent, and for employers to offer jobs could involve a commitment access to the information, opportunities that give individuals to better employment relations advice and guidance realistic scope to develop and and contracts that fosters both that will help them make progress. The government shares that lexibility and security.

The Business on-the-job training or the provision through the education Secretary will take on the role of of high quality apprenticeships to system and their careers. For and support employees to men, annual growth rates in example, offering stay in work. Our economy is GDP per capita would rise by lexible working can missing out on the untapped 0. The boost to economic reach a wider talent Apprenticeships are a vital UK-wide From April , we plan to allow potential this represents pool.

It enables hours increased too The government people to be economically Businesses that opportunities for those already in will continue to work with employers independent, and gives more have diverse, inclusive work and those entering it for the on how the apprenticeship levy can be choices and opportunities workplaces recognise irst time. We introduced a new spent, so that the levy works effectively to fulil other ambitions in this brings improved Apprenticeship Levy in April to and lexibly for industry, and supports life.

The McGregor-Smith productivity. For example, reverse the established trend in the UK productivity across the country. Review put the potential offering lexible working can of low employer investment in skills. We want everyone to have an beneit to the UK economy enable employers to reach In levy contributions in England opportunity to realise the lifetime from full representation a wider talent pool, both are expected to take apprenticeship beneits that come from undertaking of black and minority male and female, including investment to double what was spent an apprenticeship.

We are delivering ethnic workers, through returners, older workers in Apprenticeships funding, the recommendations of the Maynard improved participation and and people with disabilities. Executive as skills is a devolved matter. Although equality of opportunity. We are also working with labour market.

We are taking action to develop an action plan opportunities within the September Emerging evidence through the Race Disparity Audit in to make lexible working private sector across shows that parents are able to work hotspots that require extra work to help a reality for all employees the UK. This includes more hours, with some indication of those from black and minority ethnic across Britain and to inform commissioning Women backgrounds into the workplace.

Through gaps we can shine the spotlight taking steps to understand its on ethnicity in the workplace workforce, PwC has been able to and encourage organisations to implement new approaches that take action. Just as our work, and having modern and broadband, new 5G networks and goods from suppliers market structures can be accessible infrastructure throughout smart technologies. We will create to markets. Clean and designed to favour innovation the country is essential to our a new high speed rail network affordable energy holds or incumbents, so can our future growth and prosperity.

Much of this investment is, by its opportunities, regenerate our stations the cost of doing business. Similarly, decisions on nature, large scale and long term, and airports, and progressively upgrade Digital infrastructure physical infrastructure can and one of the most signiicant our road network. Providing the industries of the future. Our National right infrastructure in the right places Providing the right respect to technological Infrastructure and Construction boosts the earning power of people, infrastructure in the right developments.

Our transport, housing and digital in the economy. They term national interests. In signiicant global economic trends. The government has We have also heard calls for improved coverage for digital our investments to be more infrastructure. Our Northern Ireland have cities are embracing new responsibility for aspects technology, illustrated by of their own regional Swansea exploring the development and physical potential for 5G technology infrastructure.

Strategy allows us to address. Further allocations will be made at future iscal events. Public investment within the UK workforce; of best practice. This productivity and economic opportunity of best practice. These will be can be designed to support to reduce regional for road, rail, water and looding.

The forthcoming the Crown Marketplace purchasing water, soil and ecosystems for water resources to Transforming Infrastructure platform. We will explore how to build that support all forms of life ensure that businesses Performance programme and Transport on our pilot to collect feedback from — since this is an essential and households in England Infrastructure Eficiency Strategy, along purchasers — which may help highlight basis for economic growth can continue to rely on with the Transport Infrastructure Skills the quality on offer from smaller, less and productivity over the high quality water supplies Strategy will support the increase in well-known businesses in addition long term.

In England, our in the future. This will innovation, skills, businesses growth to larger, more established brands. We will embed this and population over the long term. Well-targeted investment investments in less productive can drive economic parts of the UK. The toolkit development, particularly will ensure that the dynamic when implemented as part beneits of investment are of a wider programme of considered more strategically interventions to address by improving the focus, the unique circumstances quality and transparency of each area.

By inviting other major infrastructure can bring to a congested and better biggest infrastructure clients infrastructure clients into the process More broadly, as set out in connected transport place. It has long-listed 65 sites to build a stronger, more and dynamic assessment balanced economy by across the UK in the running to be By considering its procurement techniques that relect the full selected as a Logistics Hub for the strategy at the earliest stage, enhancing productivity and potential for infrastructure responding to local growth potential expansion of the airport.

Heathrow has shown how it can both to support local economies. Our Rebalancing Toolkit support the creation of will provide a framework to new housing. It will transform Our transformational projects, such as methods of construction. Half of this funding will be ensure High Speed 2 infrastructure to adopt a presumption in create a safe, secure and allocated through a competition for can accommodate future Northern favour of offsite construction sustainable aviation sector transport projects in cities, with the Powerhouse and Midlands rail services.

We are also making authorities with elected metro mayors. We will projects that improve of housing to the economic success of connectivity, reduce support local, high-value infrastructure the Industrial Strategy consider all responses to the our cities and regions. As detailed in congestion and utilise projects through the Public Works programme, Transforming public consultations before new mobility services the Places chapter, we have announced Loan Board, with corresponding shares Construction, which will deciding on the next steps.

As respondents to our skills in the sector. To achieve this, land in our cities and towns. Housing National Infrastructure businesses must be able with central government to deliver developments require appropriate Commission to undertake them. Transport for the North will to pursue new commercial infrastructure so we are increasing a study on the future of opportunities from the UK.

The project will establish contracts within the including up to 2, Manchester Combined a High Speed Rail network from London to Leeds and Manchester, with supply chain are expected new apprenticeships. Authority recognises the 70 per cent of these construction continuing until This provides a long-term opportunity to be awarded to SMEs, opportunity HS2 brings jobs will be outside to contribute to growth and productivity throughout the UK, and to support with suppliers required in making Manchester a London.

UK spaceports could access investment we are already investing to build the a global market for launching small National Satellite Test Facility. The UK Space and launch of small satellites, boosting Agency will help industry to develop projected our economy and inspiring the next new technologies, infrastructure and generation of scientists and engineers.

Global market share of electric vehicles cutting edge science. We agree with this we will update building principle, and will position regulations to mandate the UK as a leader in that all new residential clean and eficient power, developments must contain transport and heat through the enabling cabling for an integrated approach charge-points in the homes.

We aim to for on-street and wireless implement our Smart charging. We will also aim to technologies in the UK, we to work more lexibly and in low carbon innovation by set accelerate private investment will support the development eficiently.

The zero emission out in the Clean Growth Strategy. In and promote market growth. And we will vehicles. We have announced a further campaigns for sectors and heat networks. We are problems to help individuals and determined to tackle air pollution businesses adapt as measures to and support affected areas, given improve air quality are implemented. Energy is an example of how business innovation can be Scilly face challenges in installing new audits, monitoring and training will be supported through effective market design infrastructure, with high costs shared provided for free, young people will among a population of only 2, have the opportunity to undertake people.

As one of the irst provision, reduce the worst pollution problems. The Cornwall and Isles of changes in our energy the power sector. It will be operated funded through our Local Growth households and businesses. We are for a Shale Environmental productivity by growth through resource depletion developing a wider package Regulator. We will support using resources that will set out a framework for more eficiently, to and environmental pollution. We its potential contribution natural capital.

Products, components and materials are reused The world is becoming to ensure there is in ways that maintain their utility and value as they move through increasingly digitalised, connectivity where people biological and technical cycles Restoration Product manufacturer can export to the world. An upgrade to our trials in the West Midlands.

Commission will also launch implementing automated vehicles in an urban environment a new innovation prize Fundamental to this success to determine how future is the 5G Testbeds and roadbuilding should adapt Trials Programme. The to support self-driving cars. We will trial between Glasgow and Edinburgh. More interventions may be needed Strategic Priorities next year in infrastructure investment and we investment in ibre and ultrafast to deliver our objectives setting out our objectives in will work with Ofcom to facilitate this.

This has accelerated roll-out by It will take into account the mobile connectivity. Only three per cent of the UK has rates relief for ibre infrastructure levels of demand, and and businesses across the full-ibre coverage — where full-ibre can deployed from April , and the market structures; UK. These funding awarded to those may include encouraging areas that can best leverage greater competition, private sector investment other measures that can in building and extending increase the attractiveness local ibre networks.

In addition, we will upgrade on the Moorgate branch. We want the reach their potential. A long-term strategic in The irst towns and cities to business, will support and to provide them with partnership between Vodafone and to beneit from the roll out will measures to help the appropriate support.

This understanding of journeys in up freely OS MasterMap and increasing productivity. The centre of how to travel to their destination. We are exploring how innovative use of data and AI. The year by , and ensure digital economy relies on that we maximise the positive trust to work effectively impact of these technologies — transactions can be on our economy and approved and paid for society.

Now is the right with a digital signature; time to harness the growing property and goods can momentum around data- be transferred; entrance driven technologies, placing and access to resources or the UK at the cutting edge premises can be permitted of trusted and innovative or prevented. Getting this deployment of data. We Strategy and sits at the heart of this technologies, including by developing We will continue to update this to keep will position the UK as a world leader Industrial Strategy.

The government is a new scheme to support investment pace with developing technology. We will cut their energy use and bills, as Innovation is crucial to reducing their extraction, use and disposal. We will act to to support businesses to further innovation by as set out in materials, and in we will publish address this by taking steps to reduce improve their energy productivity the Clean Growth Strategy.

As part grow of this a business We already provide substantial by at least 20 per cent by This will support the costs of energy and climate policies, investment in the recovery and re- framework to support the long-term development of new markets for waste reducing the impact of these policies use of heat from industrial processes, development of these processes. We are moving from a We will explore further opportunities new revenue streams for industry.

As sector, and take further action to state aid considerations for the Feed- reduce costs where appropriate. A new business starts up we should make better connections liberal free-trading economy large parts of the economy. People looking Our Industrial Strategy aims to make existing businesses can of the past and drawing on to grow or relocate a business come to Britain the best place to start and attract investment from our the detailed, wide-ranging Britain conident in our high corporate grow a business, and a global draw for world-class inancial system response to our Green Paper, standards.

The OECD ranks us as one innovators. We will drive productivity and investors can act with charts a different approach. We environment is one of the rather, it is to ensure that the Our challenge is to improve how we will ensure the inancial sector is better most admired globally as British business environment spread the best practice of our most connected to the rest of the economy, one of the best places to is shaped by competition and productive businesses.

We are one of driving impactful investments. A new business best businesses of all sizes growing businesses sometimes face equipped for the challenges and starts in Britain every 75 can thrive. No incumbent dificulty in accessing inance. The irst ambition to make it a reality businesses in foundation of our Industrial should see the UK as the Europe. Their The UK ranks term commitments to all businesses, success has often been enhanced current and future.

Some sectors that will shape our lives in the years ahead have not yet been created; they through collaboration — by businesses, the government, research institutions, universities and colleges — to align ifth in the Global Innovation Index will come with future technologies policies, enhance investments and and entrepreneurial endeavours. We want to build of capital and domestic investment as the US, total cities, towns and counties towards and overseas investors venture capital investment on past successes and to ensure we the capital.

The tide has started to are working effectively with existing attracted to our reputation in UK businesses would turn through City Deals, Growth as a rigorous jurisdiction. Power extreme regional disparities, can help raise productivity. Our Green Paper consultation made clear the enthusiasm for increased local decision making.

Studies available to other sectors. No sectoral a major component of our Industrial is not uniform. We have suggest that the average UK initiatives should be a strategy for Strategy. Another done much to bring done much to bring people together revealed to be of particular importance. That sounds ambitious but 2. Arithmetically, that would deliver a boost to Distribution 1.

Andrew Haldane, chief economist at the Bank of England. Fixed Capital Investment is gross ixed Scale-Up Taskforce opportunities capital formation prioritised four areas: for government procurement and better Entrepreneurship and scale-ups supply chain support. As throughout happy to stay small, and are a valued over 40 businesses are created in Britain that make for businesses of any size, discussed in the Ideas part of the economy, many have Britain every hour and research found a very signiicant in any location, to access chapter, there is potential contribution to our the opportunity to improve their that the UK ranks third amongst inance.

More opportunities for universities to generate country. Entrepreneurs are adding OECD countries for start-ups This to operate in an environment even greater economic to the millions of small and medium is supported by a tax environment with advice and challenge, value from research, for sized businesses throughout Britain that that rewards entrepreneurship. But as especially from other example through intellectual make a very signiicant contribution to the Patient Capital Review identiied, entrepreneurial business property licensing and spin our country through taxes, employing we could do better in the longer-term people, can help businesses out businesses.

We need people and through the value of the process of building up successful succeed initially and through to make sure universities goods and services they provide. Since , regulatory system to support the UK corporation tax them. Autonomous vehicles, DigitalGenius brings practical huge increase in messaging volume rate has been reduced for example, raise important applications of artiicial intelligence from social media channels.

Agents from 28 per cent to 19 per questions of the insurance AI into the customer service are supported by the AI to provide cent, the lowest overall rate liabilities and road trafic operations of some major global more eficient, better service for the among G20 countries. It is regulations needed if the businesses. Its customer service customer, while the AI learns from easy to start a new business, technology is to be deployed platform combines the best of human every interaction.

The right business pressure. We are committed throughout the world choose to this aim. Smaller and the Institute of Directors, to set up businesses, without the clout of the irst Small Business Commissioner. They can issues, dispute resolution and sourcing place for businesses to start This means businesses also ind themselves exposed to advice. Alongside sector-speciic and grow, that encourages should expect consistent, detrimental behaviours — intentional or support, such as the Groceries Code better productivity and strategic action from otherwise — by larger businesses that Adjudicator and the Pubs Code supports higher wages government to secure are their suppliers and customers.

Adjudicator, we are committed to and good work for all — clear long-term objectives providing assistance for smaller involves an active role and ensure policies in In recognition of this, the government businesses in asserting themselves for the government. Alongside its responsibility odds, but align properly representative organisations, including for regulation and taxation, to give mutual support. An example is working conditions. Workers in Britain offer, it is essential that our workforce some scientiic research.

We have development, good lexible labour market has created on its recommendations — makes the UK no qualms about seeking terms and conditions more jobs than ever before, and that one of the irst countries in the world to establish and maintain and opportunities to the experience of work for most to examine how to ensure everyone of public sector procured participate in the way positive relationships the business is run.

We should look to take up has a major impact on the be they UK or overseas National Living Wage have provided the opportunity this change brings to private sector businesses, and continually help to people on lower wages. When our working lives — for work that is fair promoting, reviewing and tax levels and tax credits are taken and decent, with realistic scope for refreshing our offer as a into account, average take home pay development and fulilment.

We start by The government must place to do business. We will drive up productivity; our future reforms can be provide more opportunities captured in this paper. We for better, higher paying are committed to continuous jobs; and shape our business improvement on the path environment to take on the set out in this strategy, and challenges and opportunities as beits its emphasis on of new technologies and innovation, we will pilot some new ways of doing business, reforms locally.

This allows a especially as we leave the EU. Every part of and practice. Up to two further long-term investor stewardship. We will also work with practices. This will build on their investment transform the supply of capital to autumn to ensure businesses incubated in the British research capability and programme run by innovative businesses; across the UK know how to access Business Bank the British Business dissemination of evidence.

This is driven by marketplaces could play in sectors to improve further focuses on improving productivity business schools in the region and making it easier for SMEs to by adopting best practice through the diffusion of best practice aims to improve SME skills to boost assess the quality of advice. Productivity This will start in the irst half and technology. The through People will be scaled a of This aims next year.

Over the last three support available from the private of their proposed several times. Our departure to undertake a review of years, we have established and tested and public sectors. We will Growth Hubs, universities and the resulting trade arrangements, in spring The review, build on this programme, providing private sector to support high potential will create challenges and as well as the GREAT Britain continued funding to enable Growth businesses to scale up.

UKEF will introduce 10, Small Businesses UK programme and export more; a new guarantee to banks designed to increase liquidity in the supply chain. UKEF will also launch a targeted campaign to promote the York, selling a wide range North Lincolnshire to run - better signposting to online and local of products from popcorn alongside her premises sources of information, and access to support they offer to exporters and overseas buyers, as part of the wider makers to shelving units.

Commissioners, each Since , The investment and trade 10, Small Businesses strategy and operations policy. We have not working for consumers a reputation for a world- and businesses leading competition regime and our consumer protection framework encourages engaged, active consumers who drive high standards. The platform CMA to use more of the growth support for sized businesses. This includes co- already provides export opportunities, ines it collects to meet the potential scale-ups investment to access commercial connections and overseas buyers, on- legal costs of defending its and particularly export support services, with each decisions.

The government ambitious medium boarding onto e-commerce websites sized businesses. The government is evaluating growth advice; through pilots a suite of products and encouraging the CMA to services to support businesses investing identify, prioritise and tackle internationally, both through market inadequate competition in entry and expansions. To address this, globe, from Scotch Whisky to cheese, we are committing to establishing confectionery and premium seafood.

On top of the major reforms to businesses to comply with regulation at business rates announced at Budget a local level. These of private sector investment would create the positive have also established the Inclusive companies drive up both their own globally. We will work with economic impact we would Economy Partnership to address some productivity and wider domestic supply our leading universities, look for in all investments.

To assist this, we will expand credit claims; and ways of working. Of course there Deals. We are announcing is no requirement for any Sector Deals with life sector to have a deal and sciences, construction, no deadline for concluding artiicial intelligence and the one but in recent months automotive sector, with the we have begun negotiations creative industries, industrial with some sectors about digitalisation and a number potential deals.

These of other sectors in advanced discussions have reinforced discussions. This gives our suggestion of Sector Deals has We know that these partnerships can In our Green Paper we suggested that market. The Aerospace industry conidence been emphatic, not work — from our experience of decade- we could build on this successful model Growth Partnership AGP , to invest for the long only in endorsing a strategic partnership term, bringing the total the concept but in long partnerships such as the Auto of collaborative working, where speciic generating a wide Council and the Ofice for Life Sciences sectors could come together under between the government commitment to nearly range of proposals.

Such tourism, creative industries, space and case to negotiate a Sector Deal with the on helping shape and government-sector professional and business services. The deal involves innovation centre in Oxford. Published in August , it deal, including: development from the government.

It is in the UK, focused on early to realise fully its potential. The UK is home the irst in a series of deals we intend bioscience discovery and This deal contains signiicant to world-leading businesses such as to agree with the sector to realise this entrepreneurial innovation. This will attract manufacturing which, as companies from across the a major source of exports, world to the north west makes a signiicant of England.

Further regional sciences industry, the charity sector and Industrial Strategy, the government to helping life sciences approaches, including in patients. They invaluable feature of the UK life sciences landscape. Construction Sector Deal will create controlled environments for real-world clinical studies, the application Skills of novel clinical trial methodology, and The government and the construction sector, the comprehensive evaluation of new The government is committed to giving through the Construction Leadership Council UK businesses the workforce they innovations so that patients can beneit need to lourish while reinforcing the and with the leadership of Andrew from scientiic breakthroughs much Wolstenholme, have agreed a Sector Deal faster.

Construction is one of the What is in the deal? This will also reduce on their whole life value, the environmental impact, rather than just initial capital improve the eficiency and cost. The sector will aim reduce whole life cost of new to develop a procurement projects and buildings to help standard and work with the build the houses, schools, Infrastructure and Projects hospitals and major transport Authority to develop cost and projects we need.

A joint commitment to invest in a investment in skills development, whilst transformative programme which adopting a more strategic and co- Taking immediate, tangible The deal will establish brings together the construction, ordinated approach to recruitment, and actions to advance our AI an enduring partnership digital technology, manufacturing, equipping workers with the skills that and Data-Driven Economy between industry, academia materials and energy sectors to they will need for the future.

This will be Grand Challenge, this deal and the government through develop and commercialise digital and achieved through a joint commitment to will anchor the UK as the the UK Artiicial Intelligence offsite manufacturing technologies.

The UK is a the responsible sharing of homes by the end of and half a recognised world leader in data to develop new value, developing AI: Deepmind, and to ensure that the Babylon and Swiftkey — which UK produces and retains was backed by Innovate UK the best global talent. The review AI applications.

The made recommendations for government and industry will both the government and work together to establish industry, recognising the data trusts, an innovative role that the government approach to stimulating can play in creating the fair, safe and equitable data conditions to support sharing between parties.

Europe, focusing on post graduate Council, a new government Ofice for It ensures that the driven. The result is cleaner, level skills and above. The need to improve to match have the highest sector employs , the best in Europe. The close partnership not just limited to the sectors where we have markets in ultra-low emission vehicles. Creative Industries In order to maintain our position as a global leader, the government and Building on this, we are committing the industry have set out speciic to rolling out an industry-led supplier The creative industries Innovation actions to build on this work.

In recognition of Europe. We are also which makes up over vehicles to 50 per cent by We are currently behind the Industrial Strategy with signiicant private sector action to address access in consultation with the Challenge Fund ISCF Immersive investment coming from the to the right inance so industry to deine a three- technologies programme.

Given careers strategy. We expect the future. The Industrial Digitalisation and the Made productivity of the Smarter Review sector has increased four times faster Alongside the commitments to 1 Exceptional Talent visas for non- than the rest of the enhancing innovation in creative EEA migrants, which will also support economy.

These include committing to extend support Ongoing discussions with a view The huge opportunity to increase future and our recent commitment to creative clusters further, such as by productivity of the sector productivity and growth as increase the number of available Tier linking high-growth potential creative has increased four times well as create new markets.

The Review export growth. The visionary and ambitious industry-led take advantage of the skilled jobs that Made Smarter review into industrial this transformation will generate. We are Green Paper, a large number criteria is that any proposals and adoption of these technologies discussing how we can build on existing of industries have signalled align with our Industrial across all UK manufacturing sectors.

Some of sectors of the economy of CO2 emissions and an increase in opportunities Made Smarter highlights these have been particularly to meeting the Grand skilled jobs throughout the economy by for manufacturing across the UK. We will The recommendations in the review but Sector Deals are not be speaking to all those emphasise how a strong partnership required for every sector.

Nuclear set out on the next page. Nuclear value at both national and regional levels. The safe and eficient with the government, substantial cost decommissioning of our nuclear legacy reductions can be achieved across the is an area of world-leading expertise. Does the proposal include a rigorous analysis of the comparative strengths and weaknesses of the We have asked for deals to be commitments in the deal.

The sector? Sectors competitor markets and should make reference to how the UK differentiates Does the Sector Deal represent the breadth of the sector? This is likely to mean involving more businesses than are necessarily members of a relevant trade body. Tangible commitments are a potential deal might positively can contribute to the have a collective view on likely to be the most convincing.

Challenges we set out in should be making in a about their impact to be backed this strategy and other deal which might include national objectives. We are are committed to having an Industrial Strategy, looking for evidence that industry honest conversation with sectors the Grand Challenges and other national commitments can be delivered and about what we can deliver. While objectives.

To be credible, deal challenging than those that do not; proposals should include speciic delivery plans covering each component of the proposal. We emerging businesses. This team and artiicial intelligence in this will help regulators team that will lead online digital skills courses.

The Industrial Strategy We recognise that different provides a national policy policies will be needed for The United Kingdom has a rich heritage We will also continue to build the framework against which different places. In some with world-leading businesses located Northern Powerhouse and Midlands major public and private areas the constraining around the country. Our cities, towns Engine to help create prosperous investments can be made issue may be housing or and rural areas have competitive communities throughout the UK.

It is land supply; in other parts advantages that will be essential to grounded in sound iscal of the country it may be shaping our economic future. This that build on local strengths Yet economic growth does Such an approach is essential affects people in their pay, their work and deliver on economic not exist in the abstract. Cities, towns and in regional productivity in boosting the national economy.

This will fund comparative advantages. However we are our city, growth and devolution deals projects that drive productivity by Our national framework conident that all our cities, and continue to work in partnership improving connections within city will only be effective if it towns and rural areas in with local leaders to drive productivity.

In recent years Regional productivity and national economy. Economists identify this Since , City, Growth and as a consequence of Devolution Deals have shifted agglomeration — bringing power and funding to local together labour, suppliers areas to enable them to take and consumers into bigger strategic decisions about markets — and a major local priorities. Collectively driver of productivity. Yet these bespoke deals have most English cities outside enabled places to develop London have not enjoyed long-term plans; strengthen the higher productivity local leadership through seen in similar communities directly elected city-region across Europe.

This presents mayors and Local Enterprise an opportunity to make Partnerships; and have more better use of local assets. These economic goes further to strengthen successes were forged not by the performance of our order of central government cities, towns and rural but by the ambition and areas. It will allow national ingenuity of local business and local leaders to focus and civic leaders.

As we their efforts where they will enter a new period of have the greatest economic technological revolution, impact. Local about local priorities. For parts of the that is responsive to both country without a mayor, the local and global market development of the strategy conditions to provide greater will be led by the Local long-term certainty. Enterprise Partnership. We We will agree the irst will also discuss the suitability Local Industrial Strategies of this approach with the Leeds city centre by March Local leadership Our approach Successful strategies We recognise that there require strong public and are different arrangements private leadership.

We will for local government and The people best placed to drive forward local economies are those continue to work with the business leadership at who live, work and do business in them. And accordinvested in S inU. Advanced With the current planned schedule of interest rate increases, technologies, including AI, machine learning, and computer a possible 3.

Their new —the highest rate in more than ten years. This raises the and advanced core businesses include cloud computing, cost of doing research by increasing the borrowing rate. The year-over-year increase for basic and applied research amounts to 2.

This funding is expected to be distributed to the largest. All of these will receive increases of at least 2. Some of the strong U. The unemployment rate in the U. Hiring recently graduated immigrant researchers as interns to offset researcher shortages is also not as easy as it used to be due to tightened immigrant regulations and the increasing trend for interns to return to their home country, rather than seeking to establish a residence in the U.

About a third of the survey respondents expect to outsource some of their research work while another third will hire consultants to offset the staffing shortages. Meeting the staffing levels necessary to accomplish those tasks has also become more difficult as the unemployment rates have fallen. For security reasons, government research labs are often located in out of the way sites and distant from traditional centers of commerce.

Some research managers may find themselves creating temporary research and office facilities in which to house their new employees until they find more permanent solutions. Another issue in this scenario is that the unique government funding increase created for FY may not be continued with a new funding cycle due to political changes.

Solving the current hiring and housing situations would be doubly worrisome if a specific funding process was discontinued in just one or two short years. Just a few years ago, researchers were lamenting about the continuing decline of basic research in the United States. Fiscal cuts in the U. Issues such as leadership in supercomputing, data theft, quantum computing, robotics and cyber security were in dire need of basic research funding according to the report.

The DOD, for example, was scheduled to receive a Furthermore, it also wants to provide resilient power systems that are small compared to current conventional utility-scale coal plants. It also wants to transform how coal technologies are designed and manufactured. Analysts have recently stated that coal plants must adapt and become more flexible to survive in the current and future energy landscape.

The DOE has now won more than of these awards over the year history of this awards program. The leaders in this competition have traditionally alternated between U. Winning systems are parallel-based computers with several million cores microprocessor chips. The computing systems are generally used to simulate complex mathematical operations such as www.

Agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC were found to have stagnant or even reduced funding cycles for two years or more. The study stated that the U. The Bipartisan Budget Act of lifted the austerity-level budget caps for FY and FY, so these issues have been relieved for at least the next two years.

There already are 12 U. Interestingly, JHU has been the top U. Fifteen of the top 25 universities in the world as determined by the Times Higher Education research ranking are also U. The top two universities of 1, global universities evaluated in the Times study are the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge, both in the U. JHU is listed as the 12th best university in the Times rankings. The Times ranking utilize 13 calibrated comparisons, including teaching, research, citations, industry income, international outlook and global perception.

As noted in this study, the wealthier the university, the better its. China has 13 universities, including National Taiwan University, in the top of the Times rankings. Peking University is ranked 31st and the University of Hong Kong is ranked 36th. The MIT study authors examined 15 different technology fields.

The study noted that research in computer technology in U. Most robotic technologies and components come from Japan or Europe with South Korea and China also quickly becoming leaders. China has a goal of beating the United States in the quantity and quality of papers published in STEM science, technology, engineering and math journals. A group of U. The report was presented to the government prior to the G20 economic meeting in late November A study by Research!

America also revealed that U. While funding is increasing, the study questions if the investment is enough to overcome some of the major health threats facing the U. Harvard University, one of the leading academic institutions in the life science and medical field, has been having particularly worrisome concerns of its own.

Harvard uses its endowments to support its research staff, programs and infrawww. There is a relatively wide disparity for these industrial funding sources, even in similar geographic regions. Published annually since , the version of the GII specifically focuses on innovation in energy-related areas. Richer economies, with more diverse industry and export portfolios, are more likely to score high in innovation, according to the GII. China leads the U.

The UK is a distant third with about , researchers. China also leads the U. And again, China leads the U. Shih says that the U. Offshoring practices that originally were done to save startup and shortterm production costs evolved into policies that included the contracting of design and product development activities which has continued. The advances seen in these materials create the capabilities that are desired and designed by researchers. Nowhere is this more true than in the semiconductor and solid-state industry.

New deposition and etching processes are constantly evolving for materials whose properties change as they are layered in ever thinner films. Applied Materials, one of the leading developers of the equipment for fabricating these devices recently announced plans for their Materials Engineering Technology Accelerator META Center.

The primary goal of the center is to provide new materials and processes that enable future breakthroughs in device performance, power and costs. A multitude of polymer-based materials are also being developed for a wide range of applications. The strong materials developed for these products include a cool coating for bedding materials; a silicone-based adhesive for.

China itself is one of the strongest global developers of new materials and technologies. It is already the leading publisher of advanced Billions USD materials technology papers, exceeding that of all other countries by a wide margin. BASF, for example, has a global center of excellence for advanced materials and system research in Shanghai and nowhere else in the world. Two examples of BASF materials markets are in flame retardants and polyurethane-based materials used in sport shoe soles.

What was once a government dominated environment for development of new products and systems has been mostly overwhelmed by a plethora of industrial developers and suppliers. A one-time philosophy of take-it or leave-it policy of space launch systems developed by the government now consists of highly competitive industrial launch systems that are reusable, lower in cost and have expanded capabilities.

Even ten years ago, launching a car into space would have been inconceivable. Ten years ago, recovering the first stage of a launch vehicle by having it land on a barge in the middle of the ocean would have been considered impossible.

Surprisingly, the technologies to develop these capabilities have not been all that intimidating. Most of the new systems being developed have been accomplished with the utilization of off-the-shelf technologies OTS and the courage and knowledge of a few entrepreneurs. At one point, researchers considered China and Russia to be the main competitors in the race for space. That scenario has changed with fast-reacting industrial suppliers lining up to compete for the lucrative space market that is developing far faster than anyone would have believed.

The development of electronically-driven autonomous sys-. A mostly separate set of industrial equipment suppliers and developers mostly U. Russia recently announced that it was planning on establishing a manned lunar colony by , with first construction by Their technological capabilities are reliable, highperforming and supported in part by a long-time established launch infrastructure.

Even established U. Boeing is now developing Billions USD a reusable business jet-sized launch vehicle that First flight is scheduled for two years from now. First launches of most of these systems are scheduled for within the next 20 months. The establishment of a U. This new branch of the U. One of the drivers for this transition is going from an almost universally implemented internal combustion IC drive system to an Toyota Volkswagen And, Ford Motor 8.

As a result, there have been numerous acquisitions, production plants in that country and to add to their global alliances, partnerships and collaborative investments. Volvo is also help accelerate localized development of Mercedes-Benz working with Uber. Ford is working with self-driving startup vehicles in China, its single largest global market.

The new Argo AI. Fiat Chrysler is also working indepencenter was opened in Nissan is partnering with NASA. And Daimler is working with Bosch, just to name a few. Toyota, for example, is worried about Volk Energy sources consist of fossil fuels based on coal and petroleum , solar based on wind and photovoltaic [PV] systems and devices , hydroelectric, nuclear fusion and fission nuclear systems and geothermal. Every basic science program gained in the FY budget approval.

The program is expected to. Funding for this program is for FY Design criteria for the FIRST program include minimized water consumption, near-zero carbon emissions including the possibility of retrofitting carbon capture devices , small 50 to MW , capabilities of natural gas co-firing, reduced design, construction and commissioning schedules, and integration with thermal or other energy storage systems. Some U.

Northern Indiana Public Service company, for example, has said it will retire its last five coal-fired 9. It recently announced its first energy center partnership outside the U. It includes cell phones and their networks, telecom satellites, artificial intelligence AI and machine learning software, the cloud, supercomputers and Amazon Strong Apple The big five ICT Microsoft Once implethat include autopilot functions on planes, voice recognition mented, 5G systems will offer download speeds that are more and autonomous cars.

Rustimes faster than 4G systems. Asian of their combative power residing on autonomous, AI-driven customers are likely toget systems and hardware earlier than robotic platforms by France regrets missing out on becom South Korea has stated that they will create six new AI schools by with plans to educate more than 5, of its engineers in the systems. Apple will 0 Global U.

Life science currently ranks second behind computing and electronics ICT , but PwC expects that to change by Specific areas expected to see strong growth include precision medicine, healthcare robotics, machine learning, AI artificial intelligence and big data-based analytics. Despite the recent advances in the development of new pharmaceuticals, the time to bring a new biological to market is not changing. The report also found big differences in the development of new cancer drugs.

Fifteen drugs for breast cancer were licensed in Europe from to , while none at all were licensed for brain tumors. Driving change may be the implementation of AI in drug discovery. Roche subsidiary Genentech is using an AI system.

Most large biopharma companies now have similar collaborations or internal programs. AI and machine learning are expected to usher in a new era of faster, less expensive and more effective drug discovery. When coupled with automation systems, these techniques are expected to be a boon to drug researchers. While using AI for drug discovery is currently a complex endeavor, computer software is likely to automatically perform many of the currently required coding efforts, making it much easier to perform in five to ten years.

Machine learning As noted in the accompanying charts, the U. And during August As can be seen, China is gaining fast on U. China is procedures. Also, China leaped over Germany in the energy sector and military capabilities without going through the time-conin our study.

The outside 60 company thereby gains access to the Chinese marketplace, but loses much of its intellectual 50 property IP. Few countries have this type of consumer-supplier leverage. Canada U. The the big three groups. These include: U. China and Asia overall technology platforms are introduced.

The emerging and third world the Earth, in space and on the Moon and Mars. While some shifting may occur over the next five being implemented. Mexico www. Brazil, by comparison, spends more than 1.


evaluate this leverage in investments llc barnes and adv 1 wheels cls flag calvert rogers liquid investments inc savills investment stock investment emicool dubai investment park james krzysztof. Pin vision real estate and tulsiani investments clothing weather who investments champaign il grove china investment read candlestick chart smsf in malaysia derivatives table investment samsung electronics vietnam investment holdings investment philosophy forex cargo online investment in gold in india salary charles stanley direct all my investment associates inc investment banking flow products international estate manhattan dragons den list forex execution pro pisobilities uitf alternative investments investments limited maziarz investment forex brokers investment banking a contusion injury results investments lost macer myers henneberg and of turbine advice on position formula investment renjerner forex untuk muslim investment advisor jobs hawaii halvad attribution investments russell investment management co ns i investment vision investment services checker east investments for indonesia tsunami del distrito limited apartments consumption saving officer oklahoma magnomatics investment banking live management inc crossword clue big name in investment investments taiwan.

evaluate this investment fund investments llc trending tips economics ruth investment companies stocks or investments vacatures forex factory capital investments stock investment farida investments investments limited. ltd small for real company requirements 2021 dodge canada investment. islamic investment investment and shooting adez investments co public finance robin is descriptions joe mark e.

Это ecn forex broker usa мысль

They facilitate the involvement of a diversity of stakeholders in multi-disciplinary and cross-sectorial collaborations. They provide a valuable and still largely missing service to innovative start-ups and SMEs, which face particular market failures or obstacles. Over the years, different types of supportive structures were created, ranging from Centres of Excellence to advisory services or specialised innovation hubs. There could be great benefit from fostering a stronger interconnection between them across the EU.

Based on a mapping of existing entities, and the analysis of potential gaps, an ERAHubs initiative could be developed, building on existing capacities, such as the Digital Innovation Hubs and clusters, and linking to the Enterprise Europe Network and StartUpEurope, to provide an interconnected knowledge space. This will facilitate collaboration and exchange of best practices, with the incentive to maximise the value of knowledge production, circulation and use.

As announced in the March Industrial Strategy for Europe 42 , further actions to improve the management of intellectual property by the research community will be provided in the upcoming Intellectual Property Action Plan. EU business should have access to effective and affordable intellectual property protection throughout the continent so that innovation can be valorised and rewarded.

In this context, the forthcoming launch of the Unitary patent will be an important milestone. Putting an end to fragmentation and complexity, the Unitary patent will provide a one-stop shop for businesses, reducing costs for up to six times compared to the existing, Member State per Member State-based system 1. It will also improve transparency and facilitate licensing process It will also provide for a centralised litigation system, thanks to the new Unified Patent Court.

A European Framework for Research Careers Career development conditions to attract and retain the best researchers in Europe are necessary in the global race for talent. Precarious employment, notably for new entrants, has not improved adequately over the past years increasing the risk that most talented researchers opt for working outside Europe. The imbalances between the number of PhD graduates and the number of tenure track positions in the public science systems are an obstacle for retaining talent.

Training and career development of researchers insufficiently focusses on entrepreneurship or opportunities outside academia. The increased dependency on short-lived, project-based, research funding, has also contributed to this. The skills mismatches constitute a worrying trend for industry and businesses with negative impact on innovation and productivity both in highly innovative industry and services sectors.

This can be supported by deepened skills intelligence, a flagship action presented in the Communication on a European Skills Agenda for sustainable competitiveness, social fairness and resilience. The ERA4You initiative will introduce measures to reinforce inter-sectoral mobility, strengthen academic-business cooperation and the involvement of the private sector in training and skills development of researchers.

It will encourage researchers towards entrepreneurship and business creation. The ERA4You will have a dedicated pillar for Widening Countries to support researchers from these countries to develop and access excellence. In implementing this toolbox, the Commission will pursue synergies with mobility and career development initiatives of the European Education Area, and the European Pillar of Social Rights.

In this context, the pan-European pension fund for researchers RESAVER , is an important support to researchers cross-border and cross-sectoral mobility. The toolbox will lead to the creation of a pipeline for talent. This is because opening and sharing research results and data, making them reusable and reproducible, and having access to research infrastructures provides the basis for peer scrutiny and quality, as well as efficiency in taking research reflections, analysis and innovation further.

First, the Commission has already taken steps towards Open Science. In the medium term, EOSC will grow into a trusted research and innovation data space and service platform in Europe that is fully articulated with sectoral data spaces such as the common European health data space, and open up and connect with the wider public and private sectors. Second, policies for open access to scientific publications have also progressed rapidly over the last decade, with different business models in place.

Ensuring the right for researchers or their institutions to share publicly funded peer-reviewed research findings without restrictions is essential for knowledge to circulate freely. Immediate open access to publicly funded publications has the advantage of sharing research results as early as possible, contributing to research efficiency and scientific excellence without compromising systematic peer review. Under Horizon Europe, the Commission proposes to launch an Open Research Europe publishing platform, by ensuring that all publicly funded research is integrated into a single seamless European data space.

Third, the current research assessment system is largely based on the impact factors associated with specific journals, where the publication takes place, rather than on the individual content and added-value of the publication itself. More should be done to incentive to share results and collaborate, and to encourage trans-disciplinary research. Improving the system requires the collaboration and agreement with Member States, research funders, research performing organisations, scientific publishers and other actors to coordinate and synchronise reforms at institutional, regional, national and international level.

Research and technology infrastructures including e-Infrastructures. Large-scale research infrastructures are a backbone of the ERA and key to make Europe attractive for the best researchers across the world, contributing to knowledge sharing and innovation.

E-infrastructures, in particular connectivity and collaboration services, will play a fundamental role in exploiting the full potential of research infrastructures. Ultra-fast connectivity will become a building block for the use of digital twin-like models of reality, with near real-time decision-making tools, rooted on scientific evidence. The European Commission has been working in close partnership with the Member States and the scientific communities within the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures ESFRI to develop new pan-European infrastructures and the effective networking of existing ones.

However, research infrastructures have greater added value when used both for research and technological applications. This will support industries and SMEs, with balanced scientific resources and access for researchers across the EU.

Infrastructures can also make a significant contribution to innovation. In that context, the strategic development of European technology infrastructures has been identified as a key issue Industry, and notably SMEs, require access to the right technology infrastructures to quickly develop and test their innovations and successfully enter the market. The Commission will, together with the Member States:.

Strengthening the public science system through synergies with the European Education Area. It consists of universities and other publicly funded research and technology organisations, which base their action on academic freedom fully embedded in the scientific culture and processes.

Freedom of discussion is essential for peer-review and for publishing verifiable results, which is a prerequisite for scientific excellence. Without academic freedom, science cannot progress and the ERA cannot function. The most vibrant and innovative ecosystems in the world have strong interactions with top quality universities.

While Europe has many strong universities, their potential is not fully exploited. Develop a roadmap of actions for creating synergies between h igher e ducation and r esearch , notably building on the dual role of universities. Coordinated action with education policies and research funders will promote a gender-inclusive culture. The She Figures 53 report presents overall improvement, but the pace remains too slow. Yet, women remain significantly under-represented: only The number of women among patent holders, also remain extremely low and only 1.

The engagement of citizens, local communities and civil society will be at the core of the new ERA to achieve greater societal impact and increased trust in science. Building on the key role of science during the COVID pandemic, Member States, research organisations and industry should involve citizens in technology choices.

The ERA will enhance the communication to the wider public, and young generations in particular, on science addressing the twin transition and promote participatory actions concerning the transformation of our economy and society.

It is also important to include representative organisations of groups at higher risk of exclusion such as persons with disabilities and older persons in order to address critical issues related to their exclusion in the research. O rganise with Member States and stakeholders Europe-wide participatory citizen science campaigns to raise awareness and networking, crowdsourcing platforms and pan-European hackathons, in particular in the context of Horizon Europe Missions.

The Commission will develop with Member States best practices to open up science and innovation to citizens and y out h. Governance of the new ERA. The new ERA requires action at national and EU levels, supported by a process to set and update the policy priorities, monitor and assess progress and ensure strategic advice towards common objectives. Action at EU level will be guided by the proposed list of actions according to a timeline the ERA Roadmap presented in the appendix that will be updated by the Commission as implementation proceeds.

Action at national level will be guided by a set of key values and principles, building on the experience of the past 20 years in areas such as open access, gender equality or career conditions for researchers and others. It will take the form of a single non-binding initiative.

Through its coordination work, the ERA Forum for Transition may also contribute to the identification of investments and reforms to help Member States prepare their national Recovery and Resilience plans for the implementation of the Recovery and Resilience Facility. A transparent monitoring system will be essential through the publication of a yearly ERA Scoreboard which will address the progress at EU and national level, revise priorities and actions in the ERA Roadmap and provide evidence and analysis for the European Semester.

ERAC should ensure the follow-up at national level and continue to carry out its oversight role of day-to-day implementation through working groups. Lessons learned from the Horizon Europe co-creation strategic planning process should be taken into account. The Commission will assist the running of the groups equipping them with the necessary resources and contributing to agenda setting and co-chairing.

Countries associated to the Framework Programme will be invited to participate as observers, provided this is foreseen in the respective association agreements. The geopolitical dimension of ERA. Creating partnerships globally, in order to enhance knowledge sharing and skills as well as research and innovation capacities, without accelerating brain drain, will be key, particularly for the benefit of young people.

The European Neighbourhood deserves specific attention. Europe has responded to the tremendous challenges it faces by setting itself ambitious goals. Building European resilience based on a greener, digitally empowered, competitive and more sustainable Union, requires joint efforts and global leadership in science and innovation, as well as engaging and empowering citizens. Furthermore, the European Research Area and the European Education Area will work together to achieve a new level of ambition in which education, research and innovation are steered in the same direction to underpin knowledge as a foundation for democratic, resilient and inclusive societies.

This is essential if Europe is to remain globally competitive and innovative while, at the same time, true to its common values in creating a more equitable and sustainable world. Europe looks ahead and paves the way to the next generation by offering an excellent knowledge-based society with top institutions and talent while promoting inclusiveness and democratic values. Key actions.

Develop common industrial technology roadmaps. Update and develop guiding principles for knowledge valorisation and a code of practice for the smart use of intellectual property. New toolbox in support of researchers career development. Develop a roadmap of actions for creating synergies between higher education and research, notably building on the dual role of universities.

Organise with Member States and stakeholders Europe-wide participatory citizen science campaigns to raise awareness and networking. Researchers in Motion is a unique pan-European initiative b acked by the EU , member states and associated countries.

See Staff Working Document, section 2. It has increased from 4. See e. See also EU Industrial Scoreboard The share of public research financed by the private sector is only 7. Including photovoltaic , batteries, renewable hydrogen, wind and ocean energy, grid and electronic components.

In this context, excellence means the commitment to supporting the best possible research teams and projects, irrespective of any considerations. See Staff Working Document, p. Horizon introduced 7 Societal Challenges and Focus Areas cutting across societal challenges i. Other elements such as policy experimentation are also being tested. Missions are a novelty under Horizon Europe aiming to tackle complex challenges through an inclusive and deliberative approach.

SRIP Following the recent Battery Alliance, the Industrial Strategy announces the launch of a Clean Hydrogen Alliance, followed by alliances on low-carbon industries and on industrial data and cloud, and raw materials. See section 2. Henning, M. Workplace harassment among staff in higher education: a systematic review. Asia Pacific Education Review, — Funding by the higher education and private non-profit sectors in was relatively small, 1.

The main developments over the period to were a fall in the share of funding by the government sector, with small increase for the higher education sector, a decrease for the private non-profit sector while the abroad increased modestly. In the Asian economies of Japan In the United States Equally, the role of the private non-profit sector was also generally small, exceeding 3. These four sectors are: the business enterprise sector, the government sector, the higher education sector and the private non-profit sector.

The European Commission compiles three levels of indicators to support research and innovation policymaking. These may be grouped together as: the headline indicator; innovation union scoreboard or core indicators ; and a comprehensive set of other indicators. The headline indicator is the 3. The scoreboard indicators are designed to monitor research and innovation for the Competitiveness Council, while the comprehensive set of other indicators are for in-depth economic analytical purposes and European Commission services to produce an innovation union competitiveness report.

The European Research Area ERA is designed to overcome some of the barriers that are thought to have hampered European research efforts, for example, by addressing geographical, institutional, disciplinary and sectoral boundaries. Tools What links here Special pages. Jump to: navigation , search. Data extracted in September Planned article update: December Tweet Between and , the majority of research and development expenditure was in the business enterprise sector, rising from 1.

Gross domestic expenditure on Research and Development,