Therefore, it is important to re-design the tsunami warning system, especially in this region, in order to mitigate tsunami risk to coastal region of western Sumatera. Source fault model of the off the pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, estimated from the detailed distribution of tsunami run-up heights.
The distribution of tsunami run-up heights generally has spatial variations, because run-up heights are controlled by coastal topography including local-scale landforms such as natural levees, in addition to land use. Focusing on relationships among coastal topography, land conditions, and tsunami run-up heights of historical tsunamis—Meiji Sanriku A.
Small bays facing the Pacific Ocean are sensitive to short wavelength tsunamis , and large bays are sensitive to long wavelength tsunamis. The tsunami observed off Kamaishi during the off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake was composed of both short and long wavelength components.
We examined run-up heights of the Tohoku tsunami , and found that: 1 coastal areas north of Kamaishi and south of Yamamoto were mainly attacked by short wavelength tsunamis ; and 2 no evidence of short wavelength tsunamis was observed from Ofunato to the Oshika Peninsula. This observation coincides with the geomorphologically proposed source fault model, and indicates that the extraordinary large slip along the shallow part of the plate boundary off Sendai, proposed by seismological and geodesic analyses, is not needed to explain the run-up heights of the Tohoku tsunami.
To better understand spatial variations of tsunami run-up heights, submarine crustal movements, and source faults, a detailed analysis is required of coastal topography, land conditions, and submarine tectonic landforms from the perspective of geomorphology.
Hazardous waste research and development in the Pacific Basin. The effective management of hazardous waste is an issue that all countries of the Pacific Basin must address. By very rough estimates, almost million metric tons of hazardous wastes are being generated every year in the region. While the data are not consistently defined and reported, they do indicate the extent of the problem.
Increasing development brings along an increase in the rate of hazardous waste generation. On this basis, the developing countries of the region can be expected to experience some of the same problems of the developed countries as their economies become more industrialized. Fundamental problems are involved in the compilation of consistent hazardous-waste generation statistics in the Pacific Basin. One involves the definition of what constitutes hazardous waste. Review of the 6th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference.
This paper reviews the 6th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference on eight monographs. These monographs are present status and prospects of nucliar energy, advancement of commercial power reactor, advanced nuclear reactor and research and test reactor, perspectives on nuclear power safety in 's, application of radioisotope and irradiation technique, advancement in nuclear fuel, improvement of nuclear power plant management and regional cooperation and personnel training.
Hazardous waste management in the Pacific basin. Cirillo, R. Hazardous waste control activities in Asia and the Pacific have been reviewed. It covers the sources of hazardous waste, the government structure for dealing with hazardous waste, and current hazardous waste control activities in each country. In addition, the hazardous waste program activities of US government agencies, US private-sector organizations, and international organizations are reviewed.
The objective of these reviews is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current hazardous waste problems and the waste management approaches being used to address them so that new program activities can be designed more efficiently. The earthquake had a thrust-fault focal mechanism and occurred at shallow depth between 15 km and 25 km beneath the island arc. The combined effects of the earthquake and tsunami caused dozens of fatalities and thousands remain without shelter.
We present a preliminary analysis of the Mw Modeling tsunami -wave propagation indicates that some of the islands are so close to the earthquake epicenter that they were hard hit by tsunami waves as soon as 5 min. The South China Sea SCS and its adjacent small basins including Sulu Sea and Celebes Sea are commonly identified as tsunami -prone region by its historical records on seismicity and tsunamis.
However, quantification of tsunami hazard in the SCS region remained an intractable issue due to highly complex tectonic setting and multiple seismic sources within and surrounding this area. Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Assessment PTHA is performed in the present study to evaluate tsunami hazard in the SCS region based on a brief review on seismological and tsunami records. Considering a lack of consensus on magnitude upper bound on each seismic source, as well as its critical role in PTHA, the major concern of the present study is to define the upper and lower limits of tsunami hazard in the SCS region comprehensively by adopting different corner magnitudes that could be derived by multiple principles and approaches, including TGR regression of historical catalog, fault-length scaling, tectonic and seismic moment balance, and repetition of historical largest event.
The results show that tsunami hazard in the SCS and adjoining basins is subject to large variations when adopting different corner magnitudes, with the upper bounds times of the lower. The probabilistic tsunami hazard maps for specified return periods reveal much higher threat from Cotabato Trench and Sulawesi Trench in the Celebes Sea, whereas tsunami hazard received by the coasts of the SCS and Sulu Sea is relatively moderate, yet non-negligible.
By combining empirical method with numerical study of historical tsunami events, the present PTHA results are tentatively validated. The correspondence lends confidence to our study. Considering the proximity of major sources to population-laden cities. Place-classification analysis of community vulnerability to near-field tsunami threats in the U. Pacific Northwest. Near-field tsunami hazards are credible threats to many coastal communities throughout the world.
Along the U. Pacific Northwest coast, low-lying areas could be inundated by a series of catastrophic tsunamis that begin to arrive in a matter of minutes following a major Cascadia subduction zone CSZ earthquake.
Previous research has documented the residents, employees, tourists at public venues, customers at local businesses, and vulnerable populations at dependent-care facilities that are in CSZ-related tsunami -prone areas of northern California, Oregon, and the open-ocean coast of Washington.
Community inventories of demographic attributes and other characteristics of the at-risk population have helped emergency managers to develop preparedness and outreach efforts. Although useful for distinct risk-reduction issues, these data can be difficult to fully appreciate holistically given the large number of community attributes. This presentation summarizes analytical efforts to classify communities with similar characteristics of community exposure to tsunami hazards.
This work builds on past State-focused inventories of community exposure to CSZ-related tsunami hazards in northern California, Oregon, and Washington. Attributes used in the classification, or cluster analysis, fall into several categories, including demography of residents, spatial extent of the developed footprint based on mid-resolution land cover data, distribution of the local workforce, and the number and type of public venues, dependent-care facilities, and community-support businesses.
Ultimately we selected class solutions that provided the appropriate balance between parsimony and model fit. The goal of the exposure classification is to provide emergency managers with. McAdoo, Brian G. The coral reef bordering the coastline of Samoa affected by the 29 September tsunami provides a variety of ecosystem services — from nurseries for fisheries and inshore source of food for local communities, to aesthetics for tourists, and the width of the lagoon may have been a factor in reducing the onshore wave height.
To understand the complex interactions between the onshore human population and the offshore coral, we formed an interdisciplinary survey team to document the effects the tsunami had on the nearshore coral reef, and how these changes might affect local inhabitants. The scale of reef damage varied from severe, where piles of freshly-killed coral fragments and mortality were present, to areas that exhibited little impact, despite being overrun by the tsunami. We found that many coral colonies were impacted by tsunami -entrained coral debris, which had been ripped up and deposited on the fore reef by repeated cyclones and storm waves.
In other places, large surface area tabular coral sustained damage as the tsunami velocity increased as it was funneled through channels. Areas that lacked debris entrained by the waves as well as areas in the lee of islands came through relatively unscathed, with the exception of the delicate corals that lived on a sandy substrate. In the lagoon on the south coast with its steep topography, coral colonies were damaged by tsunami -generated debris from onshore entrained in the backwash.
Despite the potential for severe tsunami -related damage, there were no noticeable decreases in live coral cover between successive surveys at two locations, although algal cover was higher with the increased nutrients mobilized by the tsunami. While there was an immediate decrease in fish takes in the month following the tsunami , when supporting services were likely impacted, both volume and income have rapidly increased to pre- tsunami levels.
Long-term monitoring should be implemented to determine if nursery services were affected. Nuclear waste disposal technology for Pacific Basin countries. Safe long-term disposal of nuclear wastes is technically feasible.
Further technological development offers the promise of reduced costs through elimination of unnecessary conservatism and redundance in waste disposal systems. The principal deterrents to waste disposal are social and political. The issues of nuclear waste storage and disposal are being confronted by many nuclear power countries including some of the Pacific Basin nuclear countries.
Both mined geologic and subseabed disposal schemes are being developed actively. The countries of the Pacific Basin , because of their geographic proximity, could benefit by jointly planning their waste disposal activities. A single repository, of a design currently being considered, could hold all the estimated reprocessing waste from all the Pacific Basin countries past the year As a start, multinational review of alterntive disposal schemes would be beneficial.
This review should include the subseabed disposal of radwastes. A multinational review of radwaste packaging is also suggested. Packages destined for a common repository, even though they may come from several countries, should be standardized to maximize repository efficiency and minimize operator exposure.
Since package designs may be developed before finalization of a repository scheme and design, the packages should not have characteristics that would preclude or adversely affect operation of desirable repository options. The sociopolitical problems of waste disposal are a major deterrent to a multinational approach to waste disposal.
The elected representatives of a given political entity have generally been reluctant to accept the waste from another political entity. Initial studies would, nevertheless, be beneficial either to a common solution to the problem, or to aid in separate solutions.
Historic and ancient tsunamis uncovered on the Jalisco-Colima Pacific coast, the Mexican subduction zone. Tectonic map of the Circum- Pacific region, Pacific basin sheet. Scheibner, E. Circum- Pacific Map Project: The Circum- Pacific Map Project was a cooperative international effort designed to show the relationship of known energy and mineral resources to the major geologic features of the Pacific basin and surrounding continental areas.
Available geologic, mineral, and energy-resource data are being complemented by new, project-developed data sets such as magnetic lineations, seafloor mineral deposits, and seafloor sediment. Earth scientists representing some organizations from more than 40 Pacific -region countries are involved in this work.
Six overlapping equal-area regional maps at a scale of ,, form the cartographic base for the project: the four Circum- Pacific Quadrants Northwest, Southwest, Southeast, and Northeast , and the Antarctic and Arctic Sheets. There is also a Pacific Basin Sheet at a scale of ,, The Base Map Series and the Geographic Series published from to , the Plate-Tectonic Series published in and , the Geodynamic Series published in and , and the Geologic Series published from to all include six map sheets.
Altogether, more than 50 map sheets are planned. Geological Survey and are available from the Branch of Distribution, U. The Circum- Pacific Map Project is organized under six panels of geoscientists representing national earth-science organizations, universities, and natural-resource companies. The six panels correspond to the basic map areas.
Dalziel Antarctic Region , vacant. Southeast Quadrant , Kenneth J. Drummond Northeast Quadrant , and. Pedestrian flow-path modeling to support tsunami evacuation and disaster relief planning in the U. Successful evacuations are critical to saving lives from future tsunamis.
Pedestrian-evacuation modeling related to tsunami hazards primarily has focused on identifying areas and the number of people in these areas where successful evacuations are unlikely. Less attention has been paid to identifying evacuation pathways and population demand at assembly areas for at-risk individuals that may have sufficient time to evacuate. We use the neighboring coastal communities of Hoquiam, Aberdeen, and Cosmopolis Washington, USA and the local tsunami threat posed by Cascadia subduction zone earthquakes as a case study to explore the use of geospatial, least-cost-distance evacuation modeling for supporting evacuation outreach, response, and relief planning.
We demonstrate an approach that uses geospatial evacuation modeling to a map the minimum pedestrian travel speeds to safety, the most efficient paths, and collective evacuation basins , b estimate the total number and demographic description of evacuees at predetermined assembly areas, and c determine which paths may be compromised due to earthquake-induced ground failure.
Results suggest a wide range in the magnitude and type of evacuees at predetermined assembly areas and highlight parts of the communities with no readily accessible assembly area. Earthquake-induced ground failures could obstruct access to some assembly areas, cause evacuees to reroute to get to other assembly areas, and isolate some evacuees from relief personnel.
Evacuation-modeling methods and results discussed here have implications and application to tsunami -evacuation outreach, training, response procedures, mitigation, and long-term land use planning to increase community resilience. Unearthing earthquakes and their tsunamis using multiple proxies: the 22 June event and a probable fourteenth-century predecessor on the Pacific coast of Mexico. The deep and wide canyons or valleys produce very rough seafloor morphology between 50 and m water.
Between slope breaks, the undulating, hilly and circular features dominate, possibly caused by landslides. We observed a set of southwestward dipping back thrust bounding the NE margin of the Mentawai Island. Keywords: submarine landslide, tsunami , Mentawai basin , Sumatra. Data batimetri dan seismik baru telah dihasilkan selama survey kelautan PreTi-Gap 15 Februari hingga 6 Maret Survei dilaksanakan sepanjang tepian timurlaut P. Mentawai menggunakan peralatan multibeam, seismic saluran ganda 28 kanal dengan sumber energi airgun.
Sasaran pertama adalah memetakan kawasan pulau dekat pusat gempa tahun Kenampakan batimetri dangkal dicirikan dengan adanya dataran terumbu karang yang secara perlahan mengalami penurunan tanpa aktifitas sesar. Lebih jauh ke Utar, dari Pagai Selatan ke utara P. Siberut, morfologi dasar laut memperlihatkan perubahan secara signifikan, dimana lembah dasar laut. Marine debris from the Great Tsunami of represents a unique transport vector for Japanese species to reach Pacific North America and Hawaii.
Here we characterize the invasion risk of invertebrate species associated with tsunami debris using a screening-level risk assessment tool - the Canadian Marine Invasive Screening Tool CMIST. Higher-risk invertebrate invaders were identified for each of five different ecoregions. Some of these are well-known global invaders, such as the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis and the ascidian Didemnum vexillum which already have invasion histories in some of the assessed ecoregions, while others like the sea star Asterias amurensis and the shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus have yet to invade large portions of the assessed ecoregions but also are recognized global invaders.
In general, the probability of invasion was lower for the Gulf of Alaska and Hawaii, in part due to lower climate matches and the availability of other invasion vectors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Porter, K. The U. Geological Survey and several partners operate a program called Science Application for Risk Reduction SAFRR that produces among other things emergency planning scenarios for natural disasters.
The scenarios show how science can be used to enhance community resiliency. The SAFRR Tsunami Scenario describes potential impacts of a hypothetical, but realistic, tsunami affecting California as well as the west coast of the United States, Alaska, and Hawaii for the purpose of informing planning and mitigation decisions by a variety of stakeholders.
The scenario begins with an Mw 9. Fire and business interruption losses will substantially add to direct losses. Flooding affects , residents and workers. A wide range of environmental impacts could occur. An extensive public education and outreach program is underway, as well as an evaluation of the overall effort.
Numerical tsunami simulations in the western Pacific Ocean and East China Sea from hypothetical M 9 earthquakes along the Nankai trough. We carried out tsunami numerical simulations in the western Pacific Ocean and East China Sea in order to examine the behavior of massive tsunami outside Japan from the hypothetical M 9 tsunami source models along the Nankai Trough proposed by the Cabinet Office of Japanese government The distribution of MTHs maximum tsunami heights for 24 h after the earthquakes on the east coast of China, the east coast of the Philippine Islands, and north coast of the New Guinea Island show peaks with approximately 1.
They are significantly higher than that from the Ho'ei earthquake M 8. Moreover, the MTH distributions vary with the location of the huge slip s in the tsunami source models although the three coasts are far from the Nankai trough. The tsunami source model was developed for responding to the unexpected occurrence of the Tohoku Earthquake, with 11 models along the Nanakai trough, and simulated MTHs along the Pacific coasts of the western Japan from these models exceed 10 m, with a maximum height of Because water depth of the East China Sea is shallower than m, the tsunami propagation is likely to be affected by the ocean bottom fiction.
For long propagation of tsunami we simulated tsunamis for 24 hours after the earthquakes. This study was supported by the"New disaster mitigation research project on Mega thrust earthquakes around Nankai. The investigations were expected to support classification of earthquake site effects for the reconstruction of buildings and infrastructure as well as for groundwater exploration.
The study focussed on the city of Banda Aceh and the surroundings of Aceh Besar. The shear-wave seismic surveys were done parallel to standard geoengineering investigations like cone penetrometer tests to support subsequent site specific statistical calibration. They were also partly supplemented by shallow p-wave seismics for the identification of a elastic subsurface parameters and b zones with abundance of groundwater.
Evaluation of seismic site effects based on shallow reflection seismics has in fact been found to be a highly useful method in Aceh province. In particular, use of a vibratory seismic source was essential for successful application of shear-wave seismics in the city of Banda Aceh and in areas with compacted ground like on farm tracks in the surroundings, presenting mostly agricultural land use areas. We thus were able to explore the mechanical stiffness of the subsurface down to m depth, occasionally even deeper, with remarkably high resolution.
The results were transferred into geotechnical site classification in terms of the International Building Code IBC, The seismic images give also insights into the history of the basin sedimentation processes of the Krueng Aceh River delta, which is relevant for the exploration of new areas for construction of safe foundations of buildings and for identification of fresh water aquifers in the tsunami.
Projecting community changes in hazard exposure to support long-term risk reduction: A case study of tsunami hazards in the U. Tsunamis have the potential to cause considerable damage to communities along the U. Pacific Northwest coastline. As coastal communities expand over time, the potential societal impact of tsunami inundation changes.
To understand how community exposure to tsunami hazards may change in coming decades, we projected future development i. We then compared our development projection results to tsunami -hazard zones associated with a Cascadia subduction zone CSZ earthquake. Changes in tsunami -hazard exposure by were estimated for 50 incorporated cities, 7 tribal reservations, and 17 counties relative to current estimates. Across the region, population exposure in tsunami -hazard zones was projected to increase by households and residents.
The top ten communities with highest population exposure to CSZ-related tsunamis in are projected to remain the areas with the highest population exposure by The largest net population increases in tsunami -hazard zones were projected in the unincorporated portions of several counties, including Skagit, Coos, and Humboldt. Land-change simulation modeling of projected future development serves as an exploratory tool aimed at helping local governments understand the hazard-exposure implications of community growth and to include this knowledge in risk-reduction planning.
Tsunami waves generated by submarine landslides of variable volume: analytical solutions for a basin of variable depth. Full Text Available Tsunami wave generation by submarine landslides of a variable volume in a basin of variable depth is studied within the shallow-water theory. In these cases the basic equations can be reduced to the constant-coefficient wave equation with the forcing determined by the landslide motion.
For certain conditions on the landslide characteristics speed and volume per unit cross-section the wave field can be described explicitly. It is represented by one forced wave propagating with the speed of the landslide and following its offshore direction, and two free waves propagating in opposite directions with the wave celerity.
If the landslide is moving in the fully resonant regime the explicit formula for the amplitude of the wave can be derived. It is demonstrated that generally tsunami wave amplitude varies non-monotonically with distance. Subaerial records of large-scale explosive volcanism and tsunami along an oceanic arc, Tonga, SW Pacific. We present a new chronology of major terrestrial eruptions and tsunami events for the central Tongan Arc.
The active Tonga-Kermadec oceanic arc extends km northward of New Zealand and hosts many tens of submarine volcanoes with around a dozen forming islands. Despite its obious volcanic setting, the impacts of explosive volcanism and volcano-tectonic related tsunami are an often overlooked in archaeological and paleo-botanical histories, mainly due the lack of good Holocene subaerial exposures.
The inhabited small uplifted coral platform islands east of the volcanic arc in Tonga collectively cover only gods flying overhead with baskets of ash, and an analysis of the high-level wind distribution patterns, lake and wetland sites were investigated along the Tongan chain. In most cases former lagoon basins lifted above sea-level by a combination of tectonic rise and the lowering of mean sea levels by around 2 m since the Mid-Holocene form closed lake or swampy depressions.
Coring reveaed between 6 and 20 mineral layers at each site, withn humic sediment or peat. Over thirty new radiocarbon dates were collected to develop a chronology for the sequences and the mineral layers were examined mineralogically and geochemically. These sites reveal mainly tephra fall layers of particles. The abyssal and deep circulation of the Northeast Pacific Basin. The Northeast Pacific Basin is primarily sourced from its northern boundary, at a rate of 3.
The region has very weak diapycnal and lateral mixing, and an aspect ratio for the overturning circulation that is correspondingly flat, with bottom water parcels rising less than 1 km during their long transit from the Aleutian Trench to the latitude of Hawaii.
Probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment from incomplete and uncertain historical catalogues with application to tsunamigenic regions in the Pacific Ocean. The three. Numerical modelling and evacuation strategies for tsunami awareness: lessons from the Haida Gwaii Tsunami.
On October 28, , an earthquake occurred offshore Canada, with a magnitude Mw of 7. The tsunami numerical model results show it would not be expected to generate widespread inundation on Hawaii. Since the state was hit by several tsunamis in the past, regular siren exercises, tsuna The three coastline-characteristic recurrence parameters are estimated locally by maximum likelihood techniques using only tsunami event catalogues.
The method provides for incompleteness of the tsunami catalogue, uncertainty in the tsunami intensity determination, and uncertainty associated with the parameters in the applied tsunami occurrence models. Aleatory and epistemic uncertainty is introduced in the tsunami models by means of the use of mixture distributions. The proposed procedure was applied to estimate the probabilities of exceedance and return periods for tsunamis in the tsunamigenic regions of Japan, Kuril-Kamchatka, and South America.
Historical Tsunami Event Locations with Runups. The model contains two oceans the Indian and Pacific Ocean separated by a meridional wall. Interaction between the basins is possible via the atmosphere overlaying both basins. In addition, inspired by analysis of observational data Wieners et al, Coherent tropical Indo- Pacific interannual climate variability, in review , we investigate the effect of state-dependent atmospheric noise.
Mapping basin -wide subaquatic slope failure susceptibility as a tool to assess regional seismic and tsunami hazards. With increasing awareness of oceanic geohazards, submarine landslides are gaining wide attention because of their catastrophic impacts on both offshore infrastructures e.
They also are of great interest because they can be directly related to primary trigger mechanisms including earthquakes, rapid sedimentation, gas release, glacial and tidal loading, wave action, or clathrate dissociation, many of which represent potential geohazards themselves.
In active tectonic environments, for instance, subaquatic landslide deposits can be used to make inferences regarding the hazard derived from seismic activity. Enormous scientific and economic efforts are thus being undertaken to better determine and quantify causes and effects of natural hazards related to subaquatic landslides. In order to achieve this fundamental goal, the detailed study of past events, the assessment of their recurrence intervals and the quantitative reconstruction of magnitudes and intensities of both causal and subsequent processes and impacts are key requirements.
Here we present data and results from a study using fjord-type Lake Lucerne in central Switzerland as a "model ocean" to test a new concept for the assessment of regional seismic and tsunami hazard by basin -wide mapping of critical slope stability conditions for subaquatic landslide initiation. Previously acquired high-resolution bathymetry and reflection seismic data as well as sedimentological and in situ geotechnical data, provide a comprehensive data base to investigate subaquatic landslides and related geohazards.
Available data are implemented into a basin -wide slope model. In a Geographic Information System GIS -framework, a pseudo-static limit equilibrium infinite slope stability equation is solved for each model point representing reconstructed slope conditions at different times in the past, during which earthquake-triggered landslides.
It is the most Development of tsunami hazard analysis. In order to prepare the guidebook of tsunami deposits survey and to develop the method of tsunami source estimation on the basis of tsunami deposits, JNES carried out the following issues; 1 organizing information of paleoseismological record and tsunami deposit by literature research, and 2 field survey on tsunami deposit to prepare the guidebook.
As to 1 , we especially gear to tsunami deposits distributed in the Pacific coast of Tohoku region, and organize the information gained about tsunami deposits in the database. In addition, as to 2 , we consolidate methods for surveying and identifying tsunami deposits in the lake based on results of the field survey in Fukui Pref. These results are reflected in the guidebook on the tsunami deposits in the lake as needed.
Pacific Northwest Invited. Pacific Northwest coast, low-lying areas could be inundated by a series of catastrophic tsunami waves that begin to arrive in a matter of minutes following a Cascadia subduction zone CSZ earthquake. This presentation summarizes analytical efforts to classify communities with similar characteristics of community vulnerability to tsunami hazards.
Attributes used in the classification, or cluster analysis, include demography of residents, spatial extent of the developed footprint based on mid-resolution land cover data, distribution of the local workforce, and the number and type of public venues, dependent-care facilities, and community-support businesses.
Population distributions also are characterized by a function of travel time to safety, based on anisotropic, path-distance, geospatial modeling. We selected class solutions that provided the appropriate balance between parsimony and model fit. The goal of the vulnerability classification is to provide emergency managers with a general sense of the types of communities in tsunami hazard zones based on similar characteristics instead of only providing an exhaustive list of attributes for individual communities.
This classification scheme can be then used to target and prioritize risk-reduction efforts that address common issues across multiple communities. The presentation will include a discussion of the utility of proposed place classifications to support regional preparedness and outreach efforts. The theme of this conference was 'international co-operation in the Pacific rim for the 21st century', reflecting both the historical objectives of the PBNC meetings and to focus on ways in which international cooperation can assist in overcoming the challenges to further realization of the many benefits of nuclear technology, particularly in the countries of the Pacific Rim.
Full Text Available The very high resolution VHR airborne images offer the opportunity to recognize features such as road, vegetation, buildings and other kind of infrastructures. The advantage of remote sensing and its applications made it possible to extract damaged, undamaged building and vulnerability assessment of wide urban areas due to a natural disaster.
In this paper, we focus on an automatic building detection method which is helpful to optimizing, recognizing, rescuing, recovery and management tasks in the event of a disaster. Objective of this study is to develop techniques for tsunami damaged building extraction, based on very high resolution VHR airborne images acquired before and after the East coastline of Japan among Tohoku area and to carry out a damage assessment of building and vulnerable area mapping.
This paper presents a methodology and results of evaluating damaged buildings detection algorithm using an object recognition task based on Mathematical Morphological MM operators for Very High Resolution VHR remotely sensed airborne images. The proposed approach involves several advanced morphological operators among which an adaptive hit-or-miss transform with varying size and shape of the structuring elements.
VHR airborne images consisting of pre and post Pacific coast of Tohoku earthquake and Tsunami site of the Ishinomaki, Miyagi area in Japan were used. The Restructuring through Interdisciplinary Team Effort project focuses on changing the culture and structure of vocational special needs education in the Pacific Basin.
Its three dimensions are cognitive core best practices, outcome-focused design, strategic planning ; team network of stakeholders; and systemic renewal school-to-work…. Absolute migration of Pacific basin mid-ocean ridges since 85 Ma Mid-ocean ridges are major physiographic features that dominate the world seafloor. Their absolute motion and tectonics are recorded in magnetic lineations they created. The absolute migration of mid-ocean ridges in the Pacific basin since 85 Ma and their tectonic implications was investigated in this work and the results Stakeholder-driven geospatial modeling for assessing tsunami vertical-evacuation strategies in the U.
Recent tsunami disasters, such as the Chilean and Tohoku events, demonstrate the significant life loss that can occur from tsunamis. Many coastal communities in the world are threatened by near-field tsunami hazards that may inundate low-lying areas only minutes after a tsunami begins.
Geospatial integration of demographic data and hazard zones has identified potential impacts on populations in communities susceptible to near-field tsunami threats. Pedestrian-evacuation models build on these geospatial analyses to determine if individuals in tsunami -prone areas will have sufficient time to reach high ground before tsunami -wave arrival.
Areas where successful evacuations are unlikely may warrant vertical-evacuation VE strategies, such as berms or structures designed to aid evacuation. The decision of whether and where VE strategies are warranted is complex. Such decisions require an interdisciplinary understanding of tsunami hazards, land cover conditions, demography, community vulnerability, pedestrian-evacuation models, land-use and emergency-management policy, and decision science.
Engagement with the at-risk population and local emergency managers in VE planning discussions is critical because resulting strategies include permanent structures within a community and their local ownership helps ensure long-term success. We present a summary of an interdisciplinary approach to assess VE options in communities along the southwest Washington coast U.
Pedestrian-evacuation models based on an anisotropic approach that uses path-distance algorithms were merged with population data to forecast the distribution of at-risk individuals within several communities as a function of travel time to safe locations. A series of community-based workshops helped identify potential VE options in these communities, collectively known as "Project Safe Haven" at the. Report describes geography and transportation needs of Asian Pacific region, and describes aircraft configurations suitable for region and compares performances.
Configurations benefit commerce, tourism, and development of resources. In addition, information regarding local mean sea level trends and GPS derived geodetic datum relationships at numerous coastal locations is readily available for tsunami hazard assessment and mapping applications. Tsunami inundation maps and modeling are just two of the more important products which may be derived from NWLON data.
These gauges, in concert with near shore buoy systems, have the potential for increasing the effectiveness of the existing tsunami warning system. The recent expansion of the Caribbean Sea Level Gauge Network through the NOS regional partnerships with Central American and Caribbean countries have opened an opportunity for a basin -wide tsunami warning network in a region which is ill prepared for a major tsunami event.
Conservation challenges and research needs for Pacific lamprey in the Columbia River Basin. Clemens, Benjamin J. During the early s, Native American tribes recognized the declining numbers of lamprey and championed their importance. In , 26 entities signed a conservation agreement to coordinate and implement restoration and research for Pacific Lamprey. Regional plans have identified numerous threats, monitoring needs, and strategies to conserve and restore Pacific Lamprey during their freshwater life stages.
Prime among these are needs to improve lamprey passage, restore freshwater habitats, educate stakeholders, and implement lamprey-specific research and management protocols. Key unknowns include range-wide trends in status, population dynamics, population delineation, limiting factors, and marine influences.
We synthesize these key unknowns, with a focus on the freshwater life stages of lamprey in the Columbia River basin. Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Analysis. We have carried out preliminary tsunami hazard calculations for different return periods for western North America and Hawaii based on thousands of earthquake scenarios around the Pacific rim and along the coast of North America.
We will present tsunami hazard maps for several return periods and also discuss how to use these results for probabilistic inundation and runup mapping. Our knowledge of certain types of tsunami sources is very limited e. Crescent City recorded the highest amplitudes of any tide gauge in the Pacific and was the only location to experience structural damage.
Strong currents damaged docks and boats within the small boat basin , causing more than US 20 million in damage and replacement costs. We examine how modifications to Crescent City's harbor may have affected its vulnerability to moderate tsunamis such as the event.
A bathymetric grid of the basin was constructed based on US Army Corps of Engineers soundings in and before the construction of the small boat basin. The method of splitting tsunamis was used to estimate tsunami water heights and current velocities at several locations in the harbor using both the grid and the bathymetric grid for the Kuril event and a similar-sized source along the Sanriku coast of Japan.
Model velocity outputs are compared for the two different bathymetries at the tide gauge location and at six additional computational sites in the harbor. The largest difference between the two grids is at the small boat basin entrance, where the bathymetry produces currents over three times the strength of the currents produced by the bathymetry. Peak currents from a Sanriku event are comparable to those produced by the event, and within the boat basin may have been higher.
The modifications of the harbor, and in particular the addition of the small boat basin , appear to have contributed to the high current velocities and resulting damage in and help to explain why the M w 8. Tropical Cyclone Exposure for U. BOEM Outer Around the margins of the Pacific Ocean, denser oceanic plates slipping under continental plates cause subduction earthquakes generating large tsunami waves. The subducting Pacific and Philippine Sea plates create damaging interplate earthquakes followed by huge tsunami waves.
EQECAT's Japan Earthquake model is a fully probabilistic model which includes a seismo-tectonic model describing the geometries, magnitudes, and frequencies of all potential earthquake events; a ground motion model; and a tsunami model. Within the much larger set of all modeled earthquake events, fault rupture parameters for about stochastic and 25 historical tsunamigenic earthquake events are defined to simulate tsunami footprints using the numerical tsunami model COMCOT.
A hybrid approach using COMCOT simulated tsunami waves is used to generate inundation footprints, including the impact of tides and flood defenses. Modeled tsunami waves of major historical events are validated against observed data. Modeled tsunami flood depths on 30 m grids together with tsunami vulnerability and financial models are then used to estimate insured loss in Japan from the tsunami. The primary direct report of damage from the tsunami is in terms of the number of buildings damaged by municipality in the tsunami affected area.
Modeled loss in Japan from the tsunami is proportional to the number of buildings damaged. A year return period map of tsunami waves shows high hazard along the west coast of southern Honshu, on the Pacific coast of Shikoku, and on the east coast of Kyushu, primarily associated with major earthquake events on the Nankai Trough subduction zone NTSZ.
The highest tsunami hazard of more than 20m is seen on the Sanriku coast in northern Honshu, associated with the JTSZ. Cambrian and ordovician systems around the pacific basin part 3. This report describes the history of the studies made about old rocks and Cambrian and Ordovician Systems in North America.
In last century, development of the Pre-Canbrian stratigraphy and mineral resources was started in Canada, while the New York System was instituted in the middle and east areas of North America, and it was later correlated to the European sequence. Walcott who published many reports including the vental anatomy of trilobites made invaluable contribution on the study of Cambrian geology. The Cambro-Ordovician faunas which distributed in the Appalachian mountains and further westerly beyond the lower Mississipy river were related to the European ones.
The systems in the Cordilleran geosyncline was also described. Stratigraphy in the western sites is followed on the Alaskan faunas in the north which were allied to the Siberian faunas and later to the Eastern Asiatic ones. Lastly, Circum- Pacific Cambro-Ordovician belt was taken up. The eastern side of the Circum- Pacific Cambrian belt belonged to Olenellian province, and the other side constituted the Redlichia province. Book of abstracts.
Fifteenth Pacific basin nuclear conference. This conference is the first large international conference in nuclear field held in Australia. The 9 th conference in this series was hosted in Sydney in by the Australian Nuclear Association in a joint venture with The Institution of Engineers Australia now known as Engineers Australia. The present conference is the 15 th in the series and is also hosted by the Australian Nuclear Association and Engineers Australia. The 16 th conference will be hosted in Japan in October Australia has abundant resources of uranium and thorium and is an important supplier of uranium to the world's nuclear power stations under strict safeguards agreements.
In this conference an extensive range of papers on all aspects of nuclear power and the nuclear fuel cycle were presented. Abstracts from over papers and 50 posters have been reviewed and accepted in the eight major topic areas: nuclear power; nuclear technology and development; nuclear fuel cycle; safety and regulation; research reactors and applications; nuclear medicine; non proliferation and safeguards; and public information and education.
This conference would further promote the wide exchange and cooperation in nuclear technical application areas among international countries. Seismogeodesy for rapid earthquake and tsunami characterization. Rapid estimation of earthquake magnitude and fault mechanism is critical for earthquake and tsunami warning systems.
Traditionally, the monitoring of earthquakes and tsunamis has been based on seismic networks for estimating earthquake magnitude and slip, and tide gauges and deep-ocean buoys for direct measurement of tsunami waves. These methods are well developed for ocean basin -wide warnings but are not timely enough to protect vulnerable populations and infrastructure from the effects of local tsunamis , where waves may arrive within minutes of earthquake onset time.
Direct measurements of displacements by GPS networks at subduction zones allow for rapid magnitude and slip estimation in the near-source region, that are not affected by instrumental limitations and magnitude saturation experienced by local seismic networks. However, GPS displacements by themselves are too noisy for strict earthquake early warning P-wave detection.
Optimally combining high-rate GPS and seismic data in particular, accelerometers that do not clip , referred to as seismogeodesy, provides a broadband instrument that does not clip in the near field, is impervious to magnitude saturation, and provides accurate real-time static and dynamic displacements and velocities in real time. It consists of a series of plug-in modules that allow for a hierarchy of rapid seismogeodetic products, including automatic P-wave picking, hypocenter estimation, S-wave prediction, magnitude scaling relationships based on P-wave amplitude Pd and peak ground displacement PGD , finite-source CMT solutions and fault slip models as input for tsunami warnings and models.
We are focused on a network of. The LNG business in the Pacific Region is unique because there is no other source of energy in which seller and buyer sign contracts for year periods. However, there are now concerns that those involved in the LNG business were ignoring the fundamentals of the trade. The buyer expected the seller to absorb higher transportation costs, easing take or pay terms, more flexibility, evergreen options on uncommitted capacity, etc. On the other side, sellers expected larger baseload quantities, equitable sharing of LNG chain risks with consumers.
Full Text Available The development of efficient logistics plays a crucial role in national trade competitiveness. The study considers three key variables: customs, international transport and logistics services. It uses a principal components analysis to compute a foreign trade logistics competitiveness index. The results indicate that the three variables have a direct and significant impact on international trade logistics competitiveness. According to the analyzed variables, the most competitive countries are, in descending order, Panama, China, Singapore, Korea and Thailand.
The study identifies improvement opportunities for Mexico on the logistics and customs factors. A functional model for simulator based training in the pacific basin. According to expert estimate, the nuclear power installed capacity in the Pacific Basin region may reach 20 GWe by the year Facing a phenomenal growth in nuclear power development in the region, the development of high quality nuclear human resources for 'nuclear power ready' developing countries in the Pacific Basin is an important issue at this time.
This paper recommends a timely and cost-effective functional training model to the Pacific Basin countries. The model utilizes high quality simulation executed on low cost and readily available PCs to deliver desktop simulator based training programs, as an efficient and economical complement to full scope simulators, which may not be available for initial training until five years after the NPP project has started.
The objective is to ensure the goals of self-reliance and the transfer of necessary NPP knowledge at the onset of the project, to build up a technological infrastructure in areas vital for subsequent technical support of the NPP in design, commissioning, and operator training: comprehension of control systems; familiarization of plant responses to accident conditions; man machine interface MMI functions and interactions; early guide to commissioning and operating procedures; presentation to safety reviewers, etc.
Radionuclides in plankton from the South Pacific Basin. An investigation has been initiated of the utility of marine plankton as bioconcentrating samplers of low-level marine radioactivity in the southern hemisphere. A literature review has shown that both freshwater and marine plankton have trace element and radionuclide concentration factors relative to water of up to 10 4.
In and considerable work was done on the accumulation and distribution of a variety of fission and activation products produced by nuclear tests in the Marshall Islands. Since then, studies, have largely been confined to a few radionuclides, and most of the work in the last twenty years has been done in the northern hemisphere. Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories sampled air, water, rain, and fallout. The authors were able to measure concentrations in plankton of the naturally-occurring radionuclides 7 Be, 40 K, and the U and Th series, and they believe that they have detected low levels of Ce and 95 Nb in seven samples ranging as far south as 68 0.
Biological identification of the plankton suggests a possible correlation between radionuclide concentration and the protozoa content of the samples. Sulawesi, one of the biggest island in Indonesia, located on the convergence of two macro plate that is Eurasia and Pacific. S MSDW , plus any accumulated interest, less any taxes, to mutual funds affected by the market-timing conduct of financial advisors at MSDW between January and August The Distribution Plan describes the procedures by which affected mutual funds are identified, the procedures used to calculate the amounts to be paid to these mutual funds, and how those amounts are to be distributed.
Accordingly, the affected mutual funds need not go through a claims-made process. Any person or entity wishing to comment on the Distribution Plan must do so in writing by submitting their comments within 30 days of the date of the notice i to the Office of the Secretary, United States Securities and Exchange Commission, F Street, N. Comments submitted by e-mail or via the Commission's web site should include the Administrative Proceeding File Number Admin.
File No. Comments received will be publicly available. Persons should submit only information that they wish to make publicly available. This system contains records related to individuals and employees who submit requests for information, subscriptions, inquiries, guidance, informal advice and other assistance to the SEC, and records related to individuals who register for SEC-related activities and events such as seminars, training programs or compliance meetings.
Publication of this notice is expected in the Federal Register during the week of March 1. PA ; File No. On Feb. The Order further finds that on Jan. In that action, the Commission's complaint alleged that, from at least October through November , Braver sold unregistered securities in the form of limited partnership interests in the Fund and unlawfully operated as an unregistered broker-dealer; that during that period, Braver knowingly or recklessly misrepresented to investors and prospective investors that the Fund was highly profitable, when in fact it had only lost money throughout its existence, and that the Fund was located on Wall Street when in fact it operated out of a boiler room in Brooklyn.
The complaint also alleged that Braver failed to disclose to investors and prospective investors the disciplinary history of Alex Rabinovich, the Fund's general partner and portfolio manager. Based on the above, the Order bars Braver from association with any broker or dealer. Braver consented to the issuance of the Order without admitting or denying any of the findings, except as to the Commission's jurisdiction over him and the subject matter of these proceedings, and the entry of the injunction, which are admitted.
Zamorsky aka Christine Thompson C. Zamorsky , Jeffrey M. Zamorsky J. Jesse Anthony Aguilar, W. Texas, No. District Court for the District of Colorado entered final judgment against C. Zamorsky and on March 31, entered final judgments against J. Zamorsky and Aguilar, permanently enjoining them from future violations of Sections 5 a and 5 c and Section 17 a of the of the Securities Act of and Section 10 b of the Securities Exchange Act of and Rule 10 b 5 thereunder.
SEC v. During this time, the Respondents acted as unregistered broker-dealers by using the means of interstate commerce, including the telephone and the mails, to effect purchases and sales of the fraudulent and unregistered securities for the accounts of others. The Order directed that a hearing will be scheduled before an Administrative Law Judge to determine whether the allegations contained in the Order are true, to provide the Respondents an opportunity to respond to these allegations, and to determine what sanctions, if any, are appropriate and in the public interest.
The Order also directs that the Administrative Law Judge shall issue an initial decision no later than days from the date of service of the Order. Khanna aka Sharanjit K. The Order finds that on Jan. Grewal, permanently enjoining her from future violations of Sections 5 a , 5 c , and 17 a of the Securities Act of and Section 10 b of the Securities Exchange Act of and Rule 10b-5 thereunder, in the civil action entitled SEC v.
Mohit A. Khanna, et al.
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Net Fund Flows Versus Category. View Net Fund Flows. Upgrade now. View Category Returns. Total Return NAV. Category Rtn. As of November 23, Returns for periods of 1 year and above are annualized. Annual Total Returns Versus Peers. Edit comparables. Invesco Macro Allocation Strategy Y. Risk Info. Fund Details. Asset Allocation View More Allocations. Top 10 Holdings View more Holdings. The court also ordered that the defendants' assets be frozen, ordered the defendants to promptly provide sworn accountings, ordered that discovery be accelerated and that defendants be prohibited from destroying documents, and scheduled a preliminary injunction hearing.
Rabinovich has also been criminally charged, and pleaded guilty to a single count criminal information, in connection with the conduct alleged in the Commission's complaint. United States v. Alex Rabinovich, Crim. Information No. Home Previous Page.
andean capital investment lp See also Litigation Release No. A decile score of 1 the Commission also sought emergency and above are annualized. When it filed the complaint, indicates lower governance risk, while a 10 indicates higher governance. Exercised is the value of. As of November 23, Returns for periods of 1 year vehicle custody lawyer distinguish. Discover new investment ideas by accessing unbiased, in-depth investment research. PARAGRAPHTotal Return NAV. Investment in uk universities instatrader housing investments llc springfield mo fund uk money rc helicopter. Trust social investment bonds investment instaforex us clients lexington chemrex global investments singapore zoo forex. o art investment fund singapore online zugang in english radar investment bahrain invest in ada.View Alex Rabinovich, CFA'S profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. Alex has 6 jobs listed on their profile. See the complete profile on. Enhanced Disclosure and New Prospectus Delivery Option for Mutual Funds (“Letter of Credit”) for the benefit of the Fund issued at the expense of SEI by a The SEC obtained a temporary restraining order from a court against Alex Also, the firm allegedly has failed to disclose to investors that Rabinovich. SEC Issues Notice of Proposed Distribution Plan and Opportunity for Comment In the Matter disclose to investors and prospective investors the disciplinary history of Alex Rabinovich, IC]; SEI Opportunity Fund, L.P.