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Some of the propositional bets that revolve around the election include who will win the first debate, or which candidate might do better or worse with a certain demographic. You can bet on the primaries and the caucuses held in each state, as well as most events which involve a winner or a loser up to Election Day.
And you can bet on the popular vote vs. State primary odds open up around the beginning of the election year. This allows you to follow the campaigns of both parties, and play the stakes right up until the nomination. Similar to the electoral vote count, you can bet on odds to win popular votes. The difference between the electoral vote and popular vote, is that a candidate can win the popular vote but still lose the election.
Popular vote odds are presented the same way electoral votes are, with candidate A or candidate B to win. The popular vote pool should open up within a month of Election Day. Another fun way to wager on the Presidential race is done by picking one candidate or the other to win a particular swing state. These are states that could to go either way, Democrat or Republican, and usually have a big impact on the election.
If a candidate is considered a 2 to 1 favorite to win a specific swing state and the underdog ends up winning that state, those who bet on the underdog would win a hefty amount of money. Many sites will have odds on who will win individual states. If you think candidate A has good odds on winning the Ohio vote, you can bet on just that state, instead of the entire election.
If candidate A and Candidate B are fighting for presidency and candidate A wins the Ohio vote, yet candidate B wins the election, you can still win if you bet on candidate A to take Ohio. These bets can spice up the fun by giving you more to bet on than just who wins the election, as you can win a few battles even if the candidate you choose loses the war. There is usually a popular and electoral betting pool in which you can bet on how many votes each candidate will win by, as well as the percentage difference between popular and electoral votes.
These types of wagers can be very exciting as Election Day draws near, as you can watch the state by state results live on TV or on the web. Rather than winning outright, the newly elected president must win by more than the spread for bets on the favorite to win. We all know that sports are mainly what players can vote on when they get on to their Bovada sportsbook. There are plenty of things that most players can bet on but here in there is something called the presidential race that is important in our country and a lot of people can take a break from betting on sports games and take stab at betting on the who wins the presidential race on the Bovada.
Bovada has it all and having the presidential race is just one huge bonus. Players can place big money on the race and use the winnings to prepare for the other sports games coming up. MyBookie is one of the best online sportsbooks that have all the things and that includes the presidential race that has some candidates.
This time there is plenty of voting that needs to be done so that means that sports need to be put on hold. This is something that happens every four years and this is bettors would put their big money on. There will be plenty of different bets on voting that can make players make a lot of money.
With MyBookie being one of the sportsbooks that offer the best political betting odds, sports are the only one thing that bettors can find themselves placing wagers on at MyBookie. Ten years ago, if you were going to Cheltenham, all the odds would be displayed as fractional odds. The second difference between the formats is that fractional odds only represent winnings, and do not include the returned stake compared to decimals which do include the stake.
The transition from fractional odds to decimals largely kicked off with the growing popularity of the betting exchanges such Betfair. These are hard to compute for the punter and are not a great way of showing betting odds explained. You may find that your favourite online betting site presents the odds exactly how you likely them to be.
But sometimes you might need to convert them to understand. Our odds converter tool will allow you see odds in whatever format you like. Betting odds represent the probability of an event to happen and therefore enable you to work out how much money you will win if your bet wins. Hopefully, that is betting odds explained. You should now have the knowledge to read betting odds, understand how likely it is to happen, and how much you stand to win.
Therefore, we assume no responsibility for actions taken as a result of information on this site which does not constitute advice and always recommend you to check terms and conditions before placing any bet. Don't gamble unless you know the facts. Being responsible about gambling means knowing whether to gamble, how much money or how much time. Read more about Gambling Safety here.
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In addition, it is widely used in determining public health policies. The BMI has been useful in population-based studies by virtue of its wide acceptance in defining specific categories of body mass as a health issue. However, it is increasingly clear that BMI is a rather poor indicator of percent of body fat.
Importantly, the BMI also does not capture information on the mass of fat in different body sites. The latter is related not only to untoward health issues but to social issues as well. Lastly, current evidence indicates there is a wide range of BMIs over which mortality risk is modest, and this is age related.
All of these issues are discussed in this brief review. Calculate Your Body Mass Index. Enter your weight and height using standard or metric measures. Select "Compute BMI" and your Odd -even staggering in the neutron-proton interaction and nuclear mass models.
Research was undertaken to determine vehicle size parameters influencing driver fatality odds , independent of mass , in two-vehicle collisions. Forty vehicle parameters were evaluated for 1, vehicle groupings. Logistic regression analyses show driver factors belt use, age, drinking collectively contribute more to fatality odds than vehicle factors, and that mass is the most important vehicular parameter influencing fatality odds for all crash configurations.
In car crashes, other vehicle parameters with statistical significance had a second order effect compared to mass. This study used Monte Carlo simulation to examine the properties of the overall odds ratio OOR , which was recently introduced as an index for overall effect size in multiple logistic regression. It was found that the OOR was relatively independent of study base rate and performed better than most commonly used R-square analogs in indexing model….
Nuclear quantum shape-phase transitions in odd-mass systems. Microscopic signatures of nuclear ground-state shape-phase transitions in odd-mass Eu isotopes are explored starting from excitation spectra and collective wave functions obtained by diagonalization of a core-quasiparticle coupling Hamiltonian based on energy density functionals.
The enhancement of the first-order quantum phase transition in odd-mass systems can be attributed to a shape polarization effect of the unpaired proton which, at the critical neutron number, starts predominantly coupling to Gd core nuclei that are characterized by larger quadrupole deformation and weaker proton pairing correlations compared with the corresponding Sm isotopes.
Positive parity low spin states of odd-mass tellurium isotopes. In this work, we analyse the positive parity of states of odd-mass nucleus within the framework of interacting boson fermion model. The energy levels and B E2 transition probabilities were calculated and compared with the experimental data. Phonon-particle coupling effects in odd -even mass differences of semi-magic nuclei.
A method to evaluate the particle-phonon coupling PC corrections to the single-particle energies in semi-magic nuclei, based on a direct solving the Dyson equation with PC corrected mass operator, is used for finding the odd -even mass difference between 18 even Pb isotopes and their odd -proton neighbors.
The Fayans energy density functional EDF DF3-a is used which gives rather high accuracy of the predictions for these mass differences already on the mean-field level, with the average deviation from the existing experimental data equal to 0. It is only a bit worse than the corresponding value of 0. This scenario has consequences for e.
In order to confront the pseudoscalar to experimental limits such as flavour observables, Upsilon decays or Beam-Dump experiments, it is necessary to control the interactions of this particle with hadronic matter and derive the corresponding decays. Interestingly, a mixing can develop between A 1 and neutral pseudoscalar mesons, leading to substantial hadronic decays and a coupling of A 1 to the chiral anomaly.
Additionally, quartic A 1-meson couplings induce tri-meson decays of the Higgs pseudoscalar. Paranormal belief, schizotypy, and Body Mass Index. There are indications that subjects with schizotypal personality have a lower Body Mass Index. Also schizotypal personality is linked to a higher incidence of paranormal belief.
In this study we examined whether low Body Mass Index is also linked to paranormal belief. In a pilot study 48 students of psychology Analysis suggested an association between belief in paranormal phenomena and low Body Mass Index. In a follow-up study with subjects and equal sex distribution, the relationship was examined under control of schizotypy.
The results for Body Mass Index could not be confirmed; however, paranormal belief was heavily associated with the cognitive-perceptual component of schizotypy. In the present work, the half-lives and gamma transitions for the six nuclei have been studied and adopted based on the recently published interactions or unevaluated nuclear data sets XUNDL.
An updated skeleton decay scheme for each of the above nuclei has been presented here. Body Mass Index Measurement in Schools. Nihiser, Allison J. Background: School-based body mass index BMI measurement has attracted much attention across the nation from researchers, school officials, legislators, and the media as a potential approach to address obesity among youth. Shell-model method for Gamow-Teller transitions in heavy deformed odd-mass nuclei.
A shell-model method for calculating Gamow-Teller GT transition rates in heavy deformed odd-mass nuclei is presented. The method is developed within the framework of the projected shell model. To implement the computation requirement when many multi-quasiparticle configurations are included in the basis, a numerical advancement based on the Pfaffian formula is introduced.
The known log f t data corresponding to the B GT- decay rates of the ground state of Nd to the low-lying states of Pm are well described. It is further shown that the B GT distributions can have a strong dependence on the detailed microscopic structure of relevant states of both the parent and daughter nuclei. Giving sustainable agriculture really good odds through innovative rainfall index insurance. Population growth, increasing demands for food, and increasingly uncertain and limited water availability amidst competing demands for water by other users and the environment call for a novel approach to manage water in food production systems to be developed now.
Tapping into broad popularity of crop insurance as a risk management intervention, we propose an innovative rainfall index insurance program as a novel systems approach that addresses water conservation in food production systems by exploiting two common currencies that tie the food production systems and others together, namely water and money. Our novel methodology allows for optimizing diverse farm and financial strategies together, revealing strategy portfolios that result in greater water use efficiency and higher incomes at a lower level of water use.
Furthermore, it allows targeted interventions to achieve reduction in irrigation water, while providing financial protection to farmers against the increasing uncertainty in water availability. Not only would such a tool result in efficiently less use of water, it would also encourage diversification in farm practices, which reduces the farm's vulnerability against crop price volatility and pest or disease outbreaks and contributes to more sustainable agriculture.
Investigation of the particle-core structure of odd-mass nuclei in the NpNn scheme. Bucurescu, D. Simple systematics are obtained which give a synthetic picture of the evolution of the particle-core coupling in these nuclear regions.
Body mass index predicts risk for complications from transtemporal cerebellopontine angle surgery. To determine the relationship between body mass index BMI and risk for specific complications from transtemporal cerebellopontine angle CPA surgery for nonmalignant disease. Case series with chart review. Tertiary-care academic hospital.
Retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing transtemporal cerebellopontine angle surgery for nonmalignant disease from to Data were collected regarding demographics, body mass index , intraoperative details, hospital stay, and complications including cerebrospinal fluid leak, wound complications, and brachial plexopathy. One hundred thirty-four patients were analyzed with a mean preoperative body mass index of Elevated body mass index was not significant in predicting wound complications or increased hospital stay beyond postoperative day 3.
Risk of cerebrospinal fluid leak and brachial plexopathy is increased in patients with elevated body mass index undergoing surgery of the cerebellopontine angle. Consideration should be given to preoperative optimization via dietary and lifestyle modifications as well as intraoperative somatosensory evoked potential monitoring of the brachial plexus to decrease these risks.
Inclusion of particle-vibration coupling in the Fayans functional: Odd -even mass differences of semimagic nuclei. A method is presented to evaluate the particle-phonon coupling PC corrections to the single-particle energies in semimagic nuclei, based on the direct solution of the Dyson equation with PC-corrected mass operator. It is used for finding the odd -even mass difference between even Pb and Sn isotopes and their odd -proton neighbors.
The Fayans energy density functional DF3-a is used, which gives rather highly accurate predictions for these mass differences already at the mean-field level. For the tin chain, the situation is not so definite. In this case, the PC corrections make agreement better in the case of the addition mode but they spoil the agreement for the removal mode.
We discuss the reason for such a discrepancy. The relationship between foot posture index , ankle equinus, body mass index and intermetatarsal neuroma. No relationships were found between foot posture index and body mass index with intermetatarsal neuroma, or between foot posture index and the interspaces affected. However, a strong association was demonstrated between the presence of intermetatarsal neuroma and a restriction of ankle dorsiflexion.
We compared accuracy of body mass index BMI versus lean mass index LMI to predict sarcopenia in 58 community-dwelling women Lean mass was measured with multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis, and strength was measured with Arm Curl test, Chair Stand test, and handgrip dynamometry.
Sarcopenia was defined as low LMI. When categorized by BMI, normal women had less absolute lean mass Compulsive buying: relationship with body mass index. Compulsive buying has historically been associated with various self-regulatory disturbances, including eating pathology e. To determine the relationship between lifestyle variables including body mass index and filing a workers' compensation claim due to firefighter injury.
A cross-sectional evaluation of firefighter injury related to workers" compensation claims occurring 5 years after the original Promoting Healthy Lifestyles: Alternative Models' Effects study intervention. A logistic regression analysis for variables predicting filing a workers' compensation claim due to an injury was performed with a total of participants.
We compare values of p for several different datasets for human populations with the ones obtained for other animal populations of fish, whales, and land mammals. In contrast, human populations are different: As young infants grow to become toddlers and keep growing, the sudden change of p is observed at about one year after birth. The observation implies the importance of the upright posture of human individuals. Microscopic description of fission in odd-mass uranium and plutonium nuclei with the Gogny energy density functional.
Ground state quantum numbers and deformations, pairing energies, one-neutron separation energies, barrier heights and fission isomer excitation energies are given. Although there exits a strong variance of the predicted fission rates with respect to the details involved in their computation, it is shown that both the specialization energy and the pairing quenching effects, taken into account fully variationally within the HFB-EFA blocking scheme, lead to larger spontaneous fission half-lives in odd-mass U and Pu nuclei as compared with the corresponding even-even neighbors.
Alpha-decay lifetimes have also been computed using a parametrization of the Viola-Seaborg formula. Weight and body mass index among female contraceptive clients. As obesity may affect the efficacy of some contraceptives, we examined weight, body mass index BMI and prevalence of obesity among female contraceptive clients at U.
A secondary aim was to analyze differences in contraceptive method use by obesity status. Cross-sectional study using de-identified electronic health record data from family planning centers. We analyzed contraceptive visits made by , females aged years in A total of Mean body weight was Obese clients had higher odds of using a tier 1 or tier 3 contraceptive method and had lower odds of using a tier 2 or hormonal method than non-obese clients.
About half of contraceptive clients would be categorized as overweight or obese. Contraceptive method choices differed by obesity status. About half of contraceptive clients in this study population were overweight or obese.
All women - regardless of body size - should receive unbiased, evidence-based counseling on the full range of contraceptive options so that they can make informed choices. All rights reserved. Obesity, Body Mass Index , and Homicide. A negative association between obesity and homicide has, therefore, been demonstrated. Predicting waist circumference from body mass index. Being overweight or obese increases risk for cardiometabolic disorders.
Although both body mass index BMI and waist circumference WC measure the level of overweight and obesity, WC may be more important because of its closer relationship to total body fat. Because WC is typically not assessed in clinical practice, this study sought to develop and verify a model to predict WC from BMI and demographic data, and to use the predicted WC to assess cardiometabolic risk.
We used the predicted WC to assess abdominal obesity and cardiometabolic risk. The model correctly classified Median differences between actual and predicted WC were The model is generalizable to Caucasian and African-American adult populations because it was constructed from data on a large, population-based sample of men and women in the United States, and then validated in a population with a larger representation of African-Americans.
The model accurately estimates WC and identifies cardiometabolic risk. It should be useful for health care practitioners and public health officials who wish to identify individuals and populations at risk for cardiometabolic disease when WC data are unavailable. Body mass index and economic productivity.
The paper reviews the evidence to date on the nutritional links with productivity and then goes on to provide results from a multi-country study on the effects of increasing body mass index BMI on productivity. The research relating nutritional status to work capacity is more consistent than the research linking nutritional status to productivity. None of the studies to date elucidate the pathways through which improved nutrition improves economic productivity. The few studies that have disaggregated data by gender report different results for men and women.
Research conducted at IFPRI is presented to examine the trends in BMI for men and women across countries and for Kenya to examine the relationships between various measures of nutritional status--BMI and height--and energy expenditures in women. BMIs of men show a more consistent relationship with increasing household income than do the BMIs of women. In the case of the Gambia and Kenya, the mean BMI of women decreases with increasing household income.
One reason for the apparently low response of BMI to increasing household income in Kenya is the time allocation patterns of women. Women in the Kenya sample spend the largest proportion of their day in home production activities which are energy intensive. In examining the relationship between nutritional indicators and the time devoted to work, the results suggest a significant, positive association between both BMI and height and the amount of time devoted to work.
In the models presented, both BMI and height appear to increase the capacity to carry out work. It is difficult to value much of this work time since a disproportionate share is devoted to home production activities. Some of the more classic methods of measuring economic productivity, such as measuring wage rates, are not. To assess the "body mass index " BMI weight and length of 12 flexible ureteroscopes digital and fiber optic along with the light cables and camera heads, to make the best use of our instruments.
Twelve different brand-new flexible ureteroscopes from four different manufacturers, along with eight camera heads and three light cables were evaluated. Each ureteroscope, camera head, and light cable was weighted; the total length of each ureteroscope, shaft, handle, flexible end-tip, and cable were all measured. According to our measurements in grams [g] , the lightest ureteroscope was the LithoVue The longest ureteroscope was the URF-P6 The URF-V2 had the longest flexible end-tip 7.
Newer more versatile digital endoscopes were lighter than their traditional fiber optic counterparts in their entirety, with disposable endoscope having a clear advantage over other reusable ureteroscopes. Knowing the "BMI" of our flexible ureteroscopes is an important information that every endourologist should always take into consideration. Mourad, Waleed Fouad, E-mail: Waleed gmail. Purpose: To analyze the impact of different body mass index BMI as a surrogate marker for heterotopic ossification HO in patients who underwent surgical repair SR for displaced acetabular fractures DAF followed by radiation therapy RT.
Methods and Materials: This is a single-institution retrospective study of patients. All patients received postoperative RT, 7 Gy, within 72 h. The patients were separated into four groups based on their BMI: Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the correlation between odds of HO and BMI is significant, p odds of HO increases by 1. Chi-square test shows no significant difference among all other factors and HO e. Meisel, Z. We present the mass excesses of Sc, obtained from recent time-of-flight nuclear mass measurements at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University.
The masses of 56Sc and 57Sc were determined for the first time with atomic mass excesses of Together with new shell-model calculations of the electron-capture strength function of 56Sc, our results strongly reduce uncertainties in model calculations of the heating and cooling at the 56Ti electron-capture layer in the outer crust of accreting neutron stars.
We find that, in contrast to previous studies, neither strong neutrino cooling nor strong heating occurs in this layer. Urca cooling must instead be dominated by electron capture on the small amounts of adjacent odd -A nuclei contained in the superburst and high temperature steady-state burning ashes.
This may explain the absence of strong crust Urca cooling inferred from the observed cooling light curve of the transiently accreting x-ray source MAXI J We conclude that Urca cooling in the outer crusts of accreting neutron stars that exhibit superbursts or high temperature steady-state burning, which are predicted to be rich in A approximate to 56 nuclei, is considerably weaker than predicted.
Several studies have found an association between overweight and asthma, yet the temporal relationship between their onsets remains unclear. We investigated the development of body mass index BMI from birth to adolescence among 2, children with and without asthma from a Swedish birth cohort study, the BAMSE a Swedish acronym for "children, allergy, milieu, Stockholm, epidemiology" Project, during Measured weight and height were available at 13 time points throughout childhood.
Asthma phenotypes transient, persistent, and late-onset were defined by timing of onset and remission. Quantile regression was used to analyze percentiles of BMI, and generalized estimating equations were used to analyze the association between asthma phenotypes and the risk of high BMI.
Among females, BMI development differed between children with and without asthma, with the highest BMI being seen among females with persistent asthma. The difference existed throughout childhood but increased with age. For example, females with persistent asthma had 2. Among males, no clear associations between asthma and BMI were observed.
In this study, persistent asthma was associated with high BMI throughout childhood among females, whereas no consistent association was observed among males. Abstract Several studies have found an association between overweight and asthma, yet the temporal relationship between their onsets remains unclear. Hartley, D. The structure of deformed neutron-rich nuclei in the rare-earth region is of significant interest for both the astrophysics and nuclear structure fields. Body mass index influences prostate cancer risk at biopsy in Japanese men.
To determine the relationship between body mass index and prostate cancer risk at biopsy in Japanese men, and to compared the risk with that of Caucasian men. We retrospectively evaluated men with prostate-specific antigen levels from 2. In contrast to our results, there has been no reported increase in the risk of prostate cancer at biopsy in Caucasians within the overweight range body mass index of Japanese men within the overweight body mass index range who have an elevated prostate-specific antigen level also have a significant risk of harboring prostate cancer, especially high-grade disease.
Overweight Japanese might be at greater prostate cancer risk at biopsy than overweight Caucasians. Association between body mass index and acute traumatic workplace injury in hourly manufacturing employees. In , height and weight data on 7, workers at eight plants were extracted from medical records from annual physicals, and body mass index was categorized. Information on traumatic injuries recorded between January 1, , and December 31, , was obtained from a company injury surveillance system.
Approximately 85 percent of injured workers were classified as overweight or obese. The odds of injury in the highest obesity group as compared with the ideal body mass index group were 2. Injuries to the leg or knee were especially prevalent among members of this very obese group. Research findings support an association between body mass index and traumatic workplace injuries among manufacturing employees. Workplace safety personnel might consider adding policies or programs that address weight reduction and maintenance as part of ongoing comprehensive workplace safety strategies.
While high body mass index is associated with an increased risk of depression and anxiety, cumulative evidence indicates that it is a protective factor for suicide. The associations from conventional observational studies of body mass index with mental health outcomes are likely to be influenced by reverse causality or confounding by ill-health. In the present study, we investigated the associations between offspring body mass index and parental anxiety, depression and suicide in order to avoid problems with reverse causality and confounding by ill-health.
We used data from 32, mother-offspring and 27, father-offspring pairs from the Norwegian HUNT-study. Anxiety and depression were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and suicide death from national registers. Associations between offspring and own body mass index and symptoms of anxiety and depression and suicide mortality were estimated using logistic and Cox regression. Causal effect estimates were estimated with a two sample instrument variable approach using offspring body mass index as an instrument for parental body mass index.
Both own and offspring body mass index were positively associated with depression, while the results did not indicate any substantial association between body mass index and anxiety. Although precision was low, suicide mortality was inversely associated with own body mass index and the results from the analysis using offspring body mass index supported these results. Adjusted odds ratios per standard deviation body mass index from the instrumental variable analysis were 1.
The present study's results indicate that suicide mortality is inversely associated with body mass index. We also found support for a positive association between body mass index and depression, but not for anxiety. There have been a limited number of studies examining the association between pre-pregnancy body mass index BMI and dietary inflammation during pregnancy.
Pre-pregnancy BMI was calculated based on self-reported pre-pregnancy weight and measured height. The cut-offs of index to assess the inflammatory properties of diet, was estimated based on a one-day h recall. These findings suggest that women with pre-pregnancy obesity had greater odds of reporting higher DII and having elevated CRP. Maternal obesity, gestational weight gain and childhood cardiac outcomes: role of childhood body mass index.
Maternal obesity may affect cardiovascular outcomes in the offspring. We examined the associations of maternal prepregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain with childhood cardiac outcomes and explored whether these associations were explained by parental characteristics, infant characteristics or childhood body mass index.
In a population-based prospective cohort study among parents and their children, we obtained maternal weight before pregnancy and in early, mid- and late pregnancy. At age 6 years, we measured aortic root diameter cm and left ventricular dimensions. A one standard deviation score SDS higher maternal prepregnancy body mass index was associated with higher left ventricular mass 0. A one SDS higher maternal prepregnancy body mass index was associated with an increased risk of eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy odds ratio 1.
When analyzing the effects of maternal weight in different periods simultaneously, only maternal prepregnancy weight and early pregnancy weight were associated with left ventricular mass , left ventricular mass index and aortic root diameter P-values mass index.
Maternal prepregnancy body mass index and weight gain in early pregnancy are both. Sustainable Odds. While probability forecasting has many philosophical and mathematical attractions, it is something of a dishonest nonsense if acting on such forecasts is expected to lead to rapid ruin.
Model-based probabilities, when interpreted as actionable, are shown to lead to the rapid ruin of a cooperative entity offering odds interpreting the probability forecasts at face value. Arguably, these odds would not be considered "fair", but inasmuch as some definitions of "fair odds " include this case, this presentation will focus on "sustainable odds ": Odds which are not expected to lead to the rapid ruin of the cooperative under the assumption that those placing bets have no information beyond that available to the forecast system.
It is argued that sustainable odds will not correspond to probabilities outside the Perfect Model Scenario, that the "implied probabilities" determined from sustainable odds will always sum to more than one, and that the excess of this sum over one reflects the skill of the forecast system, being a quantitative measure of structural model error.
Study of conicity index , body mass index and waist circumference as predictors of coronary artery disease. Obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. This study was designed to assess whether the conicity index CI , body mass index BMI and waist circumference WC can be used as predictors of coronary artery disease CAD and mortality in a middle-aged population of the north-western region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
This was a retrospective, longitudinal cohort study, based on the medical records of patients seen in a cardiology institution in a rural area of Rio Grande do Sul. The sample consisted of individuals. The primary endpoint was diagnosis of CAD, with mortality as the secondary endpoint. The study showed that none of the anthropometric measures could be considered independent factors for either a diagnosis of CAD or mortality.
These anthropometric measures were not independent predictive factors for CAD diagnosis or mortality in a population in southern Brazil. Trap-induced mass declines in small mammals: Mass as a population index. Body mass is routinely used as an index of physical condition for comparing small-mammal populations. However, trapping effects on animals may undermine the effectiveness of body mass as an index of population health.
We examined the effects of live-trapping on body mass of 3 small-mammal species: deer mice Peromyscus maniculatus , southern red The aim of this study was to examine relationships between work organization features of work hours, work schedules, and job stress with body mass indexes BMIs of long-haul truck drivers.
Logistic regression backward stepwise model was used to identify significant predictors of BMI and to analyze odds ratios. Mean BMI was Working more than 11 daily hours was associated with statistically significant increased odds for being extreme obese. Body mass index , obesity, and psychopathology in patients with schizophrenia. A number of studies have reported that patients with schizophrenia have a higher body mass index BMI than the general population. Few Asian studies have examined BMI in patients with schizophrenia.
There was a preponderance of patients who were overweight Regression modeling of clinical and symptom factors in schizophrenia patients revealed that females were almost twice as likely to be obese compared with males and patients with comorbid medical conditions were more likely to be obese compared with those who did not have a comorbid medical condition odds ratio, 1.
Those prescribed typical antipsychotic medications were 1. A significant predictor interaction for obesity was observed between sex and typical antipsychotics, sex and comorbid medical conditions, and years of education and comorbid medical conditions. The higher prevalence of obesity in patients with schizophrenia is a matter of clinical and public health concern; interventions to reduce weight to healthy levels would result in both improved health and quality of life among patients with schizophrenia.
Abstract Evidence regarding the association between body mass index BMI and mortality in TB patients is limited and inconsistent. All adult Taiwanese with TB in Taipei, Taiwan, during to were included in this retrospective cohort study. Multinomial logistic regression was used to evaluate associations of BMI with cause of death in TB patients.
Of the eligible patients, Mean age was After controlling for potential confounders, underweight was significantly associated with higher risks of all-cause mortality adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1. When gender differences on the association of BMI with mortality were considered, underweight only significantly increased risks of TB-specific AOR, 2. The present findings indicate that underweight was associated with higher risks of TB-specific and non-TB-specific mortality during TB treatment, particularly in male patients.
Body mass index and physical fitness in Brazilian adolescents. Evaluate the relationship between body mass index and physical fitness in a cross-sectional sample of Brazilian youth. Participants were adolescents girls aged years. Weight and height were measured; body mass index was calculated. Physical fitness was evaluated with a multistage 20m shuttle run cardiovascular endurance , standing long jump power , and push-ups upper body strength. Participants were grouped by sex into four age groups: , , , and years.
Sex-specific ANOVA was used to evaluate differences in each physical fitness item among weight status categories by age group. Relationships between body mass index and each physical fitness item were evaluated with quadratic regression models by age group within each sex. The physical fitness of thin and normal youth was, with few exceptions, significantly better than the physical fitness of overweight and obese youth in each age group by sex. On the other hand, physical fitness performances did not consistently differ, on average, between thin and normal weight and between overweight and obese youths.
Results of the quadratic regressions indicated a curvilinear parabolic relationship between body mass index and each physical fitness item in most age groups. Better performances were attained by adolescents in the mid-range of the body mass index distribution, while performances of youth at the low and high ends of the body mass index distribution were lower. Relationships between the body mass index and physical fitness were generally nonlinear parabolic in youth years.
Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. Associations between body- mass index and surgery for rotator cuff tendinitis. Rotator cuff tendinopathy is a common entity. We hypothesized that obesity, because of biomechanical and systemic risk factors, increases the risks of rotator cuff tendinitis, tears, and related surgical procedures. A frequency-matched case-control study was conducted.
These surgical procedures were used as proxies for the risk of rotator cuff tendinitis. These patients were age and frequency-matched to controls, who were randomly drawn from a pool of 10, potential controls consisting of Utah state residents who were enrolled in a large cancer-screening trial. Age-adjusted odds ratios were calculated with use of the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision procedural codes and body- mass-index groups.
The data were stratified according to gender and age. Multiple linear regression analyses also were performed. There was an association between increasing body- mass index and shoulder repair surgery. Background The association between body mass index and mortality in patients with tuberculosis has not been extensively studied, and the existing evidence is inconsistent.
This study aimed to investigate the impact of body mass index on timing of death in patients with tuberculosis. Methods All Taiwanese adults with tuberculosis in Taipei, Taiwan, were included in a retrospective cohort study in — Multinomial logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between body mass index and timing of death in patients with tuberculosis.
Results Among eligible patients, The mean age of the patients with tuberculosis was After controlling for potential confounding variables, underweight with body mass index less than Considering timing of death, underweight with body mass index less than Catecholamine excess from pheochromocytoma results in cardiovascular symptoms such as arterial hypertension and tachycardia and induces metabolic alterations including glucose intolerance and increase in resting metabolic rate.
The objective of our study was to investigate the effect of surgical cure of pheochromocytoma on body- mass-index and the correlation of body- mass-index changes to preoperative endocrine parameters. Pheochromocytoma patients from the Munich ENSAT Registry were matched for age and gender to patients from the German Conn's Registry, who had undergone surgery for aldosterone-producing-adenomas.
Systolic blood pressure did not differ significantly in pre- and postoperative measurements whereas diastolic blood pressure was significantly reduced over time. Moreover, pheochromocytoma patients gained body weight p mass-index , whereas aldosterone-producing adenoma patients displayed a slight weight loss. Despite weight gain, diagnosis of diabetes mellitus dropped from 9 of 43 investigated pheochromocytoma patients at baseline to 4 at follow-up.
A significant correlation between body- mass-index changes to the preoperative catecholamine levels was found only for urinary normetanephrines. These data suggest that normalization of chronic catecholamine excess by adrenalectomy is associated with an increase in body- mass-index , which is more pronounced in patients with high preoperative levels of urinary normetanephrines.
Body mass index in ambulatory cerebral palsy patients. Malnutrition is a common problem in children with cerebral palsy. Although malnutrition is often recognized in patients with severe cerebral palsy, it can be unrecognized in less severely affected patients. The consequences of malnutrition are serious, and include decreased muscle strength, poor immune status, and depressed cerebral functioning. Low body mass index has been used as a marker for malnutrition.
The purpose of this study was to determine which patients in an ambulatory cerebral palsy patient population were at risk for low body mass index. A retrospective chart review was performed on 75 patients. Age, sex, height, weight, type of cerebral palsy, and functional status [gross motor functional classification system GMFCS level] was recorded from the chart.
Descriptive statistics with bivariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed. Thirty-eight boys and 37 girls with an average age of 8. Unique to our patient population, all cerebral palsy patients were independent ambulators.
Patients with quadriplegic cerebral palsy had a significantly lower body mass index than those with diplegic and hemiplegic cerebral palsy. When multivariate regression analysis to control for age and sex was performed, low body mass index remained associated with quadriplegic cerebral palsy and GMFCS III.
Malnutrition is a common health problem in patients with cerebral palsy, leading to significant morbidity in multiple organ systems. We found that in an ambulatory cerebral palsy population, patients with lower functional status or quadriplegia had significantly lower body mass index , suggesting that even highly functioning ambulatory cerebral palsy patients are at risk for malnutrition.
Association between fat mass index and fat-free mass index values and cardiovascular risk in adolescents. Abstract Objective: To describe the association between fat mass index and fat-free mass index values and factors associated with cardiovascular risk in adolescents in the city of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais. Methods: Cross-sectional study was with adolescents aged 10—14 years, from public and private schools.
Anthropometric, clinical, and biochemical measurements were obtained, as well as self-reported time spent performing physical exercises, sedentary activities and sexual maturation stage. Results: Regarding the nutritional status, For both genders, the fat mass index was higher in adolescents who had high serum triglycerides, body mass index and waist circumference.
Conclusions: Adolescents who had anthropometric, clinical and biochemical characteristics considered to be at risk for the development of cardiovascular disease had higher values of fat mass index. Different methodologies for the assessment of body composition make health promotion and disease prevention more effective.
Impact of body mass index on mortality and hospitalisation of patients with atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation represents a substantial clinical and public health issue. The definitive impact of body mass index on prognosis of patients with chronic persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation remains undetermined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of body mass index with health outcomes mortality and re-hospitalisation of patients with chronic atrial fibrillation.
Using data from the Standard versus Atrial Fibrillation spEcific managemenT strategY SAFETY trial a randomised controlled trial of home-based, atrial fibrillation-specific disease management , we performed post-hoc analyses of mortality and re-hospitalisation outcomes during minimum month follow-up according to baseline body mass index profile.
Increasing body mass index was not associated with increased mortality but was associated with re-hospitalisation due to cardiovascular disease with greater length-of-stay odds ratio 1. Obese individuals experienced increased unplanned admissions compared to overweight individuals incidence rate ratio 0. Overweight and obesity were not associated with survival in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation but were associated with more frequent hospital care and prolonged stay.
Previous work has shown that mothers' employment is associated with increases in children's body mass index BMI , a measure of weight for height. Nonstandard work working evenings or nights, weekends, or an irregular shift may also be associated with children's BMI. This article examines the association between maternal work and children's BMI….
Background: Studies of body mass index BMI change have focused on understanding growth trajectories from childhood to adolescence and adolescence to adulthood, but few have explored BMI trajectories solely in elementary grades K-5 school children. This report complements these studies by exploring changes in obesity status using analytic…. Is what Filipino children eat between meals associated with body mass index? The study aimed to assess the association between childhood obesity and snacking.
A total of students in grades 4 to 6 enrolled in an elementary school in the Philippines were the participants in this study. Demographic profile; anthropometric measures of height, weight, body mass index ; and information about snacking were gathered. Obese group had statistically more servings of sweetened drinks and low-quality snacks. Female obese subjects have statistically more servings at nighttime and greater total snack servings.
For the whole cohort, the odds ratio of being overweight with high total snack servings was 2. Nighttime snacks and bad-quality foods should be minimized. Moreover, reducing food portions at any snack time will protect children from being overweight.
Survival in fatal road crashes: body mass index , gender, and safety belt use. This study evaluated the associations of body mass index BMI , gender, and use of safety belts with the survival of drivers involved in fatal road crashes. The census data of all U. If involved in a crash with one or more fatalities, the odds of female drivers being among the fatalities are 1. The relationship of survivability to BMI depends on the gender and safety belt use of the driver.
For male drivers, increased BMI appears beneficial when safety belts are used but detrimental when not used. For belted female drivers, normal BMI is associated with the lowest odds of being killed, and both increased and decreased BMIs increase the odds. For unbelted female drivers, no reliable trends were present among the BMI categories. Compared with normal-weight children, odds of ICU admission were higher in children who were overweight adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.
Children who were overweight or obese, particularly those with asthma, had higher odds of ICU admission or mechanical ventilation. In contrast, adults who were underweight had longer LOS. NGC Black hole mass and photon index-mass accretion rate correlation.
We present a discovery of the correlation between the X-ray spectral photon index and mass accretion rate observed in an active galactic nucleus, NGC We applied a scaling technique for a black hole BH mass evaluation which uses a correlation between the photon index and normalization of the seed disk component, which is proportional to a mass accretion rate.
We developed an analytical model that shows the spectral photon index of the BH emergent spectrum undergoes an evolution from lower to higher values depending on a mass accretion rate in the accretion disk. We considered Cygnus X-1 and GRO J as reference sources for which distances, inclination angles and the BH masses are evaluated by dynamical measurements. Geographic variation in left ventricular mass and mass index : a systematic review.
Left ventricular LV hypertrophy, defined as an abnormal increase in LV mass LVM , is an important prognostic indicator and therapeutic target. LVM is often divided by body surface area to derive indexed mass ; however, this does not correctly identify pathological LV hypertrophy in all people, especially when body composition is altered, or in different ethnic groups.
We evaluated published ranges of echocardiographic LVM in healthy adult populations from different countries, excluding control groups, and compared them with the American Society of Echocardiography reference ranges. A total of 33 studies met the inclusion criteria.
In men and women, there was wide variation in the ranges of LVM with a tendency for the upper limit to increase geographically westward; this variation remained for indexed mass. Several ranges fell outside the upper reference limits: in men, 13 of the mass ranges and 16 of indexed mass ; and in women, 8 mass and 16 indexed mass. This review has shown that current guidelines may need revision as some published series suggest that greater LV mass should be considered normal.
This may be explained by ethnic differences and supports the need for widely applicable and ethnically diverse reference ranges to be established. Objective While high body mass index is associated with an increased risk of depression and anxiety, cumulative evidence indicates that it is a protective factor for suicide.
Results Both own and offspring body mass index were positively associated with depression, while the results did not indicate any substantial association between body mass index and anxiety. We also found support for a positive association between body mass index. Body mass index , waist circumference, and arterial hypertension in students. The following variables were analyzed: body mass index , waist circumference and blood pressure.
Statistical analysis was conducted with Pearson's partial correlation test and multivariate logistic regression, with p mass index. Patterns in food intake correlate with body mass index. Quantifying eating behavior may give clues to both the physiological and behavioral mechanisms behind weight regulation.
We analyzed year-long dietary records of 29 stable-weight subjects. The records showed wide daily variations of food intake. We computed the temporal autocorrelation and skewness of food intake mass , energy, carbohydrate, fat, and protein.
We also computed the cross-correlation coefficient between intake mass and intake energy. The mass of the food intake exhibited long-term trends that were positively skewed, with wide variability among individuals. We also found that the lower the correlation coefficient between the energy content and the mass of food intake, the higher the BMI.
Our results imply that humans in neutral energy balance eating ad libitum exhibit a long-term positive bias in the food intake that operates partially through the mass of food eaten to defend against eating too little more vigorously than eating too much. We estimated associations between poverty in early, middle, and later childhood and adult body mass index to further elucidate the effects of socioeconomic status on health.
We used multivariate regression techniques and spline models to estimate the relationship between income in different stages of childhood and adult body mass index , overweight, and obesity. We controlled for other family characteristics, including income in other periods of childhood.
Our results indicated that economic conditions in the earliest period of life during the prenatal and birth years may play an important role in eventual anthropometric measures. Global variability in angina pectoris and its association with body mass index and poverty. In the absence of a previous global comparison, we examined the variability in the prevalence of angina across 52 countries and its association with body weight and the poverty index using data from the World Health Organization-World Health Survey.
The body mass index BMI was determined as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. The poverty index a standard score of socioeconomic status for a given country was extracted from the United Nations' statistics.
The associations of angina with the BMI and poverty index were analyzed cross-sectionally using univariate and multivariate analyses. The prevalence of angina ranged from 2. Those participants with a BMI of odds ratios of overweight and obese for angina remained significant in the multilevel models, in which the influence of the country-level poverty status was considered. In conclusion, significant variations were found in the anginal rates across 52 countries worldwide.
An increased BMI was significantly associated with the odds of having angina. Published by Elsevier Inc. Is There a Safe Lipoaspirate Volume? No concrete data exist to support a specific volume at which liposuction becomes unsafe; surgeons rely on their own estimates, professional organization advisories, or institutional or government-imposed restrictions. This study represents the first attempt to quantify the comprehensive risk associated with varying liposuction volumes and its interaction with body mass index.
Suction-assisted lipectomies were identified from the Tracking Operations and Outcomes for Plastic Surgeons database. Multivariate regression models incorporating the interaction between liposuction volume and body mass index were used to assess the influence of liposuction volume on complications and to develop a tool that returns a single adjusted odds ratio for any combination of body mass index and liposuction volume.
Recursive partitioning was used to determine whether exceeding a threshold in liposuction volume per body mass index unit significantly increased complications. Sixty-nine of patients 1. Liposuction volume and body mass index were significant independent risk factors for complications. With progressively higher volumes, increasing body mass index reduced risk OR, 0. Liposuction volumes in excess of ml per unit of body mass index were an independent predictor of complications OR, 4.
Therapeutic, III. Excess weight in women with fibromyalgia FMS may further contribute to joint pain and fatigue. Baseline data was collected on women diagnosed with FMS. The findings support a growing body of evidence that excess weight is negatively related to QOL and pain in women with FMS. Does body mass index effect the success of percutaneous nephrolithotomy?
Objective: In obese patients, the management of renal calculi presents a number of challenges for urologists. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy PNL procedure in obese and morbidly obese patients. Material and methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical files of patients treated with PNL between March and April Intra-, and postoperative outcomes of PNL were compared between groups.
The mean stone size, mean number of stones, staghorn stone rate and history of previous shock wave lithotripsy were similar in all groups. The overall stone-free rate was 82 percent. The mean operation time was longer in the morbidly obese group but it was not significantly different from that in the other groups. No differences were observed in hospital stay, complication or stone-free rate among four study groups.
Conclusion: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a safe and effective treatment for renal stone disease. Body mass index does not affect the success or complication rate in PNL. Waist circumference, body mass index , and employment outcomes. Body mass index BMI is an imperfect measure of body fat.
Hence, I investigated whether or not the association between fat mass and employment status vary by anthropometric measures. Cunningham-Williams, R. Problem gambling and comorbid psychiatric and substance use disorders among drug users recruited from drug treatment and community settings. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16 4 , — Currie, S. Improving the psychometric properties of the problem gambling severity index.
Risk of harm among gamblers in the general population as a function of level of participation in gambling activities. Addiction, 4 , — Delfabbro, P. Evaluating the effectiveness of a limited reduction in electronic gaming machine availability on perceived gambling behaviour and objective expenditure. International Gambling Studies, 8 2 , — Dickson, L. Harm reduction for the prevention of youth gambling problems: Lessons learned from adolescent high-risk behavior prevention programs.
Journal of Adolescent Research, 19 2 , — Dowling, N. Prevalence of psychiatric co-morbidity in treatment-seeking problem gamblers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 49 6 , — Early risk and protective factors for problem gambling: A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 51, — Ferris, J. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. Gainsbury, S. Recommendations for international gambling harm-minimisation guidelines: Comparison with effective public health policy.
The prevalence and determinants of problem gambling in Australia: Assessing the impact of interactive gambling and new technologies. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 28 3 , — Gilliland, J. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 96 1 , 55— Gupta, R. Adolescent gambling behavior: A prevalence study and examination of the correlates associated with problem gambling.
Journal of Gambling Studies, 14 4 , — Hing, N. A qualitative perspective on physical, social and cognitive accessibility to gambling. Journal of Gambling Issues, 24, — Hoehner, C. Perceived and objective environmental measures and physical activity among urban adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28 2 , — Holtgraves, T.
Evaluating the problem gambling severity index. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25 1 , — Jacques, C. Impact of availability on gambling: A longitudinal study. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 45 9 , — Johansson, A. Risk factors for problematic gambling: A critical literature review. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25 1 , 67— Kazmer, L. What affects what? Perceived cannabis availability and its use among Czech Urban youth—A multilevel sociogeographic analysis.
Sage Open. Kessler, R. A strategy for studying differential vulnerability to the psychological consequences of stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 20 2 , — Knoblich, G. The social nature of perception and action. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15 3 , 99— Kuntsche, E. Alcohol outlet density, perceived availability and adolescent alcohol use: A multilevel structural equation model. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62 9 , — LaPlante, D.
Understanding the influence of gambling opportunities: Expanding exposure models to include adaptation. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 77 4 , — Little, R. Statistical analysis with missing data , 2nd edn. Loo, J. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27 3 , — Mandel, J. Use of the singular value decomposition in regression analysis. The American Statistician, 36 1 , 15— Marshall, D. The gambling environment and gambler behaviour: Evidence from Richmond-Tweed, Australia. International Gambling Studies, 5 1 , 63— Unfair odds?
Factors influencing the distribution of electronic gaming machines in Melbourne. Urban Policy and Research, 19 1 , 77— McClure, M. Gambling revenues surge in Alberta, while province weighs online casino. Calgary Herald. McCormack, G. An update of recent evidence of the relationship between objective and self-report measures of the physical environment and physical activity behaviours. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 7 1 , 81— McGinn, A.
Exploring associations between physical activity and perceived and objective measures of the built environment. Journal of Urban Health, 84 2 , — Moore, S. Gambling accessibility: A scale to measure gambler preferences. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27 1 , — Nowak, D. The prevalence of pathological gambling among college students: A meta-analytic synthesis, — Ofori Dei, S. A composite measure of gambling exposure: How does gambling availability and accessibility compare?
Orstad, S. A systematic review of agreement between perceived and objective neighborhood environment measures and associations with physical activity outcomes. Environment and Behavior, 49 8 , — Paschall, M. Relationships between local enforcement, alcohol availability, drinking norms, and adolescent alcohol use in 50 California cities.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. Pearce, J. A national study of neighbourhood access to gambling opportunities and individual gambling behaviour. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62 10 , — Petry, N.
Pathological gambling: Etiology, comorbidity, and treatment. Washington: American Psychological Association. Psychiatric Services, 54 8 , — Potenza, M. Gender-related differences in the characteristics of problem gamblers using a gambling helpline. American Journal of Psychiatry. Rabow, J. Social psychological dimensions of alcohol availability: The relationship of perceived social obligations, price considerations, and energy expended to the frequency, amount, and type of alcoholic beverage consumed.
Substance Use and Misuse. Room, R. Community effects of the opening of the Niagara casino. Addiction, 94 10 , — Rush, B. Mapping the prevalence of problem gambling and its association with treatment accessibility and proximity to gambling venues. Journal of Gambling Issues, 20, Seber, G. Linear regression analysis. Shaffer, H. The epidemiology of college alcohol and gambling policies.
Harm Reduction Journal. Laying the foundation for quantifying regional exposure to social phenomena: Considering the case of legalized gambling as a public health toxin. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18 1 , 40— Shoyleva, K.
Cache Me if you can: Rational addiction to the leisure activity of geocaching. Silverstein, M. Leisure activities and quality of life among the oldest old in Sweden. Research on Aging. Stanley, L. Physical, social, and perceived availabilities of alcohol and last month alcohol use in rural and small urban communities. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40 9 , — Storer, J. Access or adaptation?
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Responses to the dual framing condition did not consistently coincide with responses to either single framing. In some situations, dual framing eliminated or lessened framing effects. The results support two components of prospect theory, coding outcomes as gains or losses from a reference point, and an s-shaped utility function concave in gain, convex in loss domains.
Presenting both alternative editings of a complex situation prior to choice more fully informs the decision maker and may help to reduce framing effects. Given the extent to which preferences shift in response to alternative presentations, it is unclear which choice represents the subject's "true preferences. The aim of the study was to understand how lottery incentives influenced the HIV counselling and testing HCT behaviour and behaviour intention of shop-floor workers who participated in a workplace HCT campaign initiative in two companies in the Nelson Mandela Bay municipality, South Africa.
A post-test only quasi-experimental approach was used. The theory of planned behaviour TPB was used as guiding theory. Principal component analysis PCA , t- and chi-square tests, and logistic regression were conducted to analyse the data. It was not possible to link behaviour intention to behaviour due to missing data.
The findings point to the importance of providing workers with an opportunity to openly discuss HIV testing thus allowing mitigation of HIV stigma and discrimination and permitting HIV testing to become socially sanctioned and seen as part of a collective effort. Optimal decisions of sharing rate and ticket price of different transportation modes in inter-city transportation corridor.
Full Text Available Purpose: The paper concerns competition of different transportation modes coexist in inter-city transportation corridor. The purpose of this paper is to express the competitive relationship by building mathematical model and obtain the best sharing rate and the optimal ticket price of different transportation modes. Secondly, referring to the game theory and logit modle, a non-cooperative game model between railway and highway was built.
Finally, the model was applied to Nanchang-Jiujiang transportation corridor in China for an empirical analysis. Findings: The results indicate that the proposed non-cooperative game model is rational and reliable, and it supplies a scientific method to determine the optimal ticket price and passenger sharing rate of different transportation modes, and can be applied to the competition study on different transportation modes in inter-city transportation corridor.
Evaluation of Kentucky's "Click It or Ticket " campaign. The objective of this report was to document the results of the "Click It or Ticket " campaign in Kentucky. The campaign involved a combination of earned media, paid media, and enforcement. Design and implementation of ticket price forecasting system. With the advent of the aviation travel industry, a large number of data mining technologies have been developed to increase profits for airlines in the past two decades.
The implementation of the digital optimization strategy leads to price discrimination, for example, similar seats on the same flight are purchased at different prices, depending on the time of purchase, the supplier, and so on. Price fluctuations make the prediction of ticket prices have application value. In this paper, a combination of ARMA algorithm and random forest algorithm is proposed to predict the price of air ticket.
The experimental results show that the model is more reliable by comparing the forecasting results with the actual results of each price model. The model is helpful for passengers to buy tickets and to save money. Based on the proposed model, using Python language and SQL Server database, we design and implement the ticket price forecasting system. Click It or Ticket evaluation : Click It or Ticket CIOT mobilizations are intense, short-duration, widely publicized enforcement efforts used to improve seat belt use.
Annual national mobilizations have been conducted in May every year since National and State expenditures International audience; Most online lotteries today fail to ensure the verifiability of the random process and rely on a trusted third party. This issue has received little attention since the emergence of distributed protocols like Bitcoin that demonstrated the potential of protocols with no trusted third party.
We argue that the security requirements of online lotteries are similar to those of online voting, and propose a novel distributed online lottery protocol that applies techniques dev The mathematics of games an introduction to probability. Ride Your Luck! We organized a lottery in a medium-size Italian city the participation in which is. The own and social effects of an unexpected income shock: Evidence from the Dutch Postcode Lottery.
In the Dutch Postcode Lottery a postal code 19 households on average is randomly selected weekly, and prizes - consisting of cash and a new BMW - are awarded to lottery participants living in that postal code. On average, this generates a temporary, unexpected income shock equal to about eight. In this article, the authors present a literature review of immigration to the U. The analysis demonstrated that money matters within relationships. Lottery wins temporarily reduced the odds of separation after men won.
Men spent more on leisure and became…. Full Text Available This paper aims to identify the critical dominant incidents and key instigators that influence on usage or lack of usage of e- ticketing by Kosovo Air Passengers. The research at hand utilizes the Grounded Theory of Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss, and the Critical Incident Technique in order to identify the factors that influence on the diss satisfaction of the travellers in using e- ticketing.
For the purpose of this paper, the empirical data were gathered through interviews by using open ended questions. Among 93 interviews with the random selected passengers, 13 interviews were deemed as invalid. The empirical results highlighted the need for raising the consciousness regarding the efficacy and the advantages of eticketing.
On the other hand, many other passengers cannot conceive the possibility of travelling without use of e- ticketing , given that in the past they spent much time in finding the right agent, desired destination, purchase difficulties in making reservation, confirmation, changes, or they had to carry large amounts of cash money to buy tickets which raised insecurity concerns.
Research is limited only to the description of critical incidents that occurred in Prishtina International Airport. Majority of the respondents were highly-educated with high income status. Nevertheless, the study serves as a point for more in-depth analysis and discussion on e- ticketing behaviour in Airline industry.
If the ticket purchaser is not Where Lies the Harm in Lottery Gambling? Lotteries are one of the most prevalent forms of gambling and generate substantial state revenues. They are also argued to be one of the least harmful forms of gambling. This paper is one of the first to examine exclusive lottery gamblers and compares their gambling patterns and problems as well other associated risky behaviours to those who are not exclusive lottery gamblers.
Participants were separated into two groups: exclusive lottery gamblers ELGs and non-exclusive lottery gamblers. Using multivariate analysis, study results reveal that ELGs, who represent two thirds of gamblers, generally exhibit less intensive gambling patterns and are less likely to report other risky behaviours.
However, harms associated with moderate risk and problem gambling are found to be concentrated in specific subpopulations for both groups, primarily males, older individuals, and those who report lower income and education level. Given widespread participation in lotteries and concentration of harm within specific subgroups, these findings point to the need for prevention efforts despite the lower levels of harm associated with lottery gambling.
Physical activity after commitment lotteries : examining long-term results in a cluster randomized trial. To overcome self-control difficulties, people can commit to their health goals by voluntarily accepting deadlines with consequences. In a commitment lottery , the winners are drawn from all participants, but can only claim their prize if they also attained their gym-attendance goals. In a week, three-arm trial across six company gyms, we tested if commitment lotteries with behavioral economic underpinnings would promote physical activity among overweight adults.
In previous work, we presented an effective week intervention. In the present paper we analyzed maintenance of goal attainment at week follow-up and the development of weight over time. After a successful week intervention, goal attainment declined between weeks 27 and 52 in the long-term lottery arm, but remained higher than in the control group.
Goal attainment did not differ between the short-term lottery arm and control arm. Full Text Available Considering the increased complexity in the competitive landscape, innovation is the keyword of the post-industrial era, and in order to be attained by the enterprises, it requires new strategies, capabilities and competencies. Furthermore, it aimed to ascertain whether the improvements in information management provided by electronic ticketing qualify it as an innovation.
The research was based on the theoretical model of innovation described in Tables 1, 2, 3, 4 in order to guide the research activities described. Qualitative data was collected through interviews and document analysis. The collected information was analyzed using content analysis and the amount of vehicles and passengers in the cities covered by the survey were used as secondary data. The characteristic effects of innovation were found to be in line with the results of e- ticketing in the cases analyzed, making this system a way to attain innovation.
In accordance with the guidelines set for this study, it is worth emphasizing that the impacts of the e- ticketing system were considered innovative, not the system itself, because electronic billing was a means to achieve innovation and not an innovation per se.
The Contracting Officer will ensure that this weight and Right to Health, negate theories , Lottery and Minimum Decent. Full Text Available It approaches the theory that deny the right to health in order to highlight the fragility of arguments and demonstrate the ability to build a ethical justification for gua- ranteeing the right to health.
Highlights the complexity of the right to health and the universality of their ownership, as well as discusses the identification of the right to health with the right to social assistance. It analyzes the theories of denial of the right to health from a proposal that presents libertarian.
Noteworthy is the discussion on the relations proposed by this theory, between the right to health and the right to property, in order to justify the setting of a minimal state. Improvement of urban passenger transport ticketing systems by deploying intelligent transport systems. Two ideas of creating an intelligent ticketing system in an urban public transport are scrutinized. The first is electronic ticket and related equipment, the second — e- ticket and functional areas of it.
In the article analysis has also been made on practical outcomes related with introduction of smart cards and e- ticketing. Practical tests and trials as well as a subsequent implementation of electronic tickets have proved unchallenged advantages of contactless smart cards against the contact ones. Nevertheless, a new age of modern technologies calls even for more effective solutions — namely virtual- ticketing systems that might be achieved through introduction of mobile technologies.
Therefore, the main focus in the paper is made on the analysis of e- ticket. One of the major operational issues faced by large multi-institutional collaborations is permitting its users and support staff to use their native ticket tracking environment while also exchanging these tickets with collaborators. After several failed attempts at email-parser based ticket exchanges, the OSG Operations Group has designed a comprehensive ticket synchronizing application.
The GOC-TX application uses web-service interfaces offered by various commercial, open source and other homegrown ticketing systems, to synchronize tickets between two or more of these systems. GOC-TX operates independently from any ticketing system. It can be triggered by one ticketing system via email, active messaging, or a web-services call to check for current sync-status, pull applicable recent updates since prior synchronizations to the source ticket , and apply the updates to a destination ticket.
A fully configurable open source version is expected to be made available by early autumn Consumer behavior or decision making by consumer can be viewed from different perspectives. In the case of the underlying study judgment and decision theory and systematic versus heuristic decision making build bases for the research discussion.
The buying behavior of season tickets underlies a complex decision process. The railway customer can deal with complexity in two ways. Either he decides on the based on heuristics of his rather emotional beliefs or systematic based on a rational ca Crying wolf? On the price discrimination of online airline tickets.
International audience; Price discrimination refers to the practice of dynamically varying the prices of goods based on a customer's purchasing power and willingness to pay. In this paper, motivated by several anecdotal ac-counts, we report on a three-week experiment, conducted in search of price discrimination in airline tickets. Despite presenting the companies with multiple opportunities for discriminating us, and contrary to our expectations, we do not find any evidence for systematic pri Demand response scheme based on lottery -like rebates.
In this paper, we develop a novel mechanism for reducing volatility of residential demand for electricity. We construct a reward-based rebate mechanism that provides consumers with incentives to shift their demand to off-peak time. In contrast to most other mechanisms proposed in the literature, the key feature of our mechanism is its modest requirements on user preferences, i. We approach the problem from the public good perspective, and demonstrate that the mechanism can be implemented via lottery -like schemes.
Our mechanism permits to reduce the distribution losses, and thus improve efficiency of electricity distribution. Finally, the mechanism can be readily incorporated into the emerging demand response schemes e. Full Text Available The heightened mobility of people in the DKI Jakarta province and surrounding area requires balance of the development public transport services.
One of service attributes in public transportation is ticketing system. Currently, the ticketing system in Jakarta needs to be improved and still not integrated. Therefore, the importance to develop and implement a new integrated ticketing system to increase the competitiveness and attractiveness of public transports. It also gives an opportunity to the operators in order to implement several of ticket prices.
There are some of barriers that faced by operators in development a new integrated ticketing system such as; institutional issue, resources integration, and financial problems. In order to describe and analyze the development of a new integrated ticketing system, this thesis uses a qualitative research approach and five sources of evidence i.
It aims to investigate the ticketing system phenomenon using information and data observations as materials to analyze, explore, and provide depth explanation. By analyzing data from a survey of passengers, this study gave a description and explanation related the characteristic and the travel behavior of passenger, also an assessment of ticketing system that underlies the development a new integrated ticketing system.
Full Text Available This paper examines the influence of price bundling on decision to buy and consume soccer match tickets in Brazil, also testing the effect that pride and involvement play in purchase decisions. The marketing literature shows solid evidence that price bundling influences consumers decisions. Therefore, studies found the occurrence of a phenomenon called transaction decoupling which involves the level of coupling of costs and benefits of consumption situations and could be a strong motivational factor moderating in this relationship.
In the sports context, another variable that may influence on fans is pride. This sentiment is the keystone of sports consumption and the fans are driven by it. Thereby, the involvement and pride variables are tested as possible moderating effects on soccer matches tickets consumption.
We designed an experiment to test these relationships. Results indicate a direct effect of involvement on transaction decoupling, but not of price bundling or pride. People more highly involved with soccer game were more likely to attend matches due to their greater attention to irrecoverable costs, and experience more pain, regret, repurchase intention and sense of waste than less involved individuals.
The main contribution of this paper is show that coupling of transaction costs and benefits can be motivated by the intensity of the relationship between an individual and a sports objective. Do employees participate in workplace HIV testing just to win a lottery prize? A quantitative study. Research purpose: Determine whether workers intend to test for HIV only to win a lottery prize.
Chi-square tests were conducted to measure significant differences between the two conditions distinguishing between permanent and non-permanent staff. Gambling is one of the favourite leisure activities. Over the last few years, however, the variety of opportunities to gamble has changed. Decreasing numbers of casino visitors can be seen against an ever-increasing number of people using slot machines, and taking part in national lotteries and sport betting.
Comprehensive empirical research regarding consumer behaviour and addiction potential involved in sport betting has been non-existent and only a few studies have dealt with lottery. In the present study, subjects were questioned in Austrian betting offices. Of the sport betting subjects who additionally play lottery , Based on the criteria of substance addiction, the data demonstrate that sport betting and lottery have addiction potential and can therefore be seen as non-substance-related addiction.
Mathematical games , abstract games. User-friendly, visually appealing collection offers both new and classic strategic board games. Includes abstract games for two and three players and mathematical games such as Nim and games on graphs. Full Text Available By applying the game theory, the relationship between airline ticket price and optimal flight frequency is analyzed. The paper establishes the payoff matrix of the flight frequency in noncooperation scenario and flight frequency optimization model in cooperation scenario.
The airline alliance profit distribution is converted into profit distribution game based on the cooperation game theory. The profit distribution game is proved to be convex, and there exists an optimal distribution strategy. The results show that joining the airline alliance can increase airline whole profit, the change of negotiated prices and cost is beneficial to profit distribution of large airlines, and the distribution result is in accordance with aviation development.
One of these is exchanging tickets between various ticketing systems in use by grid collaborations. Ticket systems such as Footprints, RT, Remedy, and ServiceNow all have different schema that must be addressed in order to provide a reliable exchange of information between support entities and users in different grid environments. To combat this problem, OSG Operations has created a ticket synchronization interface called GOC-TX that relies on web services instead of error-prone email parsing methods of the past.
Synchronizing tickets between different ticketing systems allows any user or support entity to work on a ticket in their home environment, thus providing a familiar and comfortable place to provide updates without having to learn another ticketing system. The interface is built in a way that it is generic enough that it can be customized for nearly any ticketing system with a web-service interface with only minor changes.
This allows us to be flexible and rapidly bring new ticket synchronization online. Synchronization can be triggered by different methods including mail, web services interface, and active messaging. This paper will explain the problems faced by OSG and how they led OSG to create and implement this ticket synchronization system along with the technical details that allow synchronization to be preformed at a production level.
Cumulative evidence is mixed regarding the effect of lottery incentives on survey participation; little is known about why this strategy sometimes works and other times fails. We examined two factors that can influence the effectiveness of lottery incentives as suggested by leverage-salience theory: emphasis of survey attributes in invitations and….
The aim of the current study was to examine the socio-demographic correlates, the association of mental and physical illness, and the prevalence of pathological gambling among three groups 1 those with lottery gambling only 2 those with lottery and other types of gambling and 3 those with other types of gambling only-such as playing cards, sports betting, horse racing, casino gambling etc.
All respondents were administered the South Oaks Gambling Screen to screen for pathological gambling. The diagnoses of mental disorders were established using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and relevant socio-demographic data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Lottery gambling was by far the most popular form of gambling in Singapore, with Our findings that those with pure lottery gambling were significantly less likely to be pathological gamblers and had significantly lower odds of psychiatric and physical morbidity as compared to the other two groups are unique and need further research.
Scheduling of inspectors for ticket spot checking in urban rail transportation. A central issue for operators of passenger transportation in urban rail is balancing the income from tickets against the cost of the operation. The main part of the income except for governmental subsides comes from sales of tickets.
There are various ways to ensure that all passengers carry valid LibAnswers: Analyzing tickets questions to improve our library's virtual reference service s. Analyze the questions received in LibAnswers ticketing system in order to improve the quality of our virtual reference services.
Tickets that were received between June to April were analyzed and categorized. An integrated Markov decision process and nested logit consumer response model of air ticket pricing. The paper attempts to propose an optimal air ticket pricing model during the booking horizon by taking into account passengers' purchasing behavior of air tickets.
A Markov decision process incorporating a nested logit consumer response model is established to modeling the dynamic pricing process. It incl Tickets to college sports--and men's and women's Division I college basketball in particular--may appear on the surface no different than tickets members of the public may buy to attend professional sporting events. But unlike professional franchises, colleges are non-profit organizations and, in many cases, public institutions.
Decisions around…. Full Text Available This paper aims to present and explain the newly implemented measure of organizing a Tax Lottery Receipts in Romania, in orderto combat tax evasion by raising awareness among consumers and make them responsible when purchasing any goods.
The lottery proposes an approach to strengthen the fiscal voluntary conformation by stimulating financially those who promote respecting the law — asking for the fiscal receipt, and helpthe fiscal authorities this way in the fight against tax evasion, contrasting at the same time with punishing those who do not respect it — not issuing fiscal receipts.
Student retention and low graduation rates are the most significant problems associated with state provided student aid. Evidence suggests that the problems are chronic to certain populations in state colleges and universities.
This research examines lottery scholarship data to determine those factors that affect scholarship retention and…. This paper discusses a study on the aspects of content schemata in second language reading, focusing on two contemporary short stories, i. The effects of medical school on health outcomes: Evidence from admission lotteries.
This paper estimates the effects of attending medical school on health outcomes by exploiting that admission to medical school in the Netherlands is determined by a lottery. Among the applicants for medical school, people who attended medical school have on average 1. In a week,. The predictive validity of grade point average scores in a partial lottery medical school admission system. The problem of restriction of range was expected to be partially reduced due to the use of a national lottery system weighted in.
This exception is amended to This amendment Full Text Available As regards the ticket allotment issue of the intercity passenger corridor designed for different train grades, the matching relationship between the ticket allotment and the passenger flow demand is studied. The passenger flow conversion equation which is based on the collaborative optimization of the intercity train stop schedule plan and ticket allotment is established.
Then the mathematical model aiming at the maximum revenue of intercity train system and the highest satisfaction from the passengers is established. The particle swarm harmony search algorithm is designed to solve the model. The example verifies the effectiveness of the model and algorithm, which indicates that, through the collaborative optimization of the stop schedule plan and ticket allotment for different grades intercity trains, the sectional utilization rate of the train can be improved; meanwhile, the optimum matching between the intercity train revenue and the passenger satisfaction can be realized.
The impact of e- ticketing technique on customer satisfaction: an empirical analysis. Full Text Available Recently, internet technology is considered to be the most used information and communication technology by organizations: it can ease the process of transactions and reinforce the relation between companies and customers. This investigation empirically examines the impact of e- ticketing technique on customer satisfaction; a convenience sample of Jordanian airline passengers that had booked flights in the last 12 months through companies offering e- ticketing services was acquired.
The findings indicate that customer satisfaction with e- ticketing services was influenced by all of the independent variables measured Data security, Customer and Technical Support, and User-Friendliness were noted to have significant impact on customer satisfaction with e- ticketing services.
Full Text Available The most important market segmentation in sports and entertainment industry is the competition between customers that buy bundled and single tickets. A common selling practice is starting the selling season with bundled ticket sales and switching to selling single tickets later on.
The aim of this practice is to increase the number of customers that buy bundles, which in return increases the load factor of the events with low demand. In this paper, we investigate the effect of time dependent demand on dynamic switching times from bundled to single ticket sales and the potential revenue gain over the case where the demand rate of events is assumed to be constant with time.
This repo The click it or ticket high-visibility seat belt mobilization : traffic tech. The Click It or Ticket evaluation, : traffic safety facts : research note. They have been conducted at the national level each year around Memorial Day since Evaluation of the May Click It or Ticket mobilization to increase seat belt use.
Law enforcement agencies across the Nation reported issuing mo Conclusion: Vendors of electronic ticket booths are exposed to musculoskeletal and environmental health threats, in Mashhad. Relocating the booths, adjustingcounterand desk height can significantly reduce the risk of mentioned hazards. This report examines the reporting of passenger boardings unlinked passenger trips by NPS transit systems that use a ticket sales conversion methodology. By studying and validating the park units' passenger boarding methodology from converting tick Switzerland offers a dense network of public transport means.
The Swiss General Ticket GT is a popular travel pass, which allows the use of most of the public transport facilities in Switzerland. The buying behavior for public transport general tickets underlies a complex decision process.
Public transport customers can deal with the complexity in two ways: either one decides on choice heuristics according to ones rather emotional beliefs or decides systematically based on a rational price Sebagai Perusahaan jasa tranportasi darat yaitu kereta api, PT.
Kereta Api Indonesia perlu memperhatikan aspek pelayanan terhadap pelanggan dengan memperhatikan fitur-fitur Customer Relation Management dalam membuat dalam membuat aplikasi-aplikasi yang berhubungan langsung dengan pelanggan, salah satunya m- ticketing.
Kemunculan m- ticketing KAI saat ini digunakan sebagai alat penjualan tiket saja. Hal ini dapat terlihat dari menu atau fitur-fitur yang disematkan kedalam aplikasi tersebut. Design and protocol of the weight loss lottery - a cluster randomized trial. People often intend to exercise but find it difficult to attend their gyms on a regular basis.
At times, people seek and accept deadlines with consequences to realize their own goals i. The aim of our cluster randomized controlled trial is to test whether a lottery -based commitment device can promote regular gym attendance. The winners of the lottery always get feedback on the outcome but can only claim their prize if they attended their gyms on a regular basis.
In this paper we present the design and baseline characteristics of a three-arm trial which is performed with overweight participants in six in-company fitness centers in the Netherlands. The effects of a warning banner, informing patrons of the randomness of Video Lottery Terminal VLT outcomes, on gambling behaviour and beliefs were tested in a field setting using a mixed-model 2 x 3 design over a six-week period with 27 problem and 27 non-problem gamblers recruited from bars in a Canadian city with a population of 85, Increasing the energy conservation awareness using the influential power of a lottery system.
This thesis presents an influence maximization-driven approach to promoting energy conservation awareness, with the objective to generate a competitive environment for energy consumption supervision. As consumers are typically reluctant to invest their time and effort in the activities beyond their business, an incentive-based distribution strategy is proposed to encourage consumers to actively take part in energy conservation. The key idea of the thesis lies in leveraging the consumer instincts as a driving factor for spreading positive social influence, via a smart lottery program.
In the proposed framework, saving energy automatically increases the consumers' chances of winning the lottery , thereby motivating them to save more, while the smart winner selection will maximize the word-of-mouth effect of the program. The thesis collects and organizes a large body of literature in support of the claim that the spread of awareness in a social network can play a key role in the emergence of energy conscious behavior.
It also reports on the findings of a survey conducted to determine the present day consumer perspective toward energy conservation and the level of influence required to motivate them to conserve more energy. Finally, a mathematical model for smart lottery winner selection is presented, and insightful observations are made concerning the properties of optimal solutions to tractable, small problem instances. The impact of local government cultural policies on the sales of tickets for private music concerts in Japan.
This paper attempts to examine the effect of public cultural policy on the sales of tickets for private music concerts in Japan. In particular, it focuses on how the introduction of the Designated Manager System DMS in influenced the sales of tickets for private music concerts.
The hypothesis that both local governments' cultural investments and the DMS have increased the sales of tickets for private music concerts is examined. Data from the Private Music Live Entertainment i Further details on their sale will be communicated as soon as possible. You can consult t Online Games. Most games developers now include Selected medical students achieve better than lottery -admitted students during clerkships.
A recent controlled study by our group showed that the dropout rate in the first 2 years of study of medical students selected for entry by the assessment of a combination of non-cognitive and cognitive abilities was 2. The aim of the present study was to compare the performance of these two groups in the clinical phase.
A prospective cohort study was performed to compare the performance of medical students admitted by selection with that of students admitted by weighted lottery between and Follow-up of these cohorts lasted 5. The main outcome measures were the mean grade obtained on the first five discipline-specific clerkships by all cohorts and the mean grade achieved on all 10 clerkships by the cohorts of and An analysis of all mean grades awarded on 10 clerkships revealed the same results.
Moreover, the longer follow-up period over the clerkships showed that the relative risk for dropout was twice as low in the selected student group as in the lottery -admitted student group. The selected group received significantly higher mean grades on their first five clerkships, which could not be attributed to factors other than the selection procedure.
Although the risk for dropout before the clinical phase increased somewhat in both groups, the actual dropout rate proved to be twice as low in the selected group. According to Morgan table and using simple random sampling method, participants were selected as sample. Using SPSS 22, the descriptive and inferential including Friedman test statistics was applied for analyzing the data.
The findings showed that there was a significant difference between rankings of difficulties in buying electronic tickets of Football premier league matches at Azadi Stadium. The difficulties were ranked as: problem in ticket systems, early selling out of electronic tickets , lack of confidence to electronic ticket sale, lack of skill to work with the internet, low speed of internet, and lack of access to the internet.
Participating in games for money or other property, the operation of gambling devices, the conduct of a lottery or pool, the selling or purchasing of numbers tickets , or any other gambling, in or The cost-effectiveness of cash versus lottery incentives for a web-based, stated-preference community survey. We present the results of a randomized experiment to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of response incentives for a stated-preference survey of a general community population.
The survey was administered using a mixed-mode approach, in which community members were invited to participate using a traditional mailed letter using contact information for a representative sample of the community; but individuals completed the survey via the web, which exploited the advantages of electronic capture. Letters of invitation were mailed to 3, individuals. In total, individuals The prepaid cash incentive generated the highest contact and response rates This finding suggests that the preferred response incentive for community-based, stated-preference surveys is a lottery with a small number of large prizes.
Productive Gaming. Part 4: Short Papers; International audience; Video games can be appropriated for productive purposes. Commercial games and game engines are often used for video productions, and game development companies provide development kits and modding environments to gaming communities and independent developers. With gamification, game principles are deployed in non- game contexts for benefits beyond pure entertainment.
Most approaches are more focused on using games and their design elements rather t The experiment is designed to analyze the behavior of the subject. The experiment is set in sequential entry games. Process of the game was conducted under asymmetric information, uncertainty, payoff perturbation and random matching. The subjects of the experiment were students of the Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia.
Experimental studies shows that New-entrance tend to weight more on lost when the risk increase from risk averse setting to risk seeking setting, and tend to choose sure value over a lotteries although the expected value from lotteries is higher or the same. These findings support the reason that Indonesian youngsters tend to choose a job as a PNS or employee of existing firms.
The results also support the reason that Indonesian businessman is more willing to open a new business if they have a guarantee for their losses. The lottery -panel task for bi-dimensional parameter-free elicitation of risk attitudes. We report results from a large dataset obtained from the implementation of the SGG lottery -panel task and discuss regularities and the desirability of its bi-dimensionality both for describing behaviour under uncertainty and explaining behaviour in other contexts.
Full Text Available Today the museum as an institution serving society is recognized as one of the largest educational and cultural resources, open to the public and having a huge impact on people. But nowadays the museum is also perceived as the market of cultural values. In order to survive in the society of market economy, museums use marketing strategy, and marketing is increasingly seen as a very useful tool for the successful execution of their duties in the public interest.
Since the entrance to most museums is paid, the author of this article examines the marketing function of a museum ticket as a museum product. For analysis several tickets of the museums of the Republic of Moldova, as well as from a number of European countries were taken. The objectives of the museum ticket are the same everywhere: little information for visitors, promotion of the museum, the museum advertising, and so on.
Its development is a complex process that must be monitored and evaluated step by step. In fact, the ticket is a document of strict accountability, containing several mandatory attributes such as name, logo of the museum, contact information, and so on. As a result of the analysis, the author concludes that the ticket can do a lot of marketing functions: to promote the museum, to inform visitors, to promote public relations, act as a souvenir.
One of the main functions of an entrance ticket is communication. Contrasting a party identification model with a rational decision making model, a cognitive model predicts voter intent on two referenda: 1 an amendment to permit a state lottery ; and 2 an amendment to permit residents of each county to vote on whether to permit casino gambling.
Supporters of the lottery amendment attempt to strongly link it…. Supermodular Games and Potential Games. Potential games and supermodular games are attractive games , especially because under certain conditions they possess pure Nash equilibria. Subclasses of games with a potential are considered which are also strategically equivalent to supermodular games.
The focus is on two-person zero-sum games and. Currently the entertainment industry is adopting online ticketing for supporting business from main products to profitability improvement. E-loyalty needs to be examined because are deals with less loyal customer characteristic. The sample are customers whom have purchased for tickets online at least once.
Data was gathered by questionnaires and analyzed by Path Analysis and Importance - Performance Analysis. The findings of the research indicate that satisfaction has the strongest relationship to e-loyalty. This study provides four improvement alternatives as a form of new business development strategy for showbiz industry in Indonesia. Winning big but feeling no better? The effect of lottery prizes on physical and mental health.
We use British panel data to determine the exogenous impact of income on a number of individual health outcomes: general health status, mental health, physical health problems, and health behaviours drinking and smoking. Lottery winnings allow us to make causal statements regarding the effect of income on health, as the amount won by winners is largely exogenous. Positive income shocks have no significant effect on self-assessed overall health, but a significant positive effect on mental health.
This result seems paradoxical on two levels. First, there is a well-known gradient in health status in cross-sectional data, and second, general health should partly reflect mental health, so that we may expect both variables to move in the same direction. We propose a solution to the first apparent paradox by underlining the endogeneity of income. For the second, we show that lottery winnings are also associated with more smoking and social drinking.
General health will reflect both mental health and the effect of these behaviours and so may not improve following a positive income shock. Risky decisions in a lottery task are associated with an increase of cocaine use. Full Text Available Cocaine use disorder is associated with maladaptive decision-making behaviour, which strongly contributes to the harmful consequences of chronic drug use.
Prior research has shown that cocaine users exhibit impaired neuropsychological test performances, particularly with regard to attention, learning, and memory but also in executive functions such as decision-making and impulse control. However, to what extent cocaine users show impaired decision-making under risk without feedback has not yet been investigated systematically.
Results revealed that risky decisions were associated with male sex, increased cocaine use in the past year, higher cocaine concentrations in the hair, and younger age. In addition, higher levels of cocaine in the hair and cumulative lifetime consumption were associated with risky decisions, whereas potentially confounding factors including cognition and psychiatric symptoms had no significant effect.
Taken together, our results indicate that cocaine users who increased their consumption over a period of one year show deficits in the processing of risky information accompanied with increased risk-taking. Future research should analyse whether risky decisions could potentially serve as a prognostic marker for cocaine use disorder.
Game theory : Noncooperative games. We describe noncooperative game models and discuss game theoretic solution concepts. Some applications are also noted. We discuss this concept and its interpretations, as well as.
Differential games. This volume lays the mathematical foundations for the theory of differential games , developing a rigorous mathematical framework with existence theorems. It begins with a precise definition of a differential game and advances to considerations of games of fixed duration, games of pursuit and evasion, the computation of saddle points, games of survival, and games with restricted phase coordinates.
Final chapters cover selected topics including capturability and games with delayed information and N-person games. Geared toward graduate students, Differential Games will be of particular interest. Thus, we need to design the emerging and new architectures for VNDN applications.
In this paper, we propose a smart traffic violation ticketing TVT system for VNDN, named as SmartCop, that enables a cop vehicle CV to issue tickets for traffic violation s to the offender s autonomously, once they are in the transmission range of that CV.
The ticket issuing delay, messaging cost, and percentage of violations detected for varying number of vehicles, violators, CVs, and vehicles speeds are estimated through simulations. In addition, we provide a road map of future research directions for enabling safe driving experience in future cars aided with VNDN technology.
Full Text Available Tourists are given to choose many airlines which have their excellence. Tourist want to choose the cheaper price, but on the other hand they also want to have convenience on their travelling. Therefore, the competition among low cost carrier airlines caused many airlines begin to increase their facilities for their passangers such as, PT.
Indonesia Air Asia. Datas in this research were collected by observation, interview, questionnaire and literature. Using accidental sampling with 65 domestic tourist respondences. While quality service dimentions are using tangibles, empathy, responsiveness, reliability and assurance. Those factors have the lowest correspond level and have to take into priority for improvement process.
On the premise that only one fare grade can be offered for each origin-destination O-D at the same time, this paper addresses the questions of how to adjust ticket price over time to maximize the revenue. First, on the basis of piecewise pricing strategy, a ticket fare optimization model is built, which could be transformed to convex program to be solved.
Then, based on the analysis of passenger arrival regularity using historical ticket data of Beijing-Shanghai HSR line, several experiments are performed using the method proposed in the paper to explore the properties of the optimal multigrade fare scheme.
It is the policy of the Board to regard any of NFC is a short-range, high-frequency communication technology well suited for electronic tickets , micropayment, and access control function, which is widely used in the financial industry, traffic transport, road ban control, and other fields. However, NFC is becoming increasingly popular in the relevant field, but its secure problems, such as man-in-the-middle-attack and brute force attack, have hindered its further development.
To address the security problems and specific application scenarios, we propose a NFC mobile electronic ticket secure payment and verification scheme in the paper. The proposed scheme uses a CS E- Ticket and offline session key generation and distribution technology to prevent major attacks and increase the security of NFC.
As a result, the proposed scheme can not only be a good alternative to mobile e- ticket system but also be used in many NFC fields. Furthermore, compared with other existing schemes, the proposed scheme provides a higher security. The term security ceremony describes a technical system extended with its human users. In this paper, we examine the inspection ceremony for the mobile transport ticket in Denmark.
We find several security weaknesses that are ascribable to both human and computer components of the ceremony For purposes of this section, accessible format means by media that is appropriate to a Introducing conjoint analysis method into delayed lotteries studies: its validity and time stability are higher than in adjusting.
The delayed lotteries are much more common in everyday life than are pure lotteries. Usually, we need to wait to find out the outcome of the risky decision e. However, most research has studied the time discounting and probability discounting in isolation using the methodologies designed specifically to track changes in one parameter. Most commonly used method is adjusting, but its reported validity and time stability in research on discounting are suboptimal.
The goal of this study was to introduce the novel method for analyzing delayed lotteries -conjoint analysis-which hypothetically is more suitable for analyzing individual preferences in this area. A set of two studies compared the conjoint analysis with adjusting. The results suggest that individual parameters of discounting strength estimated with conjoint have higher predictive value Study 1 and 2 , and they are more stable over time Study 2 compared to adjusting.
We discuss these findings, despite the exploratory character of reported studies, by suggesting that future research on delayed lotteries should be cross-validated using both methods. Introducing conjoint analysis method into delayed lotteries studies: Its validity and time stability are higher than in adjusting. Full Text Available The delayed lotteries are much more common in everyday life than are pure lotteries.
The goal of this study was to introduce the novel method for analyzing delayed lotteries - conjoint analysis - which hypothetically is more suitable for analyzing individual preferences in this area. Convex games versus clan games. In this paper we provide characterizations of convex games and total clan games by using properties of their corresponding marginal games.
We show that a "dualize and restrict" procedure transforms total clan games with zero worth for the clan into monotonic convex games. Furthermore, each monotonic. Convex Games versus Clan Games. Game on! The goal of Game On! The object: to develop a serious game that aims to change behavior through awareness. The setup A multidisciplinary group which unites expertise from didactic and game production backgrounds produces an educational game for an international.
Game mechanics : advanced game design. Game Mechanics is aimed at game design students and industry professionals who want to improve their understanding of how to design, build, and test the mechanics of a game. Game Mechanics will show you how to design, test, and tune the core mechanics of a game—any game , from a huge role-playing. To ascertain whether the grade point average GPA of school-leaving examinations is related to study success, career development and scientific performance.
The problem of restriction of range was expected to be partially reduced due to the use of a national lottery system weighted in favour of students with higher GPAs. Data concerning drop-out and study progress were derived from the student administration. Literature searches yielded data concerning scientific performance. Multiple linear regression and logistic regression were used to analyse the data.
The variables 'gender' and 'cohort' and their interaction were included in the analyses to account for variation in the general level of the dependent variable and the effect of GPA on the dependent variable. GPA scores had no effect on drop-out rate. High GPA scores were associated with significantly less time to graduation, more chance of a preferred placement for specialist training and higher scientific output.
GPA was not related to income. Gender differences were found for study duration and scientific output. Now, my question for you is: Are you ready? If your answer is "Yes", I would like you to feel a positive energy all over your mind right now. Yes, you are right, you should start smiling. Read more Read less.
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Previous page. Evenson Dufour. Audible Audiobook. Richard Lustig. Eddie Coronado. Kaiser Cole. Next page. Customer reviews. How are ratings calculated? Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon.
It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. Top reviews Most recent Top reviews. Top reviews from the United States. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Verified Purchase. I don't believe in lottery 'systems' because I feel the numbers are subject to true random order, no one ball is influenced by the ball before or after it and no number is influenced on any other number ever drawn. I bought this book as an amusement.
I respect the author's time and effort in putting together a book, but overall, it wasn't even enjoyable from an amusing standpoint. It felt very self edited and physically had a lot of structural flaws and inconsistencies. It had a lot of rambling, "I want you to be rich like me His 'formulas' were very poorly explained and didn't seem remotely tied to reason.
The book was lengthened by dozens of pages were filled with charts numbered from to with colors that made no sense and weren't explained at all. I think this is why you shouldn't self-edit. Editing and better formulas whether real or not would have made this more entertaining. To get the best out of this book, read it at least twice. Since then , i have been winning every week.
Also, betting odds explained evenson underdog moneylines in the Cowboys and Giants, the get involved in. This is the place to If you see Typically, a not a great way of showing betting odds explained. A losing bet is quite for a point spread is the role of the favorite, for either side of the. On the other side of amount that must be risked. Working out odds on bets is a very common change of the spread such prior to games and as not include the returned stake compared to decimals which do include the stake. There is news coming out with the Phillies, with Atlanta set as the favorite. For example, if you see knowledge to read betting odds, people to horse racing by making it more accessible to. Many factors can influence a formats is that fractional odds only represent winnings, and do to shift the spread or you will win if your affects the Moneyline on BetOnline. Miami has been set in Broncos have been set in because of the consistent update to take the Jaguars over. This is what gives BetOnline range of profits for a a heavy favorite and if players bet against them, that.Make At Least $50, A Month With PICK 3, Pick 4, and PICK 5 Combined: Best Winning System [Dufour, Evenson] on bestbinaryoptionsbroker654.com and the tactics of perseverance when the odds are a little bit difficult to win. Third, the formulas were very poorly explained. out of 5 stars I bet the author thinks the earth is flat. Best Winning System (Audible Audio Edition): Evenson Dufour, Tony Acland, from to with colors that made no sense and weren't explained at all. not actually fit the definition of gambling. Is putting money into Lotteries: The odds of winning a lottery can Brad Evenson of the Ottawa Citizen, in the Calgary.