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Market economy status china eu investment

The EU should therefore maintain effective trade defence instruments that take the real market situation in China into account. It is especially important that the EU avoids trade diversion of Chinese exports towards Europe as a consequence of differing views. It is in the interest of European business that the EU strives for a sound and balanced economic relationship with China. To achieve this it is important that the EU proactively engages China through all available channels. BusinessEurope is the leading advocate for growth and competitiveness at European level, standing up for companies across the continent and actively campaigning on the issues that most influence their performance.

You are here Home Publications Position papers China's market economy status. Share this. Mail this page. Position papers. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.

Full text. Document stages in plenary. Select a document : Select Debates :. Texts adopted.

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Reiterates the importance of the EU partnership with China, in which free and fair trade and investment play an important role.

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Market economy status china eu investment These tables include details residual forex income focus on jobs at risk in manufacturing, and two other aggregated sectors resources and services. The Manufacturing Footprint and the Importance of U. The implications of this decision at the industry and national level are examined below. Position papers. This table is then used to distribute the employment results obtained by running the input-output model basic on EU27 aggregate input-output table across the countries; this produces the by-industry, by-country estimates of jobs at risk due to surging Chinese imports. These data suggest that anti-dumping orders are more effective, or easier to obtain, or both, relative to anti-subsidy measures. November
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Cost-effective Chinese intermediate goods offer a significant cost advantage for individual countries and sectors. Trade with China thus strengthens the competitiveness of local business sites. Nevertheless, the anti-dumping AD procedures of the EU against China between and increased from 28 to 50, accounting for approximately 47 percent of the total EU procedures currently in place.

Yet only three percent of total Chinese exports to the EU are affected. Chinese exports in this sector are also affected to a disproportionately high extent by AD procedures. It therefore is not surprising that the lobby against Chinese Dumping is especially strong here.

This was demonstrated as well by protests of steel workers in Brussels in November this year. Consumer prices will increase by more than 7 percent, since AD duties have to be added. This is an undesired side effect of punitive tariffs, since they are passed on in full to customers. Intermediary and finished goods thus become more expensive. For producers who rely on Chinese intermediate goods, production costs therefore increase. Consumers in turn have to face higher prices for consumer goods.

Punitive tariffs may produce yet another adverse effect: They weaken the competition between Chinese suppliers, since less competitive Chinese exporters will exit the market. Those exporters remaining in the market become increasingly stronger as a result. In some sectors, Chinese exporters even broaden their exports after the introduction of punitive tariffs, as they partly fill the gaps left by their former competitors. Abolition of the market economy status: no surge of Chinese exports to be expected.

If the market economy status should be abolished as a basis for determining anti-dumping duties against Chinese products, there could be two possible scenarios: in scenario 1, the same anti-dumping duties apply for Chinese exporters as they do for exporters who have already been granted market economy status under the current anti-dumping regulation. In this case, those Chinese exports to the EU that until now have been affected by anti-dumping duties, would increase by one percent or USD million.

That is just 0. Scenario 2 is the extreme case that dumping can no longer be identified due to the change in the legislative situation, and therefore no anti-dumping duties are charged at all. If current anti-dumping duties would not apply anymore, Chinese exports of the products concerned in the EU would increase by 29 percent.

This is equivalent to an export volume of approximately USD 4. So our study shows that even in an extreme scenario, no Chinese export surge is to be expected if China is not treated anymore on the basis of non-market economy status in future EU anti-dumping cases. In addition, the countries granting China market economy status e. Australia have sufficient restrictive and protective mechanisms against dumping. The results of our study show that the abolition of the market economy status as proposed by the Commission could be a reasonable step to modernizing current anti-dumping regulations.

However, it will be crucial that there is enough room for determining anti-dumping duties, if competition is being distorted, e. The EU now has to meet the challenge to successfully complete the amendment of anti-dumping regulations, while at the same time ensuring compatibility with WTO law. The market economy status issue might then be resolved for the time being. However, we should not forget that it was merely one piece of the puzzle of a much deeper lying problem in the economic relations between the EU and China: i.

With respect to China, the EU should call for reciprocity even more than before as an important basis for long-term stable economic relations. This means that in relations between the EU and China, the cards will be shuffled again. Readers note: An english version of the study will be available for download soon as well. The Anatomy of the U.

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Yet only three percent of total Chinese exports to the EU are affected. Chinese exports in this sector are also affected to a disproportionately high extent by AD procedures. It therefore is not surprising that the lobby against Chinese Dumping is especially strong here.

This was demonstrated as well by protests of steel workers in Brussels in November this year. Consumer prices will increase by more than 7 percent, since AD duties have to be added. This is an undesired side effect of punitive tariffs, since they are passed on in full to customers. Intermediary and finished goods thus become more expensive. For producers who rely on Chinese intermediate goods, production costs therefore increase.

Consumers in turn have to face higher prices for consumer goods. Punitive tariffs may produce yet another adverse effect: They weaken the competition between Chinese suppliers, since less competitive Chinese exporters will exit the market. Those exporters remaining in the market become increasingly stronger as a result. In some sectors, Chinese exporters even broaden their exports after the introduction of punitive tariffs, as they partly fill the gaps left by their former competitors.

Abolition of the market economy status: no surge of Chinese exports to be expected. If the market economy status should be abolished as a basis for determining anti-dumping duties against Chinese products, there could be two possible scenarios: in scenario 1, the same anti-dumping duties apply for Chinese exporters as they do for exporters who have already been granted market economy status under the current anti-dumping regulation.

In this case, those Chinese exports to the EU that until now have been affected by anti-dumping duties, would increase by one percent or USD million. That is just 0. Scenario 2 is the extreme case that dumping can no longer be identified due to the change in the legislative situation, and therefore no anti-dumping duties are charged at all. If current anti-dumping duties would not apply anymore, Chinese exports of the products concerned in the EU would increase by 29 percent.

This is equivalent to an export volume of approximately USD 4. So our study shows that even in an extreme scenario, no Chinese export surge is to be expected if China is not treated anymore on the basis of non-market economy status in future EU anti-dumping cases.

In addition, the countries granting China market economy status e. Australia have sufficient restrictive and protective mechanisms against dumping. The results of our study show that the abolition of the market economy status as proposed by the Commission could be a reasonable step to modernizing current anti-dumping regulations. However, it will be crucial that there is enough room for determining anti-dumping duties, if competition is being distorted, e.

The EU now has to meet the challenge to successfully complete the amendment of anti-dumping regulations, while at the same time ensuring compatibility with WTO law. The market economy status issue might then be resolved for the time being. However, we should not forget that it was merely one piece of the puzzle of a much deeper lying problem in the economic relations between the EU and China: i.

With respect to China, the EU should call for reciprocity even more than before as an important basis for long-term stable economic relations. This means that in relations between the EU and China, the cards will be shuffled again.

Readers note: An english version of the study will be available for download soon as well. The Anatomy of the U. Tags GED Publications. Trade and Investment. Christian Bluth, Dr. The controversial issue of Market Economy Status MES matters because it means that partners will have to treat communist-ruled China as a free market equal when it comes to settling trade disputes.

China says that when it joined the World Trade Organisation WTO in , it was promised the status by the end of , a move opposed in the nation European Union as letting Beijing off the hook over a long series of disputes ranging from steel to solar panels.

He stressed the new proposals would ensure EU companies had the same level of protection and redress against Chinese dumping and illegal subsidies as now. Earlier this week, the EU lodged a complaint at the WTO over Chinese curbs on exports of key industrial materials, prompting a sharp response from Beijing that they were entirely legal.

The European Union on Tuesday 19 July followed the United States to launch a new legal challenge at the World Trade Organization over duties and quotas China imposes on its raw materials exports. They are distinct issues. The concern is rather that prematurely according the status would give Chinese producers an even greater unfair competitive advantage.

To ensure that economic rationality — rather than political expediency — is put at the heart of the eventual decision, any MES proposal should enshrine in legislation these established market economy criteria. An unstable compromise would severely risk investment and jobs in the EU industry.

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