issmat investment 2021 oscar

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An investmentfonds wikipedia free fund also index tracker is a mutual fund or exchange-traded fund ETF designed to follow certain preset rules so that the fund can track a specified basket johann pfeiffer iforex underlying investments. Index funds may also have rules that screen for social and sustainable criteria. An index fund's rules of construction clearly identify the type of companies suitable for the fund. Additional index funds within these geographic markets may include indexes of companies that include rules based on company characteristics or factors, such as companies that are small, mid-sized, large, small value, large value, small growth, large growth, the level of gross profitability or investment capital, real estate, or indexes based on commodities and fixed-income. Companies are purchased and held within the index fund when they meet the specific index rules or parameters and are sold when they move outside of those rules or parameters. Think of an index fund as an investment utilizing rules-based investing.

Issmat investment 2021 oscar al asmawi building dubai investment park 1 postal code

Issmat investment 2021 oscar

The best hosts keep the party going long after the night comes to a close. Do just that by sending guests home with ingredients for the perfect Moscow Mules or another of your favourite drinks. Macarons paired with a clear box, custom sticker, and wrapped with a gold bow. These pretty sweets are also perfect for a bridal shower or bachelorette. Looking for more great gifts for bridesmaids? Take a look at our round-up of best bridesmaids gifts that your bridal party will definitely reuse.

Check out our post on How can I make my wedding reception fun? Nothing screams spring more than a bulb ready to bloom. Gift guests with a beautiful flower used in your wedding arch or table arrangements as a way to keep the good times rolling throughout the spring, summer, and fall. Keep it simple, and think about what you love. Does your local fudge shop sell individual boxes? Can you bulk order your favourite hot sauce or a scented candle?

Will your grandmother let you hand out her secret spice blend? Look to the season, wedding location and personal favourites for the best ideas. How much your favours cost will vary based on your budget and priorities. You can choose to DIY simple favours or splurge a bit to have them made and packaged for you. If you want to give more expensive, high-end favours, like a luxe candle or nice bottle of wine, consider giving one gift per couple.

You could also take the burden off your own shoulders and set up a fun takeaway treat station with goodie bags, like a candy bar, cookie table or doughnut wall, for guests to serve themselves and take home as they please. Find a way to package your favours in fun or on-theme way. Clear cellophane bags with monogrammed stickers or pretty brown boxes tied with colourful ribbon are always classics—but you could also ask your wedding planner to help you brainstorm out-of-the-box favour presentation and packaging ideas.

You have a few options for how and when to present your treat. A wedding favour that is sure to please the crowd is alcohol-related party favours! Engraved shakers, mini champagne bottles, personalized Moscow mule cups, mini cocktail kits are adorable, and gifts actually want! Bottle openers, wine stoppers, coasters, or wine stem charms are also personal barware favours that are sure to make a splash.

To get the party started, set out personalized shot glasses with a shot awaiting the guests! Any mini cocktail kit, liquor shooter, or mini champagne bottle favour is great because the guest can choose to indulge in during the wedding or save for the after party! The typical favour may be eaten or sit on a shelf; instead, give your guests something they can put into use in their home. What about a set of salt and pepper shakers or a cheese board that will help guests remember your love when they share a meal or entertain?

These ideas can use personalized labels for a professional look. Those things are nearly impossible to find when you need one. If you are doing your best to keep plastic out of landfills and oceans, where even the best favours may one day end up, you may want to give a more sustainable favour to your guests. Tiny potted flowers or tree saplings in biodegradable containers will allow them to keep a part of your wedding indefinitely on their property. Hemp, burlap or muslin pouches and a large container of potpourri could be another plastic-free way to memorialize your day.

Personalized blankets are a great wedding gift for your guests. Or adorn with a personalized message that symbolizes the spirit of the occasion. These are ideal for ceremonies that are held on cold days, especially if the wedding venue is outdoors. Every time your guest looks at or uses this gift, they will remember your wedding day. As you can see, wedding gifts for guests can be functional, thoughtful and express your warm sentiments. Personalized edible wedding favours could be anything to tiny mason jars to customizable cookie jars perfect for holding office or desk snacks.

There are also many DIY wedding favour options, such as a large jar of edible treats that your guests can scoop into small metal buckets to take home with them. Even if you and your spouse-to-be have only been together for a little while, you can provide guests with a gift that helps them know you as the couple you now are. Spotify Playlists to share that are special to the two of you will provide enjoyable listening, like a mixtape for your life together.

Stickers or personalized paper covers will give some style to these favours. We want to share our favourite wedding favour ideas because your wedding favours are gifts for your cherished wedding guests—the ones who came to witness the joy of your big day. Unique wedding favours will help your guests remember how unique and special your wedding was, and will be appreciated rather than ignored after the big day.

In a way, they are party favours, but how can you make your wedding favours stand out to the pack? Most of us know but too often forget the prayer: Lord helps me to change the things I can change, accept the things I cannot and give me the wisdom to know the difference. Another important understanding after a conflict situation is the making and receiving of repair attempts. In strong marriages, both individuals make an effort to repair any perceived damage to their friendship and relationship, and the other acknowledges and receives the repair attempt.

Love is in the details. Check out our post on Why is honeymoon important? Happy couples respect each other and have a generally positive view of each other. Gottman says that fondness and admiration are two of the most important elements in a satisfying and long-term relationship. Then read your lists to each other. Rather, romance lives and thrives in every day, little things. Gottman acknowledges that this might seem humdrum, but turning toward each other in these ways is the basis for connection and passion.

Happy couples have more goodwill and positivity stored in their bank accounts, so when rough times hit, their emotional savings cushion conflicts and stressors. They make decisions together and search out common ground. Let Vogue Ballroom Wedding Venue help you create the most magical day of your life. Couples need to determine which ones are which.

Sometimes, though, telling the difference can be tricky. In step 1, soften your startup, which simply means starting the conversation without criticism or contempt. I n step 3, soothe yourself and then your partner.

Then you might try closing your eyes, taking slow, deep breaths, relaxing your muscles and visualizing a calm place. In step 4, compromise. The above steps prime couples for compromise because they create positivity, Gottman says. Here, Gottman includes a valuable exercise to help couples find common ground. He suggests that each partner draw two circles: a smaller one inside a larger one.

In the smaller circle, make a list of your nonnegotiable points. In the bigger one, make a list of what you can compromise on. Share them with each other and look for common ground. Consider what you agree on, what your common goals and feelings are and how you can accomplish these goals. Happy couples believe in the importance of helping each other realize their dreams.

So the first step in overcoming gridlock is to determine the dream or dreams that are causing your conflict. The next steps include talking to each other about your dreams, taking a break since some of these talks can get stressful and making peace with the problem. Happy couples create a family culture that includes both of their dreams.

You might not consider yourself a spiritual person; however, anyone who seeks the deeper meaning of life, and not a life focused on personal pleasure, operates out of a spiritual sense. For many, this desire is expressed in a commitment to a specific faith tradition. Here one joins with others to worship God and work for the common good. Certainly, good people throughout the ages have had happy marriages, and not all of them have been religious.

But it helps to have faith principles to guide you and a faith community to encourage your commitment. Finally, healthy relationships commit to and invest in ongoing growth and learning. Neither our individual lives not our relationships are static. We are creative beings and marriages that last are constantly changing and growing, sharing goals and expectations, adjusting to circumstances, learning from experiences and other relationships, seeking out answers to challenges and allowing ourselves to become more intimate.

It could almost be said the main goal of growth is intimacy — emotional, physical and sexual. I think too often we see marriage as the goal in itself, the day of our wedding the pinnacle of success, rather than the start of the journey, the beginning of a relationship that is new and exciting but also unknown.

I believe we all have great expectations of marriage and want to be happy, but anything with big expectations requires commitment and investment, marriage no less than anything else.

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For example, some marital patterns that even professionals often take as a sign of a problem—such as having intense fights or avoiding conflict altogether—I have found can signify highly successful adjustments that will keep a couple together. Fighting, when it airs grievances and complaints, can be one of the healthiest things a couple can do for their relationship.

But I believe we grow in our relationships by reconciling our differences. To classify a marriage, in my lab at the University of Washington in Seattle, I look at the frequency of flights, the facial expressions and physiological responses such as pulse rate and amount of sweating of both partners during their confrontations, as well as what they say to each other and in what tone of voice they interact verbally.

Vogue Ballroom is your perfect wedding venue in Melbourne delivering fairytale weddings for the bride and groom. So what are those key principles that make the marriage work? I believe there are essential factors in good long term relationships:. There was the example of the hard-working couple, two careers, two young children, lovely home, every convenience, gadget and tool you could want, supportive extended family, generosity to family and friends but so very, very desperately unhappy.

What had gone wrong with the fairy tale life, they both thought they were working so hard for? In the busyness of their lives, there was hardly a moment for each other, and the moments they did have were spent arguing. Somewhere along the line, they had stopped doing what friends do. All these attributes of friendship and more are the common glue that keeps relationships working even in the tough times. We need to Like the person we live with, and Like the person, we have become, most of the time not just love them.

This second essential factor reminds me of the story of a couple who thought they had to split up because they constantly had fights. He had been one of a large happy Christian family. He said he had never seen his parents fight and that he thought good Christian marriages never had any conflict. So because he and his wife were arguing, he thought there was something very wrong, and maybe they were heading for the divorce courts. He, at least, had no model for conflict resolution from his family of origin.

For relationships to survive and strengthen it is essential to be realistic that conflict inhabits all relationships and being willing to learn how to handle it together and handle our own subsequent negative emotions, Most couples who come for counselling are struggling to resolve conflict in one form or another.

It is inevitable that there will be conflict and that without some conflict, our relationships will not flourish; they will become boring, lifeless and vulnerable. I am yet to see two people in any marriage who have the same skills, so understanding the differences and finding ways to communicate are imperative- eventually coming up with a style that works for both of us.

John Gottman, who has researched and written on marriage for many years, divides marital conflicts into two types: solvable and unresolvable. Most of us know but too often forget the prayer: Lord helps me to change the things I can change, accept the things I cannot and give me the wisdom to know the difference.

Another important understanding after a conflict situation is the making and receiving of repair attempts. In strong marriages, both individuals make an effort to repair any perceived damage to their friendship and relationship, and the other acknowledges and receives the repair attempt.

Love is in the details. Check out our post on Why is honeymoon important? Happy couples respect each other and have a generally positive view of each other. Gottman says that fondness and admiration are two of the most important elements in a satisfying and long-term relationship. Then read your lists to each other. Rather, romance lives and thrives in every day, little things.

Gottman acknowledges that this might seem humdrum, but turning toward each other in these ways is the basis for connection and passion. Happy couples have more goodwill and positivity stored in their bank accounts, so when rough times hit, their emotional savings cushion conflicts and stressors. They make decisions together and search out common ground. Let Vogue Ballroom Wedding Venue help you create the most magical day of your life.

Couples need to determine which ones are which. Sometimes, though, telling the difference can be tricky. In step 1, soften your startup, which simply means starting the conversation without criticism or contempt. I n step 3, soothe yourself and then your partner. Then you might try closing your eyes, taking slow, deep breaths, relaxing your muscles and visualizing a calm place. In step 4, compromise. Either way, decorative tea towels make lovely wedding favours, especially if you or any of your guests enjoy cooking.

Personalize the towels by having a professional calligrapher decorate them with a romantic quote that guests will want to show off in their own homes! Miniature pumpkins are adorable take-home wedding favours for any couple having a fall celebration. Once September rolls around, mini pumpkins and gourds are relatively easy to find in a variety of colours.

Plus, they double as decorative place cards! Packets of garden seeds are wedding favour ideas that keep on giving. For the most useful seeds, choose easy-to-grow plants that flourish both indoors and outdoors — some options include lemongrass, basil, chives, lavender, and mint. Hot cocoa mix is a wedding favour idea that guests of all ages will love. Package the powder and marshmallows in miniature glass bottles for an extra-cute and personalized touch.

Consider purchasing them from a local small business or making your own using scented wax and oils — stick with all-natural ingredients for the safest, allergy-friendly soaps. Whether you box them up individually or hang them on a custom wall display, doughnuts are always a crowd-pleaser. Repurpose your wedding centrepieces at the end of the night by letting your guests build their own arrangements using the flowers and greenery. Tin pails are perfect wedding favour ideas for a rustic setting, but you can also use simple glass vases for a more classic look.

Looking for the best Melbourne Wedding Decorators to help make your day as magical as possible. Vogue Ballroom, have you covered. Charm your guests with this message in a bottle, Starfish edition. It poses as the perfect invitation card for wedding couples who want to stir up the guests before the actual wedding day. Each clear glass bottle is filled with fine sand, assorted miniature seashells, and is adorned with a real starfish. Create your own message inside the glass bottle or let us do it for you.

Our custom invitation is printed on an ivory linen paper and is attached to the natural, earthy paper. Add a dash of high seas adventure to your pirates themed party or beach themed wedding with our Wood Treasure Chest Favour Box.

A fantastic gift for all of your guests, this favour can hold all sorts of little goodies, including our mini liquor-filled chocolate bottles, or other fun, beach or pirate themed gifts! The handcrafted treasure chests add a perfect amount of fun and adventure to your event and will have your guest smiling from ear to ear. An illustrated label makes a chocolate bar infinitely more sophisticated.

Dark or milk is up to you, but the bars are sure to be a hit for guests with a sweet tooth so, everyone! The best hosts keep the party going long after the night comes to a close. Do just that by sending guests home with ingredients for the perfect Moscow Mules or another of your favourite drinks. Macarons paired with a clear box, custom sticker, and wrapped with a gold bow. These pretty sweets are also perfect for a bridal shower or bachelorette. Looking for more great gifts for bridesmaids?

Take a look at our round-up of best bridesmaids gifts that your bridal party will definitely reuse. Check out our post on How can I make my wedding reception fun? Nothing screams spring more than a bulb ready to bloom. Gift guests with a beautiful flower used in your wedding arch or table arrangements as a way to keep the good times rolling throughout the spring, summer, and fall.

Keep it simple, and think about what you love. Does your local fudge shop sell individual boxes? Can you bulk order your favourite hot sauce or a scented candle? Will your grandmother let you hand out her secret spice blend? Look to the season, wedding location and personal favourites for the best ideas. How much your favours cost will vary based on your budget and priorities.

You can choose to DIY simple favours or splurge a bit to have them made and packaged for you. If you want to give more expensive, high-end favours, like a luxe candle or nice bottle of wine, consider giving one gift per couple. You could also take the burden off your own shoulders and set up a fun takeaway treat station with goodie bags, like a candy bar, cookie table or doughnut wall, for guests to serve themselves and take home as they please.

Find a way to package your favours in fun or on-theme way. Clear cellophane bags with monogrammed stickers or pretty brown boxes tied with colourful ribbon are always classics—but you could also ask your wedding planner to help you brainstorm out-of-the-box favour presentation and packaging ideas. You have a few options for how and when to present your treat.

LOGOTIPOS DE FINANZAS FOREX

Repurpose your wedding centrepieces at the end of the night by letting your guests build their own arrangements using the flowers and greenery. Tin pails are perfect wedding favour ideas for a rustic setting, but you can also use simple glass vases for a more classic look.

Looking for the best Melbourne Wedding Decorators to help make your day as magical as possible. Vogue Ballroom, have you covered. Charm your guests with this message in a bottle, Starfish edition. It poses as the perfect invitation card for wedding couples who want to stir up the guests before the actual wedding day.

Each clear glass bottle is filled with fine sand, assorted miniature seashells, and is adorned with a real starfish. Create your own message inside the glass bottle or let us do it for you. Our custom invitation is printed on an ivory linen paper and is attached to the natural, earthy paper.

Add a dash of high seas adventure to your pirates themed party or beach themed wedding with our Wood Treasure Chest Favour Box. A fantastic gift for all of your guests, this favour can hold all sorts of little goodies, including our mini liquor-filled chocolate bottles, or other fun, beach or pirate themed gifts! The handcrafted treasure chests add a perfect amount of fun and adventure to your event and will have your guest smiling from ear to ear.

An illustrated label makes a chocolate bar infinitely more sophisticated. Dark or milk is up to you, but the bars are sure to be a hit for guests with a sweet tooth so, everyone! The best hosts keep the party going long after the night comes to a close. Do just that by sending guests home with ingredients for the perfect Moscow Mules or another of your favourite drinks.

Macarons paired with a clear box, custom sticker, and wrapped with a gold bow. These pretty sweets are also perfect for a bridal shower or bachelorette. Looking for more great gifts for bridesmaids? Take a look at our round-up of best bridesmaids gifts that your bridal party will definitely reuse. Check out our post on How can I make my wedding reception fun?

Nothing screams spring more than a bulb ready to bloom. Gift guests with a beautiful flower used in your wedding arch or table arrangements as a way to keep the good times rolling throughout the spring, summer, and fall.

Keep it simple, and think about what you love. Does your local fudge shop sell individual boxes? Can you bulk order your favourite hot sauce or a scented candle? Will your grandmother let you hand out her secret spice blend? Look to the season, wedding location and personal favourites for the best ideas.

How much your favours cost will vary based on your budget and priorities. You can choose to DIY simple favours or splurge a bit to have them made and packaged for you. If you want to give more expensive, high-end favours, like a luxe candle or nice bottle of wine, consider giving one gift per couple. You could also take the burden off your own shoulders and set up a fun takeaway treat station with goodie bags, like a candy bar, cookie table or doughnut wall, for guests to serve themselves and take home as they please.

Find a way to package your favours in fun or on-theme way. Clear cellophane bags with monogrammed stickers or pretty brown boxes tied with colourful ribbon are always classics—but you could also ask your wedding planner to help you brainstorm out-of-the-box favour presentation and packaging ideas.

You have a few options for how and when to present your treat. A wedding favour that is sure to please the crowd is alcohol-related party favours! Engraved shakers, mini champagne bottles, personalized Moscow mule cups, mini cocktail kits are adorable, and gifts actually want! Bottle openers, wine stoppers, coasters, or wine stem charms are also personal barware favours that are sure to make a splash. To get the party started, set out personalized shot glasses with a shot awaiting the guests!

Any mini cocktail kit, liquor shooter, or mini champagne bottle favour is great because the guest can choose to indulge in during the wedding or save for the after party! The typical favour may be eaten or sit on a shelf; instead, give your guests something they can put into use in their home. What about a set of salt and pepper shakers or a cheese board that will help guests remember your love when they share a meal or entertain?

These ideas can use personalized labels for a professional look. Those things are nearly impossible to find when you need one. If you are doing your best to keep plastic out of landfills and oceans, where even the best favours may one day end up, you may want to give a more sustainable favour to your guests.

Tiny potted flowers or tree saplings in biodegradable containers will allow them to keep a part of your wedding indefinitely on their property. We measured choline in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex of 9 males with fragile X syndrome and 9 age-matched typically developing controls using 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

In controls, both left and right choline was significantly positively correlated with intelligence and age was significantly negatively correlated with left choline. There were no correlations in the fragile X group. Subjects with fragile X syndrome participating in a pilot open-label trial of donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, demonstrated significantly improved cognitive-behavioral function. Studies utilizing biochemical neuroimaging techniques such as these have the potential to significantly impact the design of treatment strategies for fragile X syndrome and other genetic disorders by helping identify neurochemical targets for intervention as well as serving as metrics for treatment efficacy.

Identifying nursing interventions associated with the accuracy used nursing diagnoses for patients with liver cirrhosis 1. Method: this is a descriptive, quantitative, cross-sectional study. Conclusion: in general, nurses often perform nursing interventions suggested in the NIC for the seven highly accurate nursing diagnoses identified in this study to care patients with liver cirrhosis. Accurate and valid nursing diagnoses guide the selection of appropriate interventions that nurses can perform to enhance patient safety and thus improve patient health outcomes.

National variety trials identify clones with high potential. Quality potato varieties are the backbone of a strong potato industry. Variety trials have been used to identify promising new varieties for well over a century. Trials are repeated and information collected over many years in order to confidently identify lines that may be well suited for productio Obesity has been characterized as a disease.

Strategies to change the incidence and prevalence of this disease include a focus on changing physical and social environments, over and above individual-level strategies, using a multilevel or systems approach. We focus our attention on evidence published between and on the effectiveness of interventions in nutrition environments, i. An overarching socioecological framework that has guided much of this research was used to characterize different types of environmental strategies.

Intervention examples in each area of the framework are provided with a discussion of key findings and related conceptual and methodological issues. The emphasis in this review is on adults, but clearly this literature is only one part of the picture. Much research has been focused on child-specific interventions , including environmental interventions. Some evidence suggests effectiveness of policy-based or other types of interventions that aim to regulate or restructure environments to promote healthy dietary choices, and these strategies would apply to both children and adults.

Much of the existing research has been with children. As conceptual and methodological issues continue to be identified and resolved, we hope that future research in this domain will identify environmental strategies that can be included in intervention toolboxes to build healthy nutrition environments for both adults and children. Identifying the effects of environmental and policy change interventions on healthy eating.

Opportunities to evaluate these policy changes in adults' social and physical environments are rare. Field potential soil variability index to identify precision agriculture opportunity. Precision agriculture PA technologies used for identifying and managing within-field variability are not widely used despite decades of advancement.

Technological innovations in agronomic tools, such as canopy reflectance or electrical conductivity sensors, have created opportunities to achieve a Extraction of nucleic acids from low biomass samples, such as drinking water, is particularly sensitive to potential background contamination because the contaminating material is minimally diluted by the sample. The inherent allergens of citrus fruits, such as Cit s 1, Cit s 2, Cit s 3 can cause allergic reactions. A better understanding of the genetic factors cultivar to cultivar affecting the allergenic potential of citrus fruits would be beneficial for further identification of hypoallergenic genotypes.

In the present study, an immunoblotting quantification approach was adopted to assess the potential allergenicity of 21 citrus cultivars, including nine subgroups tangerine, satsuma, orange, pummelo, grapefruit, lemon, kumquat, tangor, and tangelo. To prepare highly sensitive and specific rabbit polyclonal antibodies, antigenicity of purified rCit s 1. The data integration of three citrus allergen quantifications demonstrated that the four pummelo cultivars Kao Phuang Pummelo, Wanbai Pummelo, Shatian Pummelo, and Guanxi Pummelo were potential hypoallergenic, compared with other 8 subgroups.

Moreover, the immunological analyses with sera of allergic subjects revealed that Shatian Pummelo and Guanxi Pummelo showed the lowest immunoreactivity in 8 representative citrus cultivars. These potential hypoallergenic genotypes are of great significance to not only allergic consumers but also citrus breeders in the genetic improvement of hypoallergenic citrus as breeding resources. Geospatial analysis identifies critical mineral-resource potential in Alaska. The U. It is unknown what properties would be required to make an intervention in low income countries that can eradicate or control human immunodeficiency virus HIV without antiretroviral therapy ART cost-effective.

Interventions aimed at curing HIV infection have the potential to improve overall disease burden and to reduce costs. Given the effectiveness and cost of ART, such interventions would have to be inexpensive and highly effective. This brief is part of a series that explores key implementation considerations. It focuses on the importance of identifying , operationalizing, and implementing the "core components" of evidence-based and evidence-informed interventions that likely are critical to producing positive outcomes.

The brief offers a definition of "core components",…. Indoor air pollution has been causally linked to acute lower respiratory infections in children younger than 5. The aim of this study was to identify target behaviors for a behavioral intervention to reduce child exposure to indoor air pollution by attempting to answer two research questions: Which behaviors are protective of child respiratory….

Identifying improvement potentials in cement production with life cycle assessment. In this study, life cycle assessment is used to evaluate improvement potentials in the cement production process in Europe and the USA. Upgrading production technology would be particularly effective in the USA where many kiln systems with very low energy efficiency are still in operation.

Since clinker production is the dominant pollution producing step in cement production, the substitution of clinker with mineral components such as ground granulated blast furnace slag or fly ash is an efficient measure to reduce the environmental impact. Blended cements exhibit substantially lower environmental footprints than Portland cement, even if the substitutes feature lower grindability and require additional drying and large transport distances.

The highest savings in CO 2 emissions and resource consumption are achieved with a combination of measures in clinker production and cement blending. Potential of isotope analysis C, Cl to identify dechlorination mechanisms. Chloroethenes are commonly used in industrial applications, and detected as carcinogenic contaminants in the environment.

Their dehalogenation is of environmental importance in remediation processes. However, a detailed understanding frequently accounted problem is the accumulation of toxic degradation products such as cis-dichloroethylene cis-DCE at contaminated sites. Several studies have addressed the reductive dehalogenation reactions using biotic and abiotic model systems, but a crucial question in this context has remained open: Do environmental transformations occur by the same mechanism as in their corresponding in vitro model systems?

The presented study shows the potential to close this research gap using the latest developments in compound specific chlorine isotope analysis, which make it possible to routinely measure chlorine isotope fractionation of chloroethenes in environmental samples and complex reaction mixtures. When isotope values of both elements are plotted against each other, different slopes reflect different underlying mechanisms and are remarkably insensitive towards masking. Our results suggest that different microbial strains G.

In contrast, evidence for a different mechanism was obtained with cobaloxime cautioning its use as a model for biodegradation. The study shows the potential of the dual isotope approach as a tool to directly compare transformation mechanisms of environmental scenarios, biotic transformations, and their putative chemical lab scale systems. Furthermore, it serves as an essential reference when using the dual isotope approach to assess the fate of chlorinated compounds in the environment.

The focus of this study is to add to the outcome research on effective school counseling interventions and to specifically evaluate the effectiveness of the Student Success Skills SSS small group intervention with students identified as having drop out potential in the 9th grade. This study analyzed two years of pre-existing, non-identifiable…. Identifying configurations of behavior change techniques in effective medication adherence interventions : a qualitative comparative analysis.

Interventions to improve medication adherence are diverse and complex. Consequently, synthesizing this evidence is challenging. We aimed to extend the results from an existing systematic review of interventions to improve medication adherence by using qualitative comparative analysis QCA to identify necessary or sufficient configurations of behavior change techniques among effective interventions.

We used data from 60 studies in a completed systematic review to examine the combinations of nine behavior change techniques increasing knowledge, increasing awareness, changing attitude, increasing self-efficacy, increasing intention formation, increasing action control, facilitation, increasing maintenance support, and motivational interviewing among studies demonstrating improvements in adherence.

Among the 60 studies, 34 demonstrated improved medication adherence. Among effective studies, increasing patient knowledge was a necessary but not sufficient technique. This analysis extends the completed review findings by identifying multiple combinations of behavior change techniques that improve adherence. Our findings offer direction for policy makers, practitioners, and future comparative effectiveness research on improving adherence.

The cost thresholds identified suggest that there is clear scope for adherence monitoring-based interventions to provide net population health gain, with potential cost-effective use in situations where viral load monitoring is or is not available. Our results guide the implementation of future adherence monitoring interventions found in randomized trials to have health benefit. Conclusion The cost thresholds identified suggest that there is clear scope for adherence monitoring-based interventions to provide net population health gain, with potential cost-effective use in situations where viral load monitoring is or is not available.

Although care coordination is a popular intervention , there is no standard method of delivery. Also little is known about who most benefits or characteristics that predict the amount of care coordination needed, especially with chronically ill older adults. The purpose of this study was to identify types and amount of nurse care coordination interventions provided to chronically ill older adults who participated in a month home care medication management program in the Midwestern.

This accounted for Four of 11 nursing interventions focused on medication management were provided to all participants. Wide variations were observed in time provided with in-person home care and communications with multiple stakeholders. Study findings indicate the importance of individualizing interventions and the variability in the amount of nursing time needed to provide care coordination to chronically ill older adults. Mindfulness-based meditation interventions have become increasingly popular in contemporary psychology.

Other closely related meditation practices include loving-kindness meditation LKM and compassion meditation CM , exercises oriented toward enhancing unconditional, positive emotional states of kindness and compassion. This article provides a review of the background, the techniques, and the empirical contemporary literature of LKM and CM. The literature suggests that LKM and CM are associated with an increase in positive affect and a decrease in negative affect.

Preliminary findings from neuroendocrine studies indicate that CM may reduce stress-induced subjective distress and immune response. Neuroimaging studies suggest that LKM and CM may enhance activation of brain areas that are involved in emotional processing and empathy.

Finally, preliminary intervention studies support application of these strategies in clinical populations. It is concluded that, when combined with empirically supported treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, LKM and CM may provide potentially useful strategies for targeting a variety of different psychological problems that involve interpersonal processes, such as social anxiety, marital conflict, anger, and coping with the strains of long-term caregiving.

Few questionnaires have been developed to screen for potentially poor implementers of school-based interventions. Advancing the literature on designing audit and feedback interventions : identifying theory-informed hypotheses. The resulting hypotheses were assigned by three coders working independently into themes, and categories of themes, in an iterative process. We conducted 28 interviews and identified theory-informed hypotheses, which were placed into 30 themes.

Female- identified transgender youth FIT youth have a male birth sex but identify as female, placing them outside of socially acceptable standards and increasing the challenges of adolescence. They face numerous potential sources of stress and have a higher likelihood of experiencing negative mental health outcomes due to lack of support, lack of…. Obesity educational interventions in U.

Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death in the United States. However, physicians feel poorly trained to address the obesity epidemic. This article examines effective training methods for overweight and obesity intervention in undergraduate medical education. References from articles identified were also reviewed to located additional articles. We included all studies that incorporated process or outcome evaluations of obesity educational interventions for U.

Of an initial citations, 40 abstracts were retrieved; 11 studies were found to be pertinent to medical student obesity education, but only 5 included intervention and evaluation elements. Quality criteria for inclusion consisted of explicit evaluation of the educational methods used.

Data extraction identified participants e. These 5 studies successfully used a variety of teaching methods including hands on training, didactic lectures, role-playing, and standardized patient interaction to increase medical students' knowledge, attitudes, and skills regarding overweight and obesity intervention. Two studies addressed medical student bias toward overweight and obese patients.

No studies addressed health disparities in the epidemiology and bias of obesity. Despite the commonly cited "obesity epidemic," there are very few published studies that report the effectiveness of medical school obesity educational programs. Gaps still exist within undergraduate medical education including specific training that addresses obesity and long-term studies showing that such training is retained. Prevention of sport injuries is crucial to maximise the health and societal benefits of a physically active lifestyle.

To strengthen the translation and implementation of the available evidence base on effective preventive measures, a range of potentially relevant strategies should be considered. Our aim was to identify and categorise intervention strategies for the prevention of acute sport injuries evaluated in the scientific literature, applying the Haddon matrix, and identify potential knowledge gaps.

Valuable insight into the extent of the evidence base of sport injury prevention studies was obtained for 20 potential intervention strategies. This approach can be used to monitor potential gaps in the knowledge base on sport injury prevention. The purpose of this paper was to summarize current findings on community gardens relevant to three specific areas of interest as follows: 1 health benefits, 2 garden interventions in developing versus developed countries, and 3 the concerns and risks of community gardening.

Community gardens are a reemerging phenomenon in many low- and high-income urban neighborhoods to address the common risk factors of modern lifestyle. Community gardens are not limited to developed countries. They also exist in developing low-income countries but usually serve a different purpose of food security. Despite their benefits, community gardens can become a source of environmental toxicants from the soil of mostly empty lands that might have been contaminated by toxicants in the past.

Therefore, caution should be taken about gardening practices and the types of foods to be grown on such soil if there was evidence of contamination. We present community gardens as additional solutions to the epidemic of chronic diseases in low-income urban communities and how it can have a positive physical, mental and social impact among participants.

On balance, the benefits of engaging in community gardens are likely to outweigh the potential risk that can be remedied. Quantitative population studies are needed to provide evidence of the benefits and health impacts versus potential harms from community gardens. Intestinal dysbiosis is thought to be an important cause of disease progression and the gastrointestinal symptoms experienced in patients with inflammatory bowel disease IBD.

Inflammation appears to be a major contributor in perpetuating a dysregulated gut microbiota. Although current drug therapies can significantly induce and maintain disease remission, there is no cure for these diseases. Nevertheless, ongoing human studies investigating dietary fibre interventions may potentially prove to exert beneficial outcomes for IBD.

Postulated mechanisms include direct interactions with the gut mucosa through immunomodulation, or indirectly through the microbiome. Component species of the microbiome may degrade dietary-fibre polysaccharides and ferment the products to form short-chain fatty acids such as butyrate. Prebiotic dietary fibres may also act more directly by altering the composition of the microbiome.

Longer term benefits in reducing the risk of more aggressive disease or colorectal cancer may require other dietary fibre sources such as wheat bran or psyllium. By critically examining clinical trials that have used dietary fibre supplements or dietary patterns containing specific types or amounts of dietary fibres, it may be possible to assess whether varying the intake of specific dietary fibres may offer an efficient treatment for IBD patients.

Cachexia and sarcopenia: mechanisms and potential targets for intervention. Cachexia is a multi-organ syndrome associated with cancer and other chronic diseases, characterized by body weight loss, muscle and adipose tissue wasting and inflammation, being often associated with anorexia.

Sarcopenia is a degenerative loss of skeletal muscle mass, quality, and strength associated with healthy ageing. The molecular mechanisms behind cachexia and sarcopenia share some common trends. Muscle wasting is the result of a combination of an imbalance between synthetic and degradative protein pathways together with increased myocyte apoptosis and decreased regenerative capacity.

Oxidative pathways are also altered in skeletal muscle during muscle wasting and this seems to be a consequence of mitochondrial abnormalities that include altered morphology and function, decreased ATP synthesis and uncoupling. The aim of the present review is to analyse common molecular pathways between cachexia and sarcopenia in order to put forward potential targets for intervention.

Identifying effective intervention components for smoking cessation: a factorial screening experiment. To identify promising intervention components intended to help smokers to attain and maintain abstinence in their quit smoking attempts. A fully crossed, six-factor randomized fractional factorial experiment. Eleven primary care clinics in southern Wisconsin, USA. Six intervention components designed to prepare smokers to quit, and achieve and maintain abstinence i.

Metabolomic profiling to identify potential serum biomarkers for schizophrenia and risperidone action. Despite recent advances in understanding the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and the mechanisms of antipsychotic drug action, the development of biomarkers for diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring in schizophrenia remains challenging. Metabolomics provides a powerful approach to discover diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers by analyzing global changes in an individual's metabolic profile in response to pathophysiological stimuli or drug intervention.

In this study, we performed gas chromatography-mass spectrometry based metabolomic profiling in serum of unmedicated schizophrenic patients before and after an 8-week risperidone monotherapy, to detect potential biomarkers associated with schizophrenia and risperidone treatment. Twenty-two marker metabolites contributing to the complete separation of schizophrenic patients from matched healthy controls were identified , with citrate, palmitic acid, myo-inositol, and allantoin exhibiting the best combined classification performance.

Twenty marker metabolites contributing to the complete separation between posttreatment and pretreatment patients were identified , with myo-inositol, uric acid, and tryptophan showing the maximum combined classification performance. Metabolic pathways including energy metabolism, antioxidant defense systems, neurotransmitter metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis, and phospholipid metabolism were found to be disturbed in schizophrenic patients and partially normalized following risperidone therapy.

Further study of these metabolites may facilitate the development of noninvasive biomarkers and more efficient therapeutic strategies for schizophrenia. Rehabilitation technologies and interventions for individuals with spinal cord injury: translational potential of current trends. In the past, neurorehabilitation for individuals with neurological damage, such as spinal cord injury SCI , was focused on learning compensatory movements to regain function.

Presently, the focus of neurorehabilitation has shifted to functional neurorecovery, or the restoration of function through repetitive movement training of the affected limbs. Technologies, such as robotic devices and electrical stimulation, are being developed to facilitate repetitive motor training; however, their implementation into mainstream clinical practice has not been realized.

In this commentary, we examined how current SCI rehabilitation research aligns with the potential for clinical implementation. We completed an environmental scan of studies in progress that investigate a physical intervention promoting functional neurorecovery.

We identified emerging interventions among the SCI population, and evaluated the strengths and gaps of the current direction of SCI rehabilitation research. Seventy-three study postings were retrieved through website and database searching. Study objectives, outcome measures, participant characteristics and the mode s of intervention being studied were extracted from the postings. The FAME Feasibility, Appropriateness, Meaningfulness, Effectiveness, Economic Evidence Framework was used to evaluate the strengths and gaps of the research with respect to likelihood of clinical implementation.

Strengths included aspects of Feasibility, as the research was practical, aspects of Appropriateness as the research aligned with current scientific literature on motor learning, and Effectiveness, as all trials aimed to evaluate the effect of an intervention on a clinical outcome.

Aspects of Feasibility were also identified as a gap; with two thirds of the studies examining emerging technologies, the likelihood of successful clinical implementation was questionable. As the interventions being studied may not align with the preferences of clinicians and priorities. Evaluation of early weight loss thresholds for identifying nonresponders to an intensive lifestyle intervention. Weight losses in lifestyle interventions are variable, yet prediction of long-term success is difficult.

The utility of using various weight loss thresholds in the first 2 months of treatment for predicting 1-year outcomes was examined. Participants included adults with type 2 diabetes BMI ILI included weekly behavioral sessions designed to increase physical activity and reduce caloric intake.

These odds were increased to Only Given the association between initial and 1-year weight loss, the first few months of treatment may be an opportune time to identify those who are unsuccessful and utilize rescue efforts.

When visual impairments VI and learning disabilities LD coexist, it is common for one i. Some school districts may be reluctant to identify students with both VI and LD, potentially causing students to miss out on much-needed services. Child study teams can find support to address this dual diagnosis using…. Identifying interventions to help rural Kenyan mothers cope with food insecurity: results of a focused ethnographic study.

An ethnographic study was conducted in two areas in southern and western Kenya to identify potential interventions to improve the quality, availability and affordability of foods consumed by infants and young children. A cultural-ecological model of determinants of nutrition identified the sectors of information for data collection related to infant and young child IYC diet and feeding-related behaviours, and the focused ethnographic study manual was used to guide the research.

The results provide qualitative evidence about facilitators and constraints to IYC nutrition in the two geographical areas and document their inter-connections. We conclude with suggestions to consider 13 potential nutrition-sensitive interventions. The studies provide empirical ethnographic support for arguments concerning the importance of combining nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive interventions through a multi-sectoral, integrated approach to improve the nutrition of infants and young children in low-income, resource-constrained populations.

They also document the value of ethnography as a component of landscape analysis in nutrition programme and policy planning. Key messages In addition to constraints on infant and young child diet that originate in environmental and technological conditions in both agro-ecological zones, other factors that affect feeding practices include features of social organisation, household access to social support, caregivers income-earning activities and their own health.

The results of the ethnographies, which highlight the importance of obtaining the knowledge and perspectives of caregivers of infants and young children, reveal the interactions of the multiple factors that affect child nutrition and the need for simultaneous nutrition-sensitive interventions to complement nutrition-specific intervention actions. Most caregivers in both areas not only understood the importance of diet and food quality for child survival, they also regarded it as.

Nutritional programming of coenzyme Q: potential for prevention and intervention? Low birth weight and rapid postnatal growth increases risk of cardiovascular-disease CVD ; however, underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Previously, we demonstrated that rats exposed to a low-protein diet in utero that underwent postnatal catch-up growth recuperated have a programmed deficit in cardiac coenzyme Q CoQ that was associated with accelerated cardiac aging.

It is unknown whether this deficit occurs in all tissues, including those that are clinically accessible. We investigated whether aortic and white blood cell WBC CoQ is programmed by suboptimal early nutrition and whether postweaning dietary supplementation with CoQ could prevent programmed accelerated aging. We conclude that early intervention with CoQ in at-risk individuals may be a cost-effective and safe way of reducing the global burden of CVDs.

Hot spot analysis applied to identify ecosystem services potential in Lithuania. Hot spot analysis are very useful to identify areas with similar characteristics. This is important for a sustainable use of the territory, since we can identify areas that need to be protected, or restored.

This is a great advantage in terms of land use planning and management, since we can allocate resources, reduce the economical costs and do a better intervention in the landscape. Ecosystem services ES are different according land use. Since landscape is very heterogeneous, it is of major importance understand their spatial pattern and where are located the areas that provide better ES and the others that provide less services.

The objective of this work is to use hot-spot analysis to identify areas with the most valuable ES in Lithuania. This classification uses a grid of m resolution and extracted a total of 31 land use types. ES ranking was carried out based on expert knowledge.

They were asked to evaluate the ES potential of each different CLC from 0 no potential to 5 very high potential. Hot spot analysis were evaluated using the Getis-ord test, which identifies cluster analysis available in ArcGIS toolbox. This tool identifies areas with significantly high low values and significant high values at a p level of 0. In this work we used hot spot analysis to assess the distribution of providing, regulating cultural and total sum of the previous 3 ES.

The Z value calculated from Getis-ord was used to statistical analysis to access the clusters of providing, regulating cultural and total ES. ES with high Z value show that they have a high number of cluster areas with high potential of ES. A classification tree model. Objectives To identify HIV-socioeconomic predictors as well as the most-at-risk groups of women in Malawi. Design A cross-sectional survey. Women who are no longer in union and living in the highest wealth quintiles households constitute the most-at-risk group, whereas the less-at-risk group includes young women 15—24 never married or in union and living in rural areas.

Conclusions In the light of these findings, this study recommends: 1 that the design and implementation of targeted interventions should consider the magnitude of HIV prevalence and demographic size of most-at-risk groups. Simple Summary While the overall trend in euthanasia has been decreasing nationally, large dogs are at a higher risk of euthanasia than other-sized dogs in most animal shelters in the United States.

We hypothesized that one way to increase the lives saved with regard to large dogs in shelters is to keep them home in the first place when possible. We found that targets for interventions to decrease large dog relinquishment are likely different in each community. Abstract While the overall trend in euthanasia has been decreasing nationally, large dogs are at a higher risk of euthanasia than other sized dogs in most animal shelters in the United States.

We hypothesized one way to increase the lives saved with respect to these large dogs is to keep them home when possible. In order to develop solutions to decrease relinquishment, a survey was developed to learn more about the reasons owners relinquish large dogs. The survey was administered to owners relinquishing their dogs at two large municipal facilities, one in New York City and one in Washington, D.

There were responses between the two facilities. We found both significant similarities and differences between respondents and their dogs from the two cities. We identified opportunities to potentially support future relinquishers and found that targets for interventions are likely different in each community. Identifying eating behavior phenotypes and their correlates: a novel direction toward improving weight management interventions. Common reports of over-response to food cues, difficulties with calorie restriction, and difficulty adhering to dietary guidelines suggest that eating behaviors could be interrelated in ways that influence weight management efforts.

The feasibility of identifying robust eating phenotypes showing face, content, and criterion validity was explored based on well-validated individual eating behavior assessments. Discovery-based visualization procedures that have the combined strengths of heatmaps and hierarchical clustering were used to investigate: 1 how eating behaviors cluster, 2 how participants can be grouped within eating behavior clusters, and 3 whether group clustering is associated with body mass index BMI and dietary self-efficacy levels.

Two distinct eating behavior clusters and participant groups that aligned within these clusters were identified : one with higher drive to eat and another with food avoidance behaviors. These efforts could be expanded and ultimately inform tailored weight management interventions. Identifying eating behavior phenotypes and their correlates: A novel direction toward improving weight management interventions. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Assessing college students' attitudes toward responsible drinking messages to identify promising binge drinking intervention strategies. Health communication appeals were utilized through a Web site simulation to evaluate the potential effectiveness of 3 intervention approaches to promote responsible drinking among college students.

Within the Web site simulation, participants were exposed to a persuasive message designed to represent either the generalized social norms advertising approach based on others' behavior , the personalized behavioral feedback approach tailored to the individual's behavior , or the schema-based approach tailored to the individual's self-schema, or personality.

A control group was exposed to a message that was designed to be neutral it was designed to discourage heavy drinking, but it did not represent any of the previously mentioned approaches. It was hypothesized that the more personalized the message was to the individual, the more favorable college students' attitudes would be toward the responsible drinking message.

Participants receiving the more personalized messages did report more favorable attitudes toward the responsible drinking message. Identifying postpartum intervention approaches to reduce cardiometabolic risk among American Indian women with prior gestational diabetes, Oklahoma, Innovative approaches are needed to reduce cardiometabolic risk among American Indian women with a history of gestational diabetes.

We assessed beliefs of Oklahoma American Indian women about preventing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease after having gestational diabetes. We also assessed barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle changes postpartum and intervention approaches that facilitate participation in a postpartum lifestyle program.

In partnership with a tribal health system, we conducted a mixed-method study with American Indian women aged 19 to 45 years who had prior gestational diabetes, using questionnaires, focus groups, and individual interviews. Questionnaires were used to identify women's cardiometabolic risk perceptions and feasibility and acceptability of Internet or mobile phone technology for delivery of a postpartum lifestyle modification program. Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted to identify key perspectives and preferences related to a potential program.

Participants were 26 women, all of whom completed surveys; 11 women participated in focus group sessions, and 15 participated in individual interviews. Most women believed they would inevitably develop diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or both; however, they were optimistic that they could delay onset with lifestyle change. Most women expressed enthusiasm for a family focused, technology-based intervention that emphasizes the importance of delaying disease onset, provides motivation, and promotes accountability while accommodating women's competing priorities.

Our findings suggest that an intervention that uses the Internet, text messaging, or both and that emphasizes the benefits of delaying disease onset should be tested as a novel, culturally relevant approach to reducing rates of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this high-risk population. Peercy, Michael; Woods, J.

Cedric; Parker, Stephany P. Introduction Innovative approaches are needed to reduce cardiometabolic risk among American Indian women with a history of gestational diabetes. Methods In partnership with a tribal health system, we conducted a mixed-method study with American Indian women aged 19 to 45 years who had prior gestational diabetes, using questionnaires, focus groups, and individual interviews.

Results Participants were 26 women, all of whom completed surveys; 11 women participated in focus group sessions, and 15 participated in individual interviews. Conclusions Our findings suggest that an intervention that uses the Internet, text messaging, or both and that emphasizes the benefits of delaying disease onset should be tested as a novel, culturally relevant approach to reducing rates of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this high-risk population.

Parenting and family interventions have repeatedly shown effectiveness in preventing and treating a range of youth outcomes. Accordingly, investigators in this area have conducted a number of studies using statistical mediation to examine some of the potential mechanisms of action by which these interventions work. This review examined from a methodological perspective in what ways and how well the family-based intervention studies tested statistical mediation.

A systematic search identified 73 published outcome studies that tested mediation for family-based interventions across a wide range of child and adolescent outcomes i. Taken as a whole, the studies used designs that adequately addressed temporal precedence. The majority of studies used the product of coefficients approach to mediation, which is preferred, and less limiting than the causal steps approach.

Statistical significance testing did not always make use of the most recently developed approaches, which would better accommodate small sample sizes and more complex functions. Specific recommendations are offered for future mediation studies in this area with respect to full longitudinal design, mediation approach, significance testing method, documentation and reporting of statistics, testing of multiple mediators, and control for Type I error.

Identifying complications of interventional procedures from UK routine healthcare databases: a systematic search for methods using clinical codes. Several authors have developed and applied methods to routine data sets to identify the nature and rate of complications following interventional procedures. But, to date, there has been no systematic search for such methods. The objective of this article was to find, classify and appraise published methods, based on analysis of clinical codes, which used routine healthcare databases in a United Kingdom setting to identify complications resulting from interventional procedures.

A literature search strategy was developed to identify published studies that referred, in the title or abstract, to the name or acronym of a known routine healthcare database and to complications from procedures or devices. Of the eligible papers, those which reported methods using clinical coding were classified and summarised in tabular form using the following headings: routine healthcare database; medical speciality; method for identifying complications; length of follow-up; method of recording comorbidity.

The benefits and limitations of each approach were assessed. From papers identified from the literature search, 44 reported the use of clinical codes to identify complications, from which four distinct methods were identified : 1 searching the index admission for specified clinical codes, 2 searching a sequence of admissions for specified clinical codes, 3 searching for specified clinical codes for complications from procedures and devices within the International Classification of Diseases 10th revision ICD coding scheme which is the methodology recommended by NHS Classification Service, and 4 conducting manual clinical.

Assessing urban potential flooding risk and identifying effective risk-reduction measures. Flood protection is one of the traditional functions of any drainage system, and it remains a major issue in many cities because of economic and health impact. Heavy rain flooding has been well studied and existing simulation software can be used to predict and improve level of protection.

However, simulating minor flooding remains highly complex, due to the numerous possible causes related to operational deficiencies or negligent behaviour. According to the literature, causes of blockages vary widely from one case to another: it is impossible to provide utility managers with effective recommendations on how to improve the level of protection. It is therefore vital to analyse each context in order to define an appropriate strategy.

Here we propose a method to represent and assess the flooding risk, using GIS and data gathered during operation and maintenance. Our method also identifies potential management responses. The approach proposed aims to provide decision makers with clear and comprehensible information.

Our method has been successfully applied to the Urban Community of Bordeaux France on interventions related to flooding recorded during the period. Results have shown the relative importance of different issues, such as human behaviour grease, etc. This study also confirms that blockages are not always directly due to the network itself and its deterioration. Many causes depend on environmental and operating conditions on the network and often require collaboration between municipal departments in charge of roads, green spaces, etc.

The aim of this dissertation is to identify effective educational interventions in Sub-Saharan African with an impact on student learning. This is the first meta-analysis in the field of education conducted for Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper takes an in-depth look at twelve different types of education interventions or programs and attempts to not…. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the feasibility of a classroom management course as a public health intervention.

Improved socio-emotional skills may boost children's developmental and academic trajectory, while the costs of behaviour problems are enormous for schools with considerable impact on others' well-being. Childhood obesity has become a problem of epidemic proportions in the United States, but much of the research has focused on prevention and intervention programs, which target the general population of school children. Overlooked in the literature are children with special needs including autism, genetic disorders, Down syndrome, and Prader-Willi….

Identifying HIV most-at-risk groups in Malawi for targeted interventions. To identify HIV-socioeconomic predictors as well as the most-at-risk groups of women in Malawi. A cross-sectional survey. Malawi The study used a sample of women aged years from the Malawi Health and Demographic Surveys. Individual HIV status: positive or not. Women who are no longer in union and living in the highest wealth quintiles households constitute the most-at-risk group, whereas the less-at-risk group includes young women never married or in union and living in rural areas.

In the light of these findings, this study recommends: 1 that the design and implementation of targeted interventions should consider the magnitude of HIV prevalence and demographic size of most-at-risk groups. World Health Organization WHO estimates that five hundred thousand mothers and about three million newborns die each year in middle and low income countries.

To stimulate interest in utilisation CBHIS for research and interventions , with an illustration of potential using on Motivational Interviewing intervention. Literature searched electronically, discussion with behavioural experts, health system researchers, and maternal and Newborn Health MNH experts, and book reviews. A checklist for relevance was used to identify the relevant behaviour change intervention to use in the illustration. A method that met the criteria was identified , and based on a discussion with behavioural experts, the decision to use it the illustration was reached.

Motivational Interviewing Intervention MII should be considered for implementation and study on near-term Pregnant women in a setting where these mothers can be identified and a targeted intervention instituted. Using a behaviour change techniques taxonomy to identify active ingredients within trials of implementation interventions for diabetes care. Methodological guidelines for intervention reporting emphasise describing intervention content in detail.

Despite this, systematic reviews of quality improvement QI implementation interventions continue to be limited by a lack of clarity and detail regarding the intervention content being evaluated. We aimed to apply the recently developed Behaviour Change Techniques Taxonomy version 1 BCTTv1 to trials of implementation interventions for managing diabetes to assess the capacity and utility of this taxonomy for characterising active ingredients.

We supplemented the generic coding instructions within the BCTTv1 with decision rules and examples from this literature. The BCTTv1 mapped well onto implementation interventions directly targeting clinicians and patients and could also be used to examine the impact of system-level interventions on clinician and patient behaviour. The BCTTv1 can be used to characterise. Identifying changes in gait waveforms following a strengthening intervention for women with knee osteoarthritis using principal components analysis.

Lower limb strengthening exercise is pivotal for the management of symptoms related to knee osteoarthritis OA. Though improvement in clinical symptoms is well documented, concurrent changes in gait biomechanics are ill-defined. This may occur because discrete analyses miss changes following an intervention , analyses limited to the knee undermine potential mechanical trade-offs at other joints, or strengthening interventions not been designed based on biomechanical principles.

The purpose of this study was to characterize differences in entire gait waveforms for sagittal plane ankle, knee, and hip angles and external moments; the knee adduction moment; and frontal plane hip angle and moment following weeks of a previously designed novel lower limb strengthening program.

Forty women with knee OA completed two laboratory visits: one at baseline and one immediately following intervention follow-up. Self-report measures, strength, and gait analyses were completed at each visit. Principal components analyses were completed for sagittal angles and external moments at the ankle, knee, and hip joints, as well as frontal plane angle and moment for the hip. Two significant, yet subtle differences in principal components were identified between baseline and follow-up waveforms p Identifying Potentially Preventable Emergency Department Visits by Nursing Home Residents in the United States.

To identify and describe potentially preventable emergency department ED visits by nursing home NH residents in the United States. These visits are important because they are common, frequently lead to hospitalization, and can be associated with significant cost to the patient and the health care system.

Retrospective analysis of the National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey NHAMCS , comparing ED visits by nursing home residents that did not lead to hospital admission potentially preventable with those that led to admission less likely preventable.

Nationally representative sample of US EDs; federal hospitals and hospitals with fewer than 6 beds were excluded. Patient demographics, ED visit information including testing performed, interventions both procedures and medications provided, and diagnoses treated. Older NH residents accounted for of , ED visits during the time period of interest 1. When weighted to be nationally representative, these represent More than half of visits Injuries were 1.

CCR researchers have identified the mechanism behind a rare but extremely aggressive childhood cancer called alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma ARMS and have pinpointed a potential drug target for its treatment. Learn more Using a watershed-centric approach to identify potentially impacted beaches. Beaches can be affected by a variety of contaminants. Of particular concern are beaches impacted by human fecal contamination and urban runoff.

This poster demonstrates a methodology to identify potentially impacted beaches using Geographic Information Systems GIS. Since h The mapping and analysis of supply chains is a technique increasingly used to address problems in the food system. Yet such supply chain management has not yet been applied as a means of encouraging healthier diets. Moreover, most policies recommended to promote healthy eating focus on the consumer end of the chain. This article proposes a consumption-oriented food supply chain analysis to identify the changes needed in the food supply chain to create a healthier food environment, measured in terms of food availability, prices, and marketing.

Along with established forms of supply chain analysis, the method is informed by a historical overview of how food supply chains have changed over time. The method posits that the actors and actions in the chain are affected by organizational, financial, technological, and policy incentives and disincentives, which can in turn be levered for change. It presents a preliminary example of the supply of Coca-Cola beverages into school vending machines and identifies further potential applications.

These include fruit and vegetable supply chains, local food chains, supply chains for health-promoting versions of food products, and identifying financial incentives in supply chains for healthier eating.

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The Academy also passed a resolution enacting maximum term limits for its governors. Starting with the board term, those on the Board of Governors can serve for up to two, three-year terms, consecutive or non-consecutive, followed by a two-year hiatus after which eligibility renews for up to two additional three-year terms, for a lifetime maximum of 12 years. Prior to this, governors were allowed to serve three consecutive three-year terms with a one-year hiatus and no lifetime maximum.

But to truly meet this moment, we must recognize how much more needs to be done, and we must listen, learn, embrace the challenge and hold ourselves and our community accountable," Academy President David Rubin said in a statement. Related: Oscars: By the Numbers. Similar requirements apply to the remaining criteria. A young newlywed arrives at her husband's imposing family estate on a windswept English coast and finds herself battling the shadow of his first wife, Rebecca, whose legacy lives on in the house long after her death.

Votes: 22, R min Comedy, Drama. An aging Manhattan socialite living on what's barely left of her inheritance moves to a small apartment in Paris with her son and cat. R 94 min Drama, Music Completed. Chicago, A recording session. Tensions rise between Ma Rainey, her ambitious horn player and the white management determined to control the uncontrollable "Mother of the Blues". Based on Pulitzer Prize winner August Wilson's play. Director: George C.

Not Rated min Comedy, Drama. Four friends, all high school teachers, test a theory that they will improve their lives by maintaining a constant level of alcohol in their blood. Votes: 4, R 96 min Adventure, Comedy, Drama. A young mother reconnects with her larger-than-life playboy father on an adventure through New York. Votes: 14, PG min Drama, Music, Romance.

A superstar singer and her overworked personal assistant are presented with a choice that could alter the course of their respective careers. R min Biography, Drama, History. The story of feminist icon Gloria Steinem's itinerant childhood and its influence on her life as a writer, activist and organizer for women's rights worldwide. R min Drama, Thriller. Full of misgivings, a young woman travels with her new boyfriend to his parents' secluded farm. Upon arriving, she comes to question everything she thought she knew about him, and herself.

Votes: 49, R Comedy, Drama Completed. A famous author goes on a cruise trip with her friends and nephew in an effort to find fun and happiness while she comes to terms with her troubled past. R min Biography, Drama, Thriller.

A famous horror writer finds inspiration for her next book after she and her husband take in a young couple. Votes: 6, Follows a woman in her sixties who, after losing everything in the Great Recession, embarks on a journey through the American West, living as a van-dwelling modern-day nomad. A Civil War veteran agrees to deliver a girl, taken by the Kiowa people years ago, to her aunt and uncle, against her will. They travel hundreds of miles and face grave dangers as they search for a place that either can call home.

R Thriller Completed. PG Drama, Romance Completed. A pair of star-crossed lovers in Ireland get caught up in their family's land dispute. This post-apocalyptic tale follows Augustine, a lonely scientist in the Arctic, as he races to stop Sully and her fellow astronauts from returning home to a mysterious global catastrophe. Sam and Tusker are traveling across England in their old RV to visit friends, family and places from their past.

Since Tusker was diagnosed with dementia two years ago, their time together is the most important thing they have. Biography, Drama, Music Post-production. Follows Holiday during her career as she is targeted by the Federal Department of Narcotics with an undercover sting operation led by black Federal Agent Jimmy Fletcher, with whom she had a tumultuous affair. R min Biography, Drama. Follows screenwriter Herman J. Mankiewicz 's tumultuous development of Orson Welles ' iconic masterpiece Citizen Kane PG min Comedy, Musical Completed.

A troupe of hilariously self-obsessed theater stars swarm into a small conservative Indiana town in support of a high school girl who wants to take her girlfriend to the prom. Drama Post-production. An Army medic suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder becomes a serial bank robber after an addiction to drugs puts him in debt.

R min Crime, Drama. In this s set crime drama, a woman is forced to go on the run after her husband betrays his partners, sending her and her baby on a dangerous journey. A musician who has lost his passion for music is transported out of his body and must find his way back with the help of an infant soul learning about herself. R 97 min Drama. New parents Adrienne and Matteo are forced to reckon with trauma amidst their troubled relationship.

They must revisit the memories of their past and unravel haunting truths in order to face their uncertain future. PG min Comedy, Romance Completed. A holiday romantic comedy that captures the range of emotions tied to wanting your family's acceptance, being true to yourself, and trying not to ruin Christmas.

Votes: 6. One Night in Miami is a fictional account of one incredible night where icons Muhammad Ali, Malcolm X, Sam Cooke, and Jim Brown gathered discussing their roles in the civil rights movement and cultural upheaval of the 60s. Drama, Musical Post-production. Feature film adaptation of the musical about a teenager from Sheffield, England who wants to be a drag queen.

Grant , Sharon Horgan. R Biography, Drama, History Completed. PG min Drama. R min Drama, Fantasy. A reclusive man conducts a series of interviews with human souls for a chance to be born. A director and his girlfriend's relationship is tested after they return home from his movie premiere and await critics' responses. Thriller Post-production.